Flowers: Imperfect and the plants monoecious or dioecious, small; carpels 2, syncarpous; ovary superior to inferior, 1-locular with 1 pendulous ovule

Inflorescences: Heads, catkins, or a syconium

Fruits: Achenes or small drupes, sometimes multiple fruits with accessory tissue, can be very large

Habit: Trees and shrubs, sometimes herbs, sap milky

Leaves: Alternate or opposite, simple, entire, toothed, or lobed


  • Artocarpus altilus (breadfruit)
  • A. heterophyllus (jackfruit)
  • Broussonetia papyrifera (paper-mulberry)
  • Dorstenia species
  • Ficus carica (edible fig), F. elastica, F. benjamina, F. sycamorus
  • Maclura pomifera (osage orange)
  • Morus rubra, M. alba (mulberry)

Related family is the Cannabinaceae with:

  • Cannabis sativa (hemp, marijuana)
  • Humulus lupulus (hops)