Can the stomatal changes caused by acute ozone exposure be predicted by changes occurring in the mesophyll?
Marion J. Martin, Peter K. Farage, Steven W. Humphries and Steven P.
Keywords:- Ozone; acute; photosynthesis; Vcmax; stomatal conductance; wheat.
The development of a mechanistic model of acute ozone exposure effects on wheat leaf
photosynthesis is described. Based on the experimental data of Farage et al. (1991)
the magnitude of ozone-induced decline in Vcmax, was found to be linearly
related to increasing "Effective Ozone Dose", that is, the ozone dose to the
leaf above a threshold flux. Plants produce protective mechanisms against the damaging
oxygen radicals formed by the breakdown of ozone within the leaf. Therefore, the threshold
flux provides a mechanism of acute ozone effect on photosynthetic metabolism, assuming
that damage occurs only once the maximum rate of metabolism of oxygen radical protection
within the leaf has been exceeded.
Thus, it is the maximum rate of metabolism of the oxygen radical protection and rate of
removal of harmful radicals that determines the magnitude of the threshold ozone flux into
the leaf. The effective ozone dose model is thus a mechanistic approach to modeling acute
ozone effects on photosynthesis.
The new ozone model is combined with both a mechanistic biochemical model of leaf photosynthesis and a phenomenological model of stomatal conductance to investigate the degree of dependency of ozone-induced stomatal closure on changes in the mesophyll, via the reduction in Vcmax. The model was integrated into WIMOVAC, and the predicted stomatal conductance of the model simulation was compared with the magnitude of stomatal closure measured by Farage et al. (1991). The results indicate that, at least under these experimental conditions, the stomatal changes caused by acute ozone exposure occurred as a result of changes in the mesophyll.
Operational applications and limitations of the ozone model within WIMOVAC to predict
leaf assimilation and plant productivity responses to future climate change are briefly
The ozone model in Wimovac uses the standard user friendly dialog interface for
communicating with the user and allows you to examine the effects of ambient ozone
concentration and exposure time upon leaf photosynthetic assimilation rate and other key
photosynthetic parameters. The dialogs also allow the user to monitor the indirect effect
of ozone through assimilation on stomatal conductance.
The model dialog above is for the ozone effects model with 3D plots. The typical output
of this model dialog is shown below.
Marion Martins Thesis (ozone/CO2 interactive effects in wheat)
Send mail to firstname.lastname@example.org with questions or comments about this web site.