Final Exam - 1999 Ent. 105 Name____________________
Final Exam
May 8, 1999

1. Spermathecae are found in
a. male insects
b. female insects
c. both sexes of insects

2. Biparental sexual reproduction involves the production of sex cells called ___________ , each of which contains _____% of the genetic complement of an individual. Two gametes fuse to form a(n) __________.

3. Which of the following arthropods relies on indirect sperm transfer?
a. aquatic crustaceans
b. spiders
c. all insects
d. all arthropods

4. What is a species?

5. What is a pheromone?

6. An aggregation pheromone
a. allows females ot evaluate prospective mates
b. alerts conspecifics to the presence of danger
c. alerts conspecifics to the presence of food
d. attracts males and females to a common location.

7. Provide an example of
a. a botanical insecticide
b. an inorganic insecticide
c. a synthetic organic insecticide

8. Which of the following insecticides is an organophosphate?
a. dieldrin
b. parathion
c. gamma lindane
d. DDT

9. In what year was Rachel Carson's Silent Spring published?
a. 1959
b. 1960
c. 1962
d. 1971

10. Describe two ways pheromones can be used in pest control:

11. "IPM" stands for
a. insect pest management
b. innovative pest management
c. integrated pest management
d. integrated pesticide management

12. What is biomagnification?

13. In which of the following states are fire ants NOT a problem?
a. Texas
b. Maine
c. California
d. Florida

14. How many U.S. acres are infested with fire ants?
a. 2.75 million
b. 27.5 million
c. 275 million
d. 2.75 billion

15. What are two approaches, other than pesticides, that are being investigated for fire ant control?

16. How can fire ants actually cause fires?

17. What is the ancestral (native) home of the red imported fire ant?

18. The scientific name of the red imported fire ant is
a. Solenopsis iniquita b. Solenopsis geminata c. Solenopsis invicta d. Solenopsis incendiaria 19. The western honey bee, Apis mellifera, is native to
a. North America
b. South America
c. Eurasia
d. Australia

20. What is the full scientific name of the African "killer bee"?
a. Apis mellifera adansoni b. Apis mellifera carnica c. Apis mellifera scutellata d. Apis mellifera mellifera 21. What are two ways used to distinguish Africanized bees from European bees?

22. Aethina tumida is
a. the honey bee tracheal mite
b. the honey bee vampire mite
c. the small hive beetle of Africa
d. the "Dark Bee" of Northern Europe

23. What was the name of the Brazilian bee geneticist who was responsible for importing African bees into Brazil in 1957?

24. True or false: Killer bee venom is not substantially more toxic than the venom of Italian bees.

25. The author of "A Catalogue of Insects of Pennsylvania" was
a. John Abbot
b. Thomas Say
c. Frederick Valentine Melsheimer
d. Mark Catesby

26. The author of "American Entomology," published in 1824-28, was
a. John Abbot
b. Thomas Say
c. Frederick Valentine Melsheimer
d. Mark Catesby

27. Two important legislative acts greatly affected the history of U.S. entomology. The 1862 ____________________ provided each state with 30,000 acres per legislator for the construction of agricultural colleges and the 1887 _______________ created a nationwide system of state agricultural experiment stations.

28. Who was responsible for delivering the first lectures on entomological subjects at UIUC?

29. Who was the first state entomologist of Illinois?
a. Asa Fitch
b. Townend Glover
c. Benjamin Walsh
d. Stephen A. Forbes

30. Describe two contributions made by Charles Valentine Riley to the development of entomology in the United States:

31. Name the state insect of
a. Oklahoma
b. Illinois

32. Name two professional or collegiate sports team insect symbols:

33. Name an insect involved in totemism in Australia:

34. Describe one attribute of insect biology that might explain why insects feature prominently in so many creation myths worldwide.

35. What insect might you expect to find on the Beebe family coat of arms?

36. How old are the oldest known artistic depictions of insects?
a. 600,000 years old
b. 60,000 years old
c. 6,000 years old
d. 600 years old

37. What are two reasons insects have appealed to artists throughout the centuries and across cultures?

38. True or false: Insects and other arthropods feature prominently in tattoo art.

39. Name a work of art by the artists below that features insects:
a. Vincent van Gogh
b. Salvador Dali

40. Provide one example of the use of insects or insect body parts as jewelry:

41. Provide one example of an entomological error made in a court of law:

42. Why do many states require apiaries to be inspected regularly?
a. to check for disease
b. to check for African bees
c. to make sure that bees are being properly cared for
d. to monitor honey production

43. What is FIFRA?

44. Legally, are bees considered ferae naturae or ferae domitia?

45. What are two reasons beekeepers may be sued by neighbors?

46. What are two reasons beekeepers may sue their neighbors?

47. Describe two instrumental methods used to simulate the sound of insect flight in songs:

48. Folksongs often comemorate actual people or events. Name a folksong that commemorates an actual event:

49. Name a song that incorporates insect symbols for lust, desire, or sexual danger:

50. True or false: Rap music is one genre into which insects have not yet been incorporated.

51. Perhaps the oldest known classical piece of music with an insect reference is Josquin des Prez'
a. "Les Mouches"
b. "El Grillo"
c. "Le Papillon"
d. "Las Abejas"

53. The director associated with "big bug" films of the 1950s was
a. Winsor McCay
b. Willis O'Brien
c. Bert I. Gordon
d. Wladislaw Starewicz

54. Describe two conventions frequently encountered in insect cartoons:

55. "Them," a film about giant ants created by atomic testing in the desert, was Warner Brothers' top-grossing film in what year?

56. "Andre and Wally-Bee" is a film of historical importance because it is
a. the first animated film to feature an insect
b. the first color cartoon
c. the first puppet-animation film
d. the first computer-generated animated film with a plot

57. Describe two ways that special effects teams create giant insects and name a film in which each technique is used:

58. What is a "cable mite"?

59. Irrational fear of insects is known as ________________.

60. List two traits that can be used to distinguish a real infestation from delusory parasitosis:

61. A treatment for phobias that involves placing the subject in a catastrophic situation is called
a. modelling therapy
b. flooding therapy
c. implosive therapy
d. in vivo therapy

62. The global value of insect deadstock annually is
a. $2 million to $3 million
b. $20 million to $30 million
c. $200 million to $300 million
d. $2 billion to $3 billion

63. What is an insect wrangler?

64. Name two major markets for mass-reared insects:

65. Butterfly zoos and voliaries can be found in
a. Florida
b. Stockholm, Sweden
c. Montreal, Canada
d. All of the above

66. What technological advance may threaten the livelihood of individuals whose livelihood is based on collecting silk from spiders?

67. The individual who amassed the largest individual natural history collection in the world was
a. Walter Rothschild
b. Charles Rothschild
c. Maria Sibylla Merian
d. Alfred Russell Wallace

68. The organization dedicated to preserving endangered invertebrates is named in honor of an extinct butterfly called
a. Cercyonis stheneles b. Danaus plexippus c. Glaucopsyche xerces d. Lycaeides melissa 69. Where does the monarch butterfly spend the winter?

70. Provide an example that proves the following statement false:
All introductions into this country have been accidental and undesirable.

71. Common names often (but not always) reflect the country of origin of introduced insects.
Complete the following common names of important imported pests:
Imported European ______________
German _______________
Japanese ____________
Hessian _____________

72. List two reasons stories in tabloids about 23-pound grasshoppers are exceedingly unlikely to be true:

73. Name two popular science magazines that often carry stories about insects:

74. Provide an example that proves the following statement false:
There has never been a Nobel Prize awarded for research on insects.

75. Name two entomologists who have received the National Medal of Science:

76. Hans Herren's research on the biological control of cassava whitefly was recognized with what prestigious international award in 1995?

77. In the scientific name Musca domestica L.,
a. what taxonomic unit is designated by Musca?
b. what taxonomic unit is designated by domestica?
c. what does the L. mean?
d. why is the name italicized?

78. About how many insect species have scientific names?
a. 8,000
b. 80,000
c. 800,000
d. 8,000,000

79. Give one good reasons for using scientific names instead of common names when talking about insects:

80. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of all members of the phylum Arthropoda?
a. segmented body
b. radial symmetry
c. hard exoskeleton
d. paired appendages

81. List two ways to distinguish members of the class Arachnida from members of the class Insecta:

82. Fill in the blanks below with the numbers that apply to the class Insects:
_____ body regions
_____ pair(s) of antennae
_____ pair(s) of legs

83. Of the following orders
Ephemeroptera,Orthoptera, Hymenoptera, Odonata, Homoptera, Diptera, Dictyoptera, Phthiraptera, Coleoptera, Isoptera , Lepidoptera, Siphonaptera

list two that have immatures that are entirely aquatic:

list two that contain species that are eusocial:

list two that contain species that are entirely parasitic in the adult stage:

list two that contain gall-forming plant-feeders:

list two that are holometabolous:

list two that are hemimetabolous:

list two that are associated with dung:

list two that are associated with carrion:

list two that contain stored product pests:

list two that contain parasitoids:

84. What is ecdysis?

85. In holometabolous development, adult tissues are quiescent throughout the immature stages in islands of adult cells called _________ __________.

86. Oxygen moves through the body of insects in a system of tubes called
a. spiracles
b. tracheae
c. Malpighian tubules
d. seminal vesicles

87. The carbohydrate polymer that makes up the bulk of insect cuticle is called
a. chitin
b. sclerotin
c. fibroin
d. sericin

88. A pupa is characteristic of what kind of development, hemimetabolous or holometabolous?

89. Provide an entomological example of anthropomorphism.

90. A single unit of a compound eye is a(n)
a. photoreceptor
b. ocellus
c. ommatidium
d. sensilla

91. Identify the sex (male or female) responsible for
a. cricket chirping
b. possession of an aedeagus
c. bloodfeeding in mosquitoes
d. stinging in honey bees
e. "sales resistance" in sexual selection theory

92. The honey bee dance language is used to communicate information about
a. when grubs should be fed
b. the presence of intruders in the hive
c. the movements and location of the queen
d. the location of pollen and nectar sources

93. Three characteristics defining eusociality are:

94. What are two things bees do to turn nectar into honey?

95. Royal jelly is a valuable commodity in Asia because it
a. restores youth
b. enhances the sex drive
c. prolongs life
d. none of the above

96. Beeswax is
a. a secretion of glands on the abdomen of a honey bee
b. produced by bees from tree resins
c. produced by bees by concentrating nectar from flowers

97. The economic value of bee pollination in the U.S. each year is approximately
a. one million dollars
b. 10 million dollars
c. one billion dollars
d. ten billion dollars

98. Petals are important to flowers because
a. they protect the delicate sexual organs of the plant
b. they serve as advertisements to pollinators
c. they help plants photosynthesize
d. they provide a place for storing starch

99. Name one insect-pollinated plant and its pollinator:

100. List one way artificial selection has altered the biology of crop plants to make them more susceptible to insect attack:

101. Which of the following mortality factors acts in a density-dependent way?
a. competition for food
b. microbial infection
c. predation
d. all of the above

102. What is one environmental cue known to promote the appearance of gregarious locusts?

103. What is the scientific name of the insect from which most silk is produced:
_______ _______

What order does it belong to? ______________

104. Fibroin, which makes up the bulk of silk fiber, is a
a. carbohydrate
b. lipid
c. protein
d. mucopolysaccharide

105. Name the commercially important products derived from the
a. lac scale
b. cochineal scale

106. Explain the economic significance of the
a. phylloxera
b. Aleppo gall
c. To what order do these insects belong?

107. One physiological or morphological adaptation possessed by a number of stored product insects is

108. Carpet beetles and clothes moths share a biochemical ability that allows them to consume animal fur or feathers--they can break down ____________, the major protein in fur and feathers.

109. True or false: All Araneida are carnivorous.

110. What is the historical significance of the vedalia beetle, Rodolia cardinalis?

111. What do Coccinellidae eat?

112. Insects as food are high in
a. protein
b. vitamins and minerals
c. cholesterol
d. all of the above

113. If you were stranded on a tropical island and were forced to eat insects, would you choose to eat a cryptic species or an aposematic species? Why?

114. If you have allergies to shellfish or dust, why shouldn't you eat insects?

115. Which of the following insects is homotypic?
a. honey bee
b. peppered moth
c. walkingstick
d. bombardier beetle

116. In what kind of mimcry system is the model toxic and the mimic palatable?
a. Beltian
b. Batesian
c. Muellerian
d. Eisnerian

117. What is maggot therapy?

118. Cantharidin is the active component of what insect (common or scientific name) used historically as an aphrodisiac?

To what order does this insect belong?

119. What is prey switching behavior and why is it important to flyfishermen?

120. Spinners, drakes, dun, and humpbacks are all fishing flies based on what order of insect?

121. Mendel's law of ____________ states that alternative forms of a particular factor (gene) remain discrete during reproduction.

122. A change in a gene, either in DNA sequence or location, is called a ____________.

123. List one potential application of genetic engineering in insect pest control.

124. Provide an example of an arthropod involved in
b. myiasis
c. vessel-feeding

125.Name one disease that can be transmitted by a mosquito in central Illinois
and name one species that transmits this disease

126. Match the vector with the disease it transmits
a. Aedes aegypti 1. typhus

b. Anopheles spp. 2. yellow fever
c. Xenopsylla cheopis 3. bubonic plague
d. Pediculus humanus 4. malaria

127. Match the disease with its the type of pathogen that causes it
a. typhus 1. bacterium
b. bubonic plague 2. rickettsia
c. yellow fever 3. protozoan
d. malaria 4. virus

128. Due to its dungfeeding habits, the house fly has been implicated in the transmission of
a. dysentery
b. typhoid fever
c. cholera
d. all of the above

129. What is competitive control?

130. How can DNA analysis be used in forensic entomology?

131. What insects are associated with a "fresh" corpse?
a. hister beetles
b. dermestid larvae
c. blow flies
d. cheese skippers