Entomology 105--Insects and People
2.gametes; 50%; zygote
4. An interbreeding group of individuals that is reproductively isolated from other such groups
5. intraspecific chemical signal
7.a. pyrethrum, tobacco (nicotine), neem
b. Paris Green, arsenic
c. DDT, parathion, malathion, heptachlor, dieldrin
10.a. monitor pest levels
b. attracticide (attract pest to poison bait); disrupt mating
12. Increase in concentration of a chemical up a food chain.
15.a. biological control (natural enemies) - pathogens, parasitoids, predators
b. pheromones; sterile male release
16. Fire ants can strip insulation off wires causing short circuits and fires.
17. the Brazil-Paraguay border
21. a. morphometrics - use of precise measurements of morphological features
b. DNA analysis
23. Warwick Kerr
27. Morrill Land Grant Act; Hatch Act
28. T.J. Burrill
30.a. first use of biocontrol
b. promoted inorganic chemical control; first entomological organization
invented spray nozzle
31.a. honey bee
b. monarch butterfly
32. Charlotte Hornet, Chicago Sting, University of Richmond Spiders, Savannah Sand Gnats, Salt Lake City Buzz, Georgia Yellowjackets
33. cicadas, witchety grubs, psyllids
34. high fecundity or reproduction rate; often first animals to colonize; some insects observed constructing homes or "societies"; some insects emerge from filth
35. honey bee comb
37. a. minute size is a technical challenge
b. aesthetic beauty
39.a. Death's Head Moth
b. The Great Masturbator; Myself at the Age of Ten as the Grasshopper Child
40. beetles used as ornaments; butterfly wings; Amazonians use dragonfly wings as nose plugs
41. Spiders are insects; Crickets are chummy little fellows, rather than pests.
43. Food Insecticide Fungicide and Rodenticide Act
44. ferae naturae
45.a. nuisance or stinging
b. zoning ordinance violations; trespassing if they go on property
46.a. pesticide drift killing bees
b. theft of honey, swarms or equipment
47. a. tremolo - rapid playing of string simulates buzzing
b. bottle slide on guitar - simulates humming or buzzing
48. Ballad of the Boll Weevil; Boll Weevil Song
49. Crabby Day; King Bee
54.a. reduction in appendages (usually two less)
b. mouthparts as tools; anthropomorphism (human features); adversarial relationship with humans
57. a. traveling matte or blue screen - Beginning of the End
b. models or puppets - Them, Monster from Green Hell
58. A cable mite is an irritation caused by exposure to fiberglass, glass wool, or other particulate matter that gets under the skin and causes the sensation of being infested by arthropods.
60. a. bugs jump or change color; infestation lasts several months or years
b. infest strange household items (toothpaste)
63. a person who supplies and manipulates insects in the movies
64.a. bait or pet feed shops
b. biocontrol; scientific supply shops; butterfly release;
66. genetic engineering
69. mountains outside Mexico; also along the central coast of California
70. Biocontrol agents are frequently deliberately introduced to control pest species or weeds.
71. cabbageworm; cockroach; beetle; fly
72. a. tracheal respiratory system might not work
b. molting would be a problem; limbs would collapse under weight
73. a. Discover b. National Geographic; Omni; Scientific American; Popular Science
74. 1995 Nobel Prize for Medicine - research on Drosophila melanogaster
75.a. E.O. Wilson b. Tom Eisner
76. World Food Prize
77.a. genus b. species c. L. - Linnaeus, the author d. written in Latin, a foreign language
78.c (and rising)
79. universally understood; provides information about insect;
common names vary with region; same for different life stages
81. a. no antenna
b. two tagmata (abdomen and cephalothorax); chelicerate mouthparts
82. three; one; three
83. immatures entirely aquatic
- Ephemeroptera, Odonata (also Trichoptera, Plecoptera)
contain species that are eusocial
- Hymenoptera, Isoptera, Homoptera (also Thysanoptera)
contain species that are entirely parasitic in the adult stage
- Diptera, Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, Siphonaptera (also Stresiptera)
contain gall forming plant-feeders
- Homoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera
-Hymenoptera, Diptera, Siphonaptera, Coleoptera, Lepidoptera)
- Ephemeroptera, Orthoptera, Odonata, Dictyoptera, Phthiraptera, Isoptera
species associated with dung
- Diptera, Coleoptera, Dictyoptera, Lepidoptera (dung feeding sloth moths!)
species associated with carrion
- Diptera, Coleoptera, Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera, Dictyoptera
contain stored product pests
- Diptera, Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, Dictyoptera
- Diptera, Hymenoptera (also Coleoptera to a limited extent)
84. The shedding of the old exoskeleton (specifically).
85. imaginal discs
89. "killer bees" - these bees do not want to hunt humans down and kill them, only defend their colonies
91. a. male
93.a. overlap of generations
b. cooperative brood care
c. reproductive division of labor
94.a. dehydrate it
b. break sucrose into simple sugars with invertase
99. clover and bumblebee; fig and wasps; chocolate and midges; almonds and honeybees
100. reduced toxins; increased nutritive value; increase water content
b. declining food quality
103. Bombyx mori
105.a. shellac b. cochineal dye
106.a. a devastating pest of grape roots in the wine industry
b. source of tannins for ink
107. reduced dispersal capability; small size; tolerance of toxins; tolerance of dry conditions
110. This beetle was the first insect deliberately imported (from Australia) for biological control of cottony cushion scale.
111. Homopterans, among many other things.
113. Cryptic species, because aposematic species are often (though not always) advertising toxicity.
114. The exoskeleton of insects contain similar proteins to the exoskeletons of shellfish and dust mites. Since proteins often serve as allergens, cross sensitivity is a good possibility.
117. The deliberate medical use of maggots to clear a wound of necrotic (dead) tissue.
118. Spanishfly (not a true fly, but a beetle), Lytta vesicatoria; Coleoptera
119. Prey switching behavior is when a predator focuses on the suitable prey species that is most abundant at the time. Fishermen should try to "match the hatch", or use mimics of the prey of the moment.
123. make disease vectors refractory (unable to carry disease organism); make biocontrol agents (predators, parasitoids) resistant to pesticides
124. a. follicle mite, body lice, heel fly
b. human bot fly, screwworm, maggots in general
c. mosquitoes, flea, bedbugs
125. a. St. Louis encephalitis, La Crosse fever, West Nile virus
b. Culex pipiens, Aedes triseriatus
126. a.2.; b.4.; c.3.; d.1.
127. a.2; b.1; c.4.; d.3
129. Introduction of a non-economic insect to use up the resources of an economic pest.
130. To identify suspects or victims from blood in blood feeding mosquitoes; To identify which population the carrion insects came from
131.c. lots of them!