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IB 109 Insects and People

Final exam May 7, 2008


1, In sexual reproduction, two gametes fuse to form a(n)
a. oocyte c. zygote
b. spermatozoan d. testis

2. In Lepidoptera, individuals with XY chromosomes are
a. male
b. female
c. not enough information is provided to answer this question

3. Which of the following arthropods engages in indirect sperm transfer?
a. crabs c. spiders
b. click beetles d. all of the above

4. A sperm “package” passed from male to female insects is called a
a. spermathecia c. spermatheca
b. spermatophore d. spermatophyte

5. In which of the following orders is arrhenotoky found?
a. Hymenoptera c. Acari
b. Thysanoptera d. All of the above

6. An example of a postzygotic isolating mechanism is
a. pheromone signaling c. hybrid sterility
b. courtship rituals d. all of the above

7. From what species was the first insect sex pheromone isolated?
a. Apis mellifera c. Trichoplusia ni
b. Bombyx mori d. Periplaneta americana

8. A male-produced pheromone that allows females to evaluate prospective mates over short distances is a(n)
a. aphrodisiac pheromone c. aggregation pheromone
b. sex pheromone d. alarm pheromone

9. Which of the following pesticides is classified as an organophosphate insecticide?
a. Pyrethrum c. Parathion
b. Paris Green d. Both a and b

10. Which of the following pesticides is classified as an inorganic insecticide?
a. Pyrethrum c. Parathion
b. Paris Green d. Both a and b

011. Concentration up through a food chain is called
a. bioamplification c. bioconcentration
b. biomagnification d. bioaccumulation

12. The size of a pest population at which the potential damage exceeds the cost of control is called the
a. economic injury level c. economic threshold
b. economic indicator d. ecological threshold

13. Which of the following pesticides acts as an insect growth regulator?
a. methoprene c. permethrin
b. pyrethrin d. parathion

14. Potential nontarget impacts of transgenic corn involved exposure of what species to pollen containing Bt endotoxin?
a. European corn borer c. corn earworm
b. monarch butterfly d. both a and c

15. Rotating corn with soybeans to manage corn rootworms is a form of
a. biological control c. cultural control
b. autocidal control d. chemical control

16. Where is the ancestral (native) home of the red imported fire ant?
a. Africa c. Asia
b. South America d. Europe

17. Residues of what insecticide from the fire ant control program were found contaminating milk and meat in 1959?
a. heptachlor c. malathion
b. cypermethrin d. acephate

18. Which of the following states does NOT yet have a fire ant problem?
a. Texas c. Tennessee
b. Florida d. All of these states have fire ant problems

19. How many US acres are infested with fire ants?
a. 2,750,000 c. 275,000,000
b. 27,500,000 d. 2,750,000,000

20. What does Thelohania solenopsae do to fire ants?
a. decapitates the workers c. renders the workers sterile
b. kills the queen d. causes abnormal larval growth

21. Thelohania solenopsae is a(n)
a. microsporidian protozoan c. species of parasitic fly
b. fungus d. virus

22. A pest species that was successfully eradicated from the United States is
a. apple maggot fly c. screwworm fly
b. horn fly d. tachinid fly

23. How many races of Apis mellifera are there?
a. one c. between 30 and 40
b. between 10 and 20 d. between 40 and 60

24. What technological innovation in the 19th century facilitated the importation of many different honey bee races to the United States?
a. electric lights c. steamship travel
b. artificial insemination d. the Langstroth hive

25. What is the correct common name of Apis mellifera scutellata?
a. African bee c. Africanized bee
b. killer bee d. African killer bee

26. In what year was Apis mellifera scutellata first introduced into the Western hemisphere?
a. 1937 c. 1957
b.1947 d. 1967

27. In what ways are African bees less desirable than European bees for beekeeping?
a. they abscond more frequently c. they swarm more frequently
b. they nest in more open locations d. all of the above

28. The first report of African bees in the U.S. as a result of their northward movement was in
a. California c. New Mexico
b. Texas d. Florida

29. What is Aethina tumida?
a. varroa mite c. tracheal mite
b. small hive beetle d. American foulbrood

30. Who was the Brazilian scientist who imported African honey bees into Brazil in 1957?
a. Wallace Kearns c. Warwick Kerr
b. Walter Kerr d. Walter Sheppard

31. Irrational fear of insects is known as
a. entomophobia c. entimophobia
b. entophobia d. delusory parasitosis

32. The age group most prone to delusory parasitosis is
a. between 2 and 12 c. between 20 and 50
b. between 12 and 20 d. over 50
33. Flooding therapy for entomophobia involves
a. exposure through virtual reality c. placement in a catastrophic situation
b. observing others handle the object d. relaxation via mental imaging

34. Formicophilia is
a. the sensation of being crawled on by ants
b. sexual gratification through being crawled on by ants
c. sexual gratification through eating ants

35. An example of a “matchbox sign” is
a. a Ziploc containing scabies mites
b. a burning sensation due to frenzied scratching
c. a Ziploc containing skin flakes and thread
d. tendency of spouses to acquire the delusion of infestation

36. Which of the following might be mistaken for delusory parasitosis?
a. fowl mite c. mange mite
b. rat mite d. all of the above

37. Which of the following can lead to secondary organic delusory parasitosis?
a. drug abuse c.vitamin B12 deficiency
b. neurological disorders d. all of the above

38. The scientific name for “cable mite” is
a. Cheyletiella yasguri c. Ornithonyssus sylviarum
b. Sarcoptes scabei d. none of the above

39. What is a churinga?
a. witchety grub c. honey ant
b. manna psyllid d. ceremonial object

40. The literary tradition of the bestiary began with the publication of what book in 600 AD?
a. Theater of Insects c. Physiologus
b. Geoponika d. Virgil’s Georgics

41. Why are bees often associated with advertising for breakfast cereals?
a. they’re brightly colored and attract attention
b. they’re “busy” and suggest that the cereal provides energy
c. they’re favorably regarded because of their role in pollination
d. breakfast cereals are often made with honey

42. What is the state insect of Illinois?
a. honey bee c. monarch butterfly
b. corn rootworm d. Karner blue butterfly

 

43. Who was the Philistine “Lord of the flies”?
a. Baalzebub c. Mephistopheles
b. Lucifer d. Phormia

44. Which of the following does NOT feature prominently in Navajo dry paintings?
a. corn beetle c. dragonfly
b. butterfly d. all of the above appear in dry paintings

45. Which of the following is NOT an attribute of totemism?
a. association of a group with the name of an organism
b. veneration of the namesake with taboos
c. cooperation among clan members
d. all of the above are attributes of totemism

46. Emblems were illustrated texts that often used animals to teach moral lessons. What time period are they associated with?
a. Dark Ages c. Renaissance England
b. Medieval England d. Victorian England

47. “El Grillo,” by Josquin des Prez, was about what kind of insect?
a. bee c. cricket
b. beetle d. butterfly

48. A folksong that commemorates an actual event involving insects is
a. Bluetail Fly b. Ballad of the Boll Weevil
c. Cicada Serenade d. Ain’t No Bugs on Me

49. What instrumental method is often used on a guitar to simulate the sounds of insect flight?
a. bottle slide c. chord strumming
b. five-finger picking d. harmonics

50. Of the following insects, which is least likely to appear in a popular song?
a. honey bee c. crab louse
b. butterfly d. barklouse

51. What arthropods are featured in cave art dating back 8000 years?
a. spiders c. scorpions
b. bees d. scarab beetles

52. What arthropods appear in the oldest known example of true writing (3250 BC)?
a. spiders c. scorpions
b. bees d. scarab beetles

 

53. Which of the following provides an exception to the pattern that the small size of arthropods presents a technical challenge to artists?
a. trompe l’oeil flies c. illuminated manuscripts
b.heart scarabs d. Nazca spiders

54. Insects that were depicted by medieval monks in illuminated manuscripts were selected because of their
a. bright colors b. moral symbolism
c. alliterative value d. markings that resemble letters

55. What collection of drawings was produced by Maria Sibylla Merian in 1719?
a. Papillons c. Metamorphosis Insectorum Surinamensis
b. Songs of the Garden d. The Brussels Initials

56. What was the principal artistic contribution of Jacob Hoefnagel?
a. he produced the first magnified image of an insect
b. he was first to depict insect subjects in a horizontal arrangement
c. he was the first to draw an insect from North America
d. he was the first to depict insects anthropomorphically

57. What artist was responsible for the anthropomorphic “Scenes de la vie privee et publique des animaux”?
a. Pieter Breughel c. E.A. Seguy
b. J.I.I. G. Grandville d. Pierre Redoute

58. What Amazonian tribe uses dragonfly wings as noseplug ornaments?
a. Jivaro c. Arunta
b. Yanomami d. Inca

59, Scales from the wings of what lepidopteran are widely used for creating jewelry and artwork?
a. Pieris c. Ornithoptera
b. Chrysochroa d. Morpho

60. The Tami-no-mushi shrine in the Horyu-ji Temple of Japan is decorated with
a. silkworm cocoons c.jewel beetle elytra
b. butterfly scales d. beeswax

61. The frequent appearances of insects on album cover art is a new trend dating back only to the late 1980s, with the rise of grunge rock.
a. True b. False

 

62. The man who created the first line drawing cartoon featuring an insect was
a. Segundo de Chomon c. Bert I. Gordon
b. Winsor McCay d. Wladislaw Starewicz

63. The entire process of animation was allegedly inspired by watching intertitle footage of what insect trespasser?
a. ant c. fly
b. cockroach d. moth

64.Why do insects appear so frequently in computer generated animated films?
a. their precise anatomical features are familiar to most viewers
b. their many appendages are easily created and attached to the body by computer
c. their smooth, shiny surfaces are easily created by computer
d. some key computer animators were biology majors in school

65. . Insect-human metamorphosis has been a recurring theme in insect fear films. Which of the following movies involves insect/human metamorphosis?
a. The Blood Beast Terror c. The Fly
b. Wasp Woman d. All of the above

66. The director most closely associated with “Big Bug” science fiction films is
a. Bert I. Gordon c. John Lassiter
b. Willis O’Brien d. Wladislaw Starewicz

67. Alien, Aliens, and Aliens3 are technically not about insects but what group of insects is the biology of the alien creatures patterned after?
a. insect parasitoids c. insect carnivores
b. insect parasites d. insect herbivores

68. The person on a movie set who is responsible for providing insects and making them behave in an appropriate manner is usually called a(n)
a. bug guy c. insect wrangler
b. insect effects consultant d. best bug boy

69. How can bee behavior be manipulated on a movie set?
a. with lights c. with pheromones
c. with temperature d. all of the above

70. The 2007 box office hit “The Bee Movie” was inspired by
a. a children’s book c. a comic book by Jay Hosler
c. colony collapse disorder d. a pun

71. The wasp Tiphia illinoensis probably
a. is restricted to Illinois c. was first described from Illinois
b. is most abundant in Illinois d. was named for the Illini tribe

72. What was most significant about Thomas Say’s “American Entomology”?
a. it was the first book to recommend control measures for economically important species
b. it was the first textbook written for teaching entomology in the U.S.
c. it was the first book published in the U.S. to describe new North American species
d. it was the first entomology text of national scope

73. What Illinois educator played a significant role in obtaining passage of the land grant act of 1862?
a. J.S. Morrill b. T. J. Burrill
c. J. B. Turner d. S. A. Forbes

74. Which member of the University of Illinois faculty determined that fire blight could be vectored among orchard trees by bees and flies?
a. J.S. Morrill b. T. J. Burrill
c. J. B. Turner d. S. A. Forbes

75. Who was the first State Entomologist of Illinois?
a. T.J. Burrill b. S.A. Forbes
c. B. D. Walsh d. C. V. Riley

76. What contribution to entomology was made by Charles Valentine Riley?
a. pioneered the concept of biological control of pest insects
b . introduced inorganic insecticides to pest management
c. defeated European phylloxera by grafting European grapes onto resistant rootstocks
d. all of the above

77. Where did the American Association of Economic Entomologists hold its first meeting?
a. Washington, DC b. Toronto, Ontario
c. New York, NY d. Urbana, IL

78. The legislative act that created a nationwide system of agricultural experiment stations was
a. the Morrill Act b. the Smith-Lever Act
c. the Hatch Act c. the Smoot-Hawley act

79. Of the following insects, which is most likely to display animus revertendi?
a. cockroaches b. honey bees
c. mayflies d. house flies

80. The presence of which of the following insects in an apartment might constitute a violation of the implied warranty of habitability on the part of the landlord?
a. Asian multicolored ladybugs b. head lice
c. cockroaches d. mosquitoes

81. True or false: Laws regarding insects do not apply to arachnids such as spiders or mites.
a. True b. False

82. True or false: “Banana spiders,” highly venomous spiders lurking in shipments of bananas in grocery stores, are urban legends
a. True b. False

83. Why were four major producers of transgenic corn sued by 22 organic farmers in 1999?
a. Drifting transgenic pollen might contaminate their crop
b. Transgenic pollen might fertilize their corn plants and create non-organic hybrids
c. Transgenic corn debris contaminates agricultural runoff and might flow to organic farms
d. Transgenic corn might create corn borers resistant to Bacillus thuringiensis, which is used by organic growers.

84. According to Anderson v State of Minnesota Dept. Natural Resources (2005),
a. bees killed by pesticides on a neighbor’s property are regarded as “trespassers”
b. state agency interpretation of pesticide labels prevail in disputes with private citizens
c. pesticide applicators have a common-law duty to protect bees when applying pesticides
d. beekeepers can collect damages only if pesticide contamination of honey can be proved

85. Why do many states require apiaries to be inspected regularly?
a. to protect against incursion by Africanized bees
b. to protect bees from epidemic diseases
c. to protect bees from inhumane treatment
d. to insure that honey producers qualify for federal subsidies

86. A lawsuit filed by Greenpeace et al. against the release of transgenic crop plants was dismissed in July 2000 for lack of evidence of harm. What federal agency did Greenpeace et al. sue?
a. FDA b. USDA
c. EPA d. FTC

87. Which famous insect collector donated his specimens to the Field Museum of Chicago?
a. Walter Rothschild b. H.W. Bates
c. A. S. Meek d. Herman Strecher

88. What is the global value of insect deadstock every year?
a. $2-3 million b. $20-30 million
c. $200-300 million d. $500 million

89. Another term for “butterfly zoo” is
a. apiary b. aviary
c. voliary d. lapidary

90. What makes a Mexican jumping bean jump?
a. a grub b. a grasshopper
c. a maggot d. a caterpillar

91. What kind of insect appears on the cover of the album “Shot” by Jesus Lizard?
a. cockroach b. crab louse c. dragonfly d. scarab beetle

92. True or false: Fleas can be trained to perform in flea circuses
a. True b. False
93. Which of the following invasive species made its first appearance in the United States in the 21st century?
a. Asian longhorned beetles b. Asian multicolored ladybugs
c. emerald ashborer d. All of the above

94. What insect(s) on the federal endangered species list can be found in Illinois?
a. Hine’s emerald dragonfly b. Karner blue butterfly
c. Delhi Sands flower-loving fly d. both a and b

95. How do Argentine ants present a risk to the environment?
a. they interfere with seed dispersal by other ants
b. they disrupt the food supply for certain reptiles
c. they reduce the population sizes of native ant species
d. all of the above

96. How do European elm bark beetles kill elm trees?
a. they tunnel through the cambium and prevent sap from reaching the leaves
b. they eat the bark covering the roots and weaken the tree
c. they inject a toxin as they feed that causes limbs to rot
d. they spread a fungal disease that kills the tree

98. How much damage have introduced insects caused over the last century in the U.S.?
a. $9,000,000 b. $90,000,000,000
c. $9,000,000,000 d. $900,000,000,000

99. Major pollutants that accumulate in plants by roadsides and adversely affect the growth of insects include
a. manganese b. mercury
c. ozone d. carbon dioxide

100. True or false: The monarch butterfly is protected by law throughout its migratory route to its overwintering site in Mexico.
a. True b. False

101. 5. Which of the following invasive species is originally from Asia?
a. Anoplophora longipennis b. .Popillia japonica
c. Aedes albopictus d. all of the above

102. The Xerces Society, dedicated to protecting endangered insect species, is named in honor of:
a. an endangered species of butterfly
b. an extinct species of butterfly
c. an endangered species of beetle
d. a lepidopterist who dedicated his life to preserving endangered species

103. What attribute of L. humile makes it such a successful invader?
a. toxic venom c. large body size
b. specialized diet d. unicoloniality

104. Where are you most likely to find a Karner blue butterfly?
a. tallgrass prairie c. quaking bog
b. sand dune d. temperate rainforest

105. Which of the following invasive insect was deliberately introduced into the U.S.?
a. Asian longhorned beetle c. Asian tiger mosquito
b. Japanese beetle d. Asian multicolored ladybug

106. The scientific name of the German cockroach is correctly written as
a. Blattella Germanica b. Blattella germanica
c. Blattella germannica d. blattella germanica

Humans and insects are different in many ways. For the following traits, indicate if they are typical of humans, insects, or both.
107.Bilateral symmetry
a. human c. insect
b. both d. neither

108. Dorsal heart
a. human c. insect
b. both d. neither

109. External fertilization
a. human c. insect
b. both d. neither

110. Exoskeleton
a. human c. insect
b. both d. neither

111. Chitin
a. human c. insect
b. both d. neither

112. In the scientific name Apis mellifera, Apis represents the
a. genus c. species
b. family d. vernacular name

113. What was the first insect to have its genome sequenced?
a. Bombyx mori c. Anopheles gambiae
b. Drosophila melanogaster d. Apis mellifera

114. Which of the following features is shared between arachnids and insects?
a. four pairs of legs c. jointed appendages
b. cephalothorax and abdomen d. chelicerae

115. Which of the following features is shared between crustaceans and insects?
a. two pairs of antennae c. exoskeleton
b. biramous appendages d. external fertilization

116. What was the first insect to be managed by biological control in the United States?
a. San Jose scale c. cottony cushion scale
b. lac scale d. cochineal scale

117. What was the first insect known to develop resistance to an insecticide?
a. San Jose scale c. cottony cushion scale
b. lac scale d. cochineal scale

118. What insect was used successfully for the biological control of prickly pear cactus?
a. San Jose scale c. cottony cushion scale
b. lac scale d. cochineal scale

119. In the scientific name Musca domestica L., what does the L. designate?
a. that it’s a Latin name c. that Linnaeus described the species
b. that the species is from Latin America d. It’s the Roman numeral 50, the 50th species in the
genus to be described

120.Which of the following orders contains many species of parasitoids?
a. Ephemeroptera c. Phthiraptera
b. Hymenoptera d. Coleoptera

121. Which of the following orders contains many eusocial species?
a. Ephemeroptera c. Phthiraptera
b. Hymenoptera d. Coleoptera

122. Which of the following orders consists entirely of species that are parasitic in all life stages?
a. Ephemeroptera c. Phthiraptera
b. Hymenoptera d. Coleoptera

123. Which of the following orders consists entirely of species that are aquatic as immatures?
a. Ephemeroptera c. Phthiraptera
b. Hymenoptera d. Coleoptera

124. Which of the following orders contains many species of associated with carrion?
a. Ephemeroptera c. Phthiraptera
b. Hymenoptera d. Coleoptera

125. Which of the following orders contains many species that are vectors of plant diseases?
a. Ephemeroptera c. Phthiraptera
b. Hymenoptera d. Coleoptera

126. Which of the following orders contains vectors of human disease?
a. Ephemeroptera c. Phthiraptera
b. Hymenoptera d. Coleoptera

127. What feature of the surface area/volume ratio explains much of insect biology?
a. the ratio of surface area to volume increases as animals get bigger
c. the ratio of surface area to volume decreases as animals get bigger
b. the ratio of surface area to volume remains constant as animals get bigger

128. Where does wax come from?
a. abdominal glands of honey bees c. corbicula of honey bees
b. stomach of honey bee d. tree resins collected by bees

129. Where does silk come from?
a. modified abdominal glands of silkworm c. modified salivary glands of silkworm
b. stomach of silkworm d. plant fibers stored by silkworms

130.Where does shellac come from?
a. abdominal glands of lac scale c. modified salivary glands of lac scale
b. stomach of lac scale d. tree resins collected by lac scale

131. Which is NOT an advantage of pheromones for insect pest management?
a. because they’re more specific than synthetic organic insecticides there are fewer nontarget environmental effects
b. because they’re used in small quantities, they’re cheaper than synthetic organic insecticides
c. they are less environmentally persistent than synthetic organic insecticides
d. they present less risk to applicators

132. Which is NOT a defining characteristic of eusociality?
a. cooperative brood care c. possession of venom
b. overlap of generations d. reproductive division of labor

133. Which is the order of life stages in holometabolous insects?
a. egg, nymph, imago c. egg, nymph, pupa, imago
b. egg, imago, larva, pupa d. egg, larva, pupa, imago

134. What insect produces luciferase?
a. blow flies c. dermestid beetles
b. fireflies d. silverfish

135. What insect produces keratinase?
a. blow flies c. dermestid beetles
b. fireflies d. silverfish

136. What insect produces cellulase?
a. blow flies c. dermestid beetles
b. fireflies d. silverfish

137. What is chitin?
a. a polypeptide in cuticle c. a polysaccharide in cuticle
b. a polysaccharide in plant foliage d. a polypeptide in silk

138. What is fibroin?
a. a protein in cuticle c. a polysaccharide in silk
b. a polysaccharide in cuticle d. a protein in silk

139. Cantharidin is a(n)
a. rubifacient c. vesicant
b. anticoagulant d. antibiotic

140. To what order do fireflies and Spanishflies belong?
a. Diptera c. Coleoptera
b. Lepidoptera d. Hemiptera

141. In what kind of mimicry system is the model toxic and the mimic palatable?
a. Batesian c. Beltian
b. Muellerian d. Eisnerian

142.You shouldn’t eat insects if you’re allergic to
a. dust c. shellfish
b. chocolate d. all of the above

143. What’s the overall value of bee pollination to U.S. agriculture?
a. $14 million c. $140 million
b. $14 billion d. $140 billion

144. Which of the following plants is NOT insect-pollinated?
a. cacao c. figs
b. corn d. almonds

145. If you were stranded on a desert island, which insect do you think would be safest to eat?
a. a moth resembling a dead leaf b. an orange and black striped caterpillar
c. a ladybug d. none—insects are poisonous to humans unless cooked thoroughly

Match the disease with the vector
146. Rickettisa prowazekii
a. Pediculus humanus c. Xenopsylla cheopis
b. Aedes aegypti d. Anopheles spp.

147. Yersinia pestis.
a. Pediculus humanus c. Xenopsylla cheopis
b. Aedes aegypti d. Anopheles spp.

148. Yellow fever
a. Pediculus humanus c. Xenopsylla cheopis
b. Aedes aegypti d. Anopheles spp.

149. Plasmodiium falciparum
a. Pediculus humanus c. Xenopsylla cheopis
b. Aedes aegypti d. Anopheles spp.

150.Insects as food are high in
a. protein c. vitamins and minerals
b. cholesterol d. all of the above

To what order do the following edible insects belong?
151. Gusano de maguey
a. Coleoptera c. Lepidoptera
b. Hymenoptera d. Hemiptera

152. Cochineal (Dactylopius coccus)
a. Coleoptera c. Lepidoptera
b. Hymenoptera d. Hemiptera

153. Witchety grubs
a. Coleoptera c. Lepidoptera
b. Hymenoptera d. Hemiptera

154. Historically, Aleppo gall has been
a. useful c. harmful

155. Historically, thistle stem gall fly has been
a. useful c. harmful

156, Contamination of food with insect parts or excrement is against the law.
a. True c. False

157.Australopithecus robustus used bone tools to dig into termite mounds
a. 500,000 years ago c. a million years ago
b. five million years ago d. 50,000 years ago

158.What is ecdysis?
a. hatching of the egg c. shedding of the exoskeleton (molting)
b. emergence of adult from pupa d. the separation of the old integument from the new

159.In holometabolous development, adult tissues are quiescent throughout the immature stages in islands of adult cells called
a. ecdysial disks c. imaginal disks
b. imaginary disks d. islets of Langerhans

160.A single unit of a compound eye is called a(n)
a. ocellus c. ommatidium
b. olfactory receptor d. rhabdom

161.Referring to Apis mellifera scutellata as “killer bees” is an example of
a. ethnocentrism c. anthropocentrism
b. anthropomorphism d. entomophobia

In the following questions, identify the sex responsible
161. Cricket chirping
a. males c. both
b. females

162. Blood feeding in mosquitoes
a. males c. females
b. both

163. Firefly flashing
a. males c. females
b. both

164. “Sales resistance”
a. males c. females
b. both

165. Stinging by honey bees
a. males c. females
b. both

166.About how big is “bee space”?
a. 1/4 inch c. 3/8 inch
b. 2 inches d. 4 inches

167.In Asia, the economic value of royal jelly exceeds that of honey. Royal jelly
a. restores youth c. enhances the sex drive
b. prolongs life d. none of the above

168. If you’re attacked by a swarm of African bees, which of the following should you do?
a. run in a zigzag pattern to confuse the bees
b. cover your face and eyes even if it means exposing other parts of your body
c. jump into a body of water such as a lake or pond or swimming pool if one is nearby
d. seek shelter in a building and be sure to lock the doors

169.About when were crop plants domesticated?
a. 8000-10,000 years ago c. 80,000-100,000 years ago
b. 800,000-1,000,000 years ago

170. Why are crop plants more vulnerable to crop pests than wild plants?
a. they’re grown in monoculture
b. fertilization and irrigation make them more nutritious for insects
c. artificial selection has removed many natural plant defenses
d. all of the above

171.The vast majority of herbivorous insects are
a. monophagous c. oligophagous
b. polyphagous d. coprophagous

172.Which of the following mortality factors acts in a density-dependent fashion?
a. predation c. flood
b. fire d. low temperatures

173. Which of the following cockroaches can be found in the U.S.?
a. American cockroach c. German cockroach
b. Oriental cockroach d. all of the above

174. Which of the following is NOT an adaptation possessed by many stored product insects?
a. small size c. tolerance of dry conditions
b. aposematic coloration d. tolerance of toxins

175. What is the worst health risk presented by cockroaches?
a. they carry disease organisms on their bodies
b. they contaminate food with quinone defense secretions
c. they nibble nails and hair of sleeping humans
d. they shed allergens into the environment

176.Which of the following is NOT considered aposematic?
a. brown c. black
b. orange d. red

177. Camouflage coloration (or background matching) is known as
a. homotypism c. crypsis
b. thanatosis d. urtication

178.Bee venom is widely used in the treatment of
a. heart disease c. arthritis
b. diabetes d. muscular dystrophy

179. What is Cordyceps?
a. a medicinal genus of cicads c. a medicinal fungus that infects caterpillars
b. a beetle used as an aphrodisiac d. an ant used to brew medicinal tea

180.The individual most closely associated with the theory of natural selection is
a. Francis Galton c. Thomas Malthus
b. Charles Darwin d. Charles Lyell

181. What is the central dogma of biology?
a. DNA to RNA to protein c. protein to RNA to DNA
b. RNA to DNA to protein d. protein to DNA to RNA

182. What is a mutation?
a. change in a gene, either in DNA sequence of location
b. change in physical appearance of an organism
c. location of a gene on a chromosome
d. a deleterious change in the function of an organism

183. The gas present in highest concentration in a physical gill is
a. oxygen c. nitrogen
b. carbon dioxide d. carbon monoxide

184. To what order do the fishing flies called spinners, duns, drakes, and humpbacks refer?
a. Odonata c. Ephemeroptera
b. Plecoptera d. Trichoptera

185. Which of the following is NOT characteristic of ectoparasitic insects?
a. thick cuticle c. flattening of body
b. reduced sensory appendages d. aposematic coloration

Where would you be likely to find the following arthropods?
186. Dermatobia homins
a. under someone’s skin c. in someone’s house dust
b. in someone’s hair follicle d. in someone’s groin area

187. Demodex follicularum
a. under someone’s skin c. in someone’s house dust
b. in someone’s hair follicle d. in someone’s groin area

188. Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus
a. under someone’s skin c. in someone’s house dust
b. in someone’s hair follicle d. in someone’s groin area

189. Pthirus pubis
a. under someone’s skin c. in someone’s house dust
b. in someone’s hair follicle d. in someone’s groin area

190. Lymphatic filariasis is vectored by
a. mosquitoes b. Tsetse flies
b. fleas d. house flies

191. “PCR” stands for
a. polynucleotide copy reaction b. primer-controlled reiteration
c. polymerase chain reaction d. protein chain renaturation

192. “FIFRA” stands for
a. Fungicide and Insecticide Federal Responsibility Act
b. Federal Insecticide Fungicide and Rodenticide Act
c. Federal Insecticide and Fungicide Registration Act
d. Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Agency

193. “IAPV” stands for
a. Infectious Apis Paralysis Virus
b. Immunodeficiency-associated paralysis virus
c. Israeli Acute Paralysis Virus
d. Insect Acquired Paralysis Virus

194. “CCD” stands for
a. colony collapse disorder b. collapsing colony disability
c. collapsing cell disease d. continuous colony disappearance

195. “kdr” stands for
a. knockdown resistance b. killer disease resistance
c. kinase domain rearrangement d. kappa delta factor

196. “Bt” stands for
a. Bacteria thuringiensis b. Bacillus thuringiensis
c. Bacillus thurngensis d. Bacillis thuringiensis

197. “DDT” stands for
a. Dehydro-Dechloro-Trichloroethane
b. Deoxyribose Diphosphate Trichloride
c. Dichloro-Diphenyl-Trichloroethane
d. It doesn’t stand for anything—it’s just a chemical company code name

NOTE: ALL ANSWERS FOR THE NEXT THREE QUESTIONS WILL BE CONSIDERED CORRECT –NO POINTS WILL BE TAKEN OFF UNLESS YOU DON’T PROVIDE ANY ANSWER AT ALL

198. I’ve changed my perspective about insects because of this class
a. Yes, I agree b. No, I disagree

199. This is probably the only biology class I will take in college
a. Yes --I’m done with biology b. No—I would like to take more

200. I would have enjoyed this class more if the lecture hadn’t been at 8 am
a. True b. False (the time was irrelevant)