Entomology 105--Insects and People
First hour exam
February 18, 2000
1. black swallowtail caterpillar
3. a. primary
4. Many allergies to dust are allergies to dust mites, arthropods that share many proteins with insects. Since allergies to animals are often allergies to their proteins, you should avoid related animals.
5. a. tsukudani
b. mopane worms
c. gusanos de maguey
6. A witchety grub is a large caterpillar that feeds on the witchety shrub in Australia. This insect is a part of the diet of Aborigines.
8. grasshopper meat
10. Coccinellidae, Syrphidae, or Chrysopidae
12. Certain smaller spiders steal prey from the webs of the large Nephila spider.
13. Mantids consume frogs, lizards, birds and other small vertebrates. Belostomatids (giant water bugs) consume small fish and frogs. Horse fly maggots can kill frogs.
14. Odonata, Neuroptera, Araneida
15. False. Dissolved oxygen is at a higher percentage of total dissolved gases in water than air, but there is considerably less oxygen present in water compared to air.
17. immature mayfly
20. The use of maggots to clean dead tissue from wounds
23. The deliberate transmission of malaria to produce to high fevers to kill the spirochete that cause syphillis. Given a choice between advanced syphillis and malaria, most people would opt for the latter. Not used since the development of effective antibiotic treatments.
24. b. and c. are examples
27. low in B vitamins, hemoglobin hard to digest, clots easily
28. cattle grub, warble fly, bot fly, screwworm fly (all maggots)
30. Independent Assortment
32. Aedes aegypti, the yellow fever mosquito. Also, the Meditteranean fruit fly and the confused flour beetle.
33. Polymerase Chain Reaction
34. a. Theory of Natural Selection
c. Populations outgrow food supply
36. a. imago
d. dead imago
37. A gentleman's hatch is when the prey species targeted by the fish emerges near noon. Flyfishermen try to fish at the time of peak emergence, so during a gentleman's hatch the flyfisherman can sleep late, fish for a few hours around noon, and then make it back in time for a few lazy afternoon drinks, like a lazy gentleman.
38. Extremely long palps. Spots on wings. Feed abdomen up.
39. Walter Reed
40 a. Japan
b. in the water of used discarded tires
43. St. Louis encephalitis, LaCrosse fever
44. a. under the skin (in the muscle) of a human
b. in a facial hair follicle
46. a. region where all the agents for infection (vector, disease organism) are endemic
b. Middle East/Central Asia
47. a. Oriental rat flea
b. human flea
c. cat flea
48. a. (no nest for young)
49. quinine/antimalarials, insecticides
54. Bti (Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis)
56. The deliberate introduction of a non-economic organism that uses up critical resources of an economic pest.
59. trench fever, epidemic relapsing fever
60. high fever, excruciating headache, mental disorientation, red spots
66. 6th, 14th, and 19th centuries.
67. a. blow fly, bottle fly and flesh fly maggots
b. cheese skippers
c. demerstid beetles and tineid moths
68. Coleoptera, keratin
71. Small pieces of tissues or fluids can be recovered from insects in the vicinity of the victim to identify the victim or the offender.
72. Hymenoptera should be Diptera
73. The scarab appeared from dung (life from filth) and was one of the first insects to appear after the annual flood.
74. The vedalia beetle
76. a body louse