Department of Plant Biology, Department of Biochemistry, and

Center of Biophysics and Computational Biology

Chlorophylls and Bacteriochlorophylls

Biochemistry, Biophysics, Functions and Applications

Edited by

Bernhard Grimm, the Humboldt University in Berlin, Germany

Robert J. Porra, Plant Industry-Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Canberra, Australia

Wolfhart Rudiger, the University of Munich, Germany

Hugo Scheer, the University of Munich, Germany

[Series Editor: GOVINDJEE (]


Chlorophylls and Bacteriochlorophylls: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Functions and Applications. Chlorophylls are the most obvious natural pigments on Earth where they can be observed even from satellites in outer space: they also sustain life on Earth through their involvement in photosynthesis. With 37 authoritative chapters, this book reviews recent progress and current status of studies on the chemistry, metabolism and spectroscopy of chlorophylls, bacteriochlorophylls and their protein complexes. Also discussed is progress on the applications of the chlorophylls and bacteriochlorophylls as photosensitizers in photodynamic therapy of cancerous tumours, and as molecular probes in biochemistry, medicine, plant physiology, ecology and geochemistry. With the last book dedicated to chlorophylls published in 1991, and out of print since 1995, this book fills a gap by summarizing the chemical, physical, biological and medical aspects of chlorophyll and bacteriochlorophyll research and development, with a focus on the tremendous progress achieved over the past 15 years. The book is aimed equally at advanced students and at both novice and experienced researchers: each section has an up-to-date introductory overview which is followed by a series of concise well-focused and fully-referenced chapters written by experts in the (bio) chemistry, (bio)physics and photobiology of chlorophyll pigments and their applications in photomedicine.

*Announcement (See pdf file)

Contents (On this page)

*Contents (See pdf file)

*For further information, visit Springeronline site (Not yet available)

*Note: Members of the ISPR(International Society of Photosynthesis Research) receive 25% discount

*Book Reviews

* Flyer of Volume 25 for USA (See pdf file)

Flyer of Volume 25 for ROW (Rest of the World) (See pdf file)





Author Index

Color Plates


Part I: Structures, Chemistry, Analysis
1. An Overview of Chlorophylls and Bacteriochlorophylls: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Functions and Applications, pp. 1-26

Hugo Scheer

2. Synthesis, Reactivity and Structure of Chlorophylls, pp. 27-37

Mathias O. Senge, Arno Wiehe and Claudia Ryppa

3. Chlorophyll c Pigments: Current Status, pp. 39-53

Manuel Zapata, JoseL Garrido and S. W. Jeffrey

4. Unusual Tetrapyrrole Pigments of Photosynthetic Antennae and Reaction Centers: Specially-tailored Chlorophylls, pp. 55-66

Masami Kobayashi, Machiko Akiyama, Hideo Kise andTadashi Watanabe

5. [Heavy metal]-Chlorophylls Formed in Vivo During Heavy Metal Stress and Degradation Products Formed During Digestion, Extraction and Storage of Plant Material, pp. 67-77

Hendrik Kupper, Frithjof C. Kupper and Martin Spiller

6. Spectroscopy and Structure Determination, pp. 79-94

Masami Kobayashi, Machiko Akiyama, Hiromi Kano and Hideo Kise

7. Spectrometric Assays for Plant, Algal and Bacterial Chlorophylls, pp. 95-107

Robert J. Porra

8. Chlorophyll Analysis by New High Performance Liquid Chromatography Methods, pp. 109-121

JoseL. Garrido and Manuel Zapata

9. Large Scale Chlorophyll Preparations Using Simple Open-Column Chromatographic Methods, pp.123-131

Yuzo Shioi


Part II: Metabolism

10. Chlorophyll Metabolism, an Overview, pp. 133-146

Wolfhart Rudiger and Bernhard Grimm

11. Biosynthesis of 5-Aminolevulinic Acid, pp. 147-158

Samuel I. Beale

12. Transfer RNA-Dependent Aminolevulinic Acid Formation: Structure and Function Of Glutamyl-tRNA Synthetase, Reductase and Glutamate-1-Semialdehyde-2,1-Aminomutase, pp.159-171

Dieter Jahn, Jurgen Moser, Wolf-Dieter Schubert and Dirk W. Heinz

13. The Pathway from 5-Aminolevulinic Acid to Protochlorophyllide and Protoheme, pp. 173-188

Elena Yaronskaya and Bernhard Grimm

14. Biosynthesis of Chlorophylls a and b: The Last Steps, pp. 189-200

Wolfhart Rudiger

15. Bacteriochlorophyll Biosynthesis in Green Bacteria, pp. 201-221

Niels-Ulrik Frigaard, Aline Gomez Maqueo Chew, Julia A. Maresca and Donald A. Bryant

16. Involvement of Tetrapyrroles in Cellular Regulation, pp. 223-235

Christoph F. Beck and Bernhard Grimm

17. Chlorophyll Catabolites and the Biochemistry of Chlorophyll Breakdown, pp. 237-260

Bernhard Krautler and Stefan Hortensteiner

18. The Evolution of Chlorophylls and Photosynthesis, pp. 261-282

A. W. D. Larkum


Part III: The Native Environment

19. The Influence of Protein Interactions on the Properties of the Bacteriochlorophyll Dimer in Reaction Centers, pp. 283-295

James P. Allen and JoAnn C. Williams

20. Magic Angle Spinning Nuclear Magnetic Resonance of the Chlorosomes, pp. 297-307

Ido de Boer and Huub J. M. de Groot

21. Single Molecule Spectroscopy of Pigment Protein Complexes from Purple Bacteria, pp. 309-321

J. Kohler and T.J. Aartsma

22. Effects of Axial Coordination, Electronic Excitation and Oxidation on Bond Orders in the Bacteriochlorin Macrocycle, and Generation of Radical Cation on Photo-Excitation of in vitro and in vivo Bacteriochlorophyll a Aggregates: Resonance Raman Studies, pp. 323-335

Yasushi Koyama, Yoshinori Kakitani , Leenawaty Limantara and Ritsuko Fujii

23. Mapping the Global Ring Currents in Porphyrins and Chlorins, pp. 337-347

Erich Steiner and Patrick W. Fowler

24. Bacteriochlorophyll Protein Maquettes, pp. 349-363

Dror Noy, Christopher C. Moser and P. Leslie Dutton

25. Molecular Assembly of Bacteriochlorophyll Complexes Using Synthetic Light-Harvesting Model Polypeptides, pp. 365-373

Mamoru Nango

26. Reconstitution and Pigment Exchange, pp. 375-385

Harald Paulsen

27. Assembly of Model Bacteriochlorophyll Proteins in the Native Lipid Environment, pp. 387-396

Adela Garcia-Martin, Lee Gyan Kwa, Mathias von Jan, Neil C. Hunter and Paula Braun

28. Photosynthetic Functions of Chlorophylls, pp. 397-412

Alexander N. Melkozernov and Robert E. Blankenship

29. Excitation Energy Transfer Between (Bacterio)Chlorophylls-the Roleof Excitonic Coupling, pp. 413-430

Dieter Leupold, Heiko Lokstein and Hugo Scheer

30. Mechanisms of Carotenoid-to-Bacteriochlorophyll Energy Transfer in the Light Harvesting Antenna Complexes 1 and 2: Dependence on the Conjugation Length of Carotenoids, pp. 431-443

Yasushi Koyama and Yoshinori Kakitani

31. Electron Transfer in Photosynthetic Reaction Centers, pp. 445-459

Josef Wachtveitl and Wolfgang Zinth


Part IV: Applications

32. Chlorophyll Sensitizers in Photodynamic Therapy, pp. 461-483

Alexander S. Brandis, Yoram Salomon and Avigdor Scherz

33. Bacteriochlorophyll Sensitizers in Photodynamic Therapy, pp. 485-494

Alexander S. Brandis, Yoram Salomon and Avigdor Scherz

34. Metal-substituted Bacteriochlorophylls: Novel Molecular Tools, pp. 495-506

Roie Yerushalmi, Idan Ashur and Avigdor Scherz

35. Chlorophyll Fluorescence as a Reporter on in vivo Electron Transport and Regulation in Plants, pp. 507-519

Ladislav Nedbal and Michal Koblizek

36. Meeting the Challenge of Monitoring Chlorophyll in the Ocean from Outer Space, pp. 521-534

Andre Morel

37. Geochemistry of Chlorophylls, pp. 535-561

Brendan J. Keely



Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
2006, xxix+8 Color Plates+669 pp

Volume 25 in the series: Advances in Photosynthesis, Govindjee, series editor.

Book Review of the Entire Series

P.O. Box 17, 3300 AA Dordrecht, The Netherlands

Department of Plant Biology

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

265 Morrill Hall

505 S. Goodwin Ave

Urbana, IL61801, USA


Phone: (217) 333-1794

Fax: (217) 244-7246 


Prepared by Govindjee and Nanguo Yuan

12 May 2006