Nobel Prize Winners in
more info on all the nobel
laureates, click here).
and John E. Walker
(1997, Chemistry): Elucidation of enzymatic mechanism
underlying the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
(1992, Chemistry): Electron transfer theory: included application to
photosynthesis. [He was at UIUC, Urbana; had
attended my course in "Bioenergetics in Photosynthesis"; is
currently at Cal Tech in Pasadena,
and Johannes Deisenhofer
(1988, Chemistry): X-ray structure of bacterial reaction center. [Michel
has visited Urbana
several times and I have had many conversations with him before and after
his prize; I have casually met Deisenhofer, but never Huber. The work was
done at Munich, Germany.]
(1978, Chemistry ..to check): Oxidative and
photosynthetic phosphorylation: chemi-osmotic theory.[The work was done in England, UK]
(1965, Chemistry): Total synthesis of chlorophyll, vitamin B12, and other
natural products.[He was at Harvard
(1961, Chemistry): Carbon-di oxide assimilation
in photosynthesis.[The work was done at Berkeley; Professor Calvin is
known to me as he has visited UIUC, and, he is one of the two professors I
had applied to do PhD with; the person who discovered 14C (Martin Kamen),that was crucial for Calvin's experiments, is
known to me personally.]
(1938, Chemistry): carotenoids; vitamins [Germany]
(1937, Chemistry): Carotenoid structure; flavins; vitamin B2[Germany]
(1930, Chemistry): Chlorophyll chemistry; hemin
(1915, Chemistry): Chlorophyll purification and structure, carotenoids, etc.[Germany]
Those who worked in Photosynthesis, but only after their Prize
in another field
(1925, Physics): Electron-atom collisions; later developed the principle
known as the Franck-Condon principle; he later worked in photosynthesis;
my PhD advisor Eugene Rabinowitch did his
post-doctorate research with Franck on an effect known as the "cage effect"
in photochemistry. Franck was brilliant, but most of his ideas on
photosynthesis turned out to be wrong; he headed the Chemistry division of
the Manhattan project on the "Atom bomb" at Chicago; later, he
worked hard to get the US from not dropping the bomb in Japan.[ Work done
in Germany] I met Professor Franck only once in 1963.
(1931, Physiology and Medicine): The respiratory Enzyme. He worked on the
quantum yield of photosynthesis; discovered the role of chloride and
bicarbonate in the :"light reactions"
of photosynthesis, among many phenomena in the "dark reactions"
of photosynthesis. His PhD student Robert Emerson was my first PhD advisor
from Sept. 1956- Feb. 1959. Warburg was proven wrong in the quantum yield
controversy with Emerson. He visited UIUC before I went there.[ Work done in Germany] My current major reseach deals with the "bicarbonate effect",
discovered by Warburg.
(now Lord) George Porter,
(1967, Chemistry): Flash photolysis, among other systems, he studied
aromatic molecules and chlorophyll, energy transfer in photosynthesis and
primary photochemistry of photosynthesis in femtosecond-picosecond
time scale. [ Work done in England,
One of my major research areas deals with femtosecond-picosecond
spectroscopy in photosystem II reaction centers.
I have met Professor Porter several times and had pleasant conversations;
he has visited India.]