Directory of Useful Websites of Plant and Allied Sciences


M. Masroor A. Khan & Manzer H. Siddiqui

Department of Botany, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India


Hyungshim Yoo

Department of Plant Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA



Date of posting on the Web: March 10, 2008




It is an honor for me to be asked by Dr. Masroor Khan, of the Department of Botany of Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India, to write a Foreword for the 'Directory of Useful Websites of Plant & Allied Sciences' he has compiled with Manzer H. Siddiqui and Hyungshim Yoo. They deserve my highest praise for this monumental task, as it will greatly help all students and teachers who use it.

We are now living in an electronic age when research papers are being published 'ON LINE' first before hard copies are produced. When I review a research paper, I find almost all relevant papers on the topic of the paper right on the Internet; it makes it so much easier to review research papers. The Directory of websites produced by Dr. Khan and Dr. Siddiqui will provide a wonderful resource to students and teachers alike to find rather quickly (so to say at 'finger clicks' on their computer) knowledge about almost all the aspects of Plant Biology (Botany): classification, structure, and function, and their applications in Agriculture and Biotechnology.

I am fully aware of the time and energy it takes to produce a directory of this nature.I recommend it to all those interested in the study and teaching of Plant Biology.



265 Morrill Hall, MC-116

University of Illinois

Department of Plant Biology

505 South Goodwin Avenue

Urbana, IL 61801-3707, USA


Department of Plant Biology (

Department of Biochemistry (

Center for Biophysics and Computational Biology (

Program in Physiological and Molecular Biology (

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (

URL: <>





Education, Research and Development activities in Modern Biology and Biotechnology are extraordinarily information-dependent fields.The role of Botany and Plant Science are the basis for the development of Agriculture and Plant Biotechnology. Plants are a fundamental part of life on earth. They generate the oxygen, food, fibres, fuel and medicine that allow higher life forms to exist. Plants also absorb carbon dioxide, a significant greenhouse gas, through photosynthesis.Conservationists use botanical knowledge to help manage parks, forests, rangelands, and wilderness areas. Public health and environmental protection professionals depend on their understanding of plant science to help solve pollution problems.As with other life forms in biology, plant life can be studied from different perspectives, from the molecular, genetic and biochemical level through organelles, cells, tissues, organs, individuals, plant populations, and communities. At each of these levels, a botanist might be concerned with the classification (taxonomy), structure (morphology and anatomy) or function (physiology) of plant life.

The Internet is becoming an increasingly dependable source of information throughout the world and represents the biggest global network for information storage and sharing.The large amount of data generated in various forms is served through Internet, which has extraordinarily revolutionized communication and information technologies.It is the most important resource of information that can be accessed and shared by millions of people across the world.

Most of the world's university libraries, art galleries, museums, and syllabi of the courses, lecture notes, protocols, scientific journals and literature and other higher education resources are online.Anyone interested in a specific topic of a particular subject can find thousands of relevant web pages.

With the enormous growth in the number of websites, searching the sites relevant to Plant Science itself has become a major problem due to which one may spend hours in accessing the Internet without obtaining desired information.However, the present directory is a collection of a large number of useful websites related to Botany, Agriculture and allied fields. The directory has been prepared using the keywords alphabetically arranged.There are website titles that have more than one keyword. Additionally, there are two or more keywords for a single term. Therefore; the user should search the websites using different keywords.For example, 'Fungi' should also be checked in 'Mycology' and 'Ascomycetes' etc.Interestingly, some of the websites are not only the treasure of useful information but also contain several other extraordinarily relevant websites.An example of the same is 'Photosynthesis Page by Govindjee'<>.

The user may also go through the directory at leisure, mark out the relevant websites and download them when access to the Internet is available. In this way, the user may save considerable money and time spent on searching and browsing.However, if any of the websites included in this directory does not open, it may be under maintenance, and may be tried later.Sometimes the websites are withdrawn by their launchers.Obviously, in such a situation, the websites will not open at all.We are also planning to launch a website of the directory for the sake of convenience.A CD of the same is under preparation and can be obtained from the authors.

We are thankful to Mr. Mohd. Naeem, Mr. Mohd. Nasir Khan, Ms Minu Singh, Ms Shafia Nasir and Mr M. Idrees for their help in preparing this directory.We are also grateful to Prof Ainul Haque Khan, Chairman and Prof. Firoz Mohammad, Department of Botany, A.M.U. for their encouragement and moral support.Lastly, we wish to acknowledge the patronage of our teacher and mentor, Prof. M.M.R.K. Afridi, retired Head of Department and Dean, Faculty of Life Sciences for his constant help and his inspiration.

We are delighted to have Dr. Hyungshim Yoo (Email- coauthor this Directory.


M. Masroor A. Khan

Department of Botany

Aligarh Muslim University

UP-20 2002, INDIA

Manzer H. Siddiqui

Department of Botany

Aligarh Muslim University

UP-202002, INDIA







1.               Abies:Plant characteristics report for Picea abies:

2.               Abrus precatorius:Common names-rosary pea, crab's eyes:

3.               Abutilon:Common name- grandifolium, Hairy abutilon:

4.               Acacias at the Australian National Botanic Gardens:

5.               Academic Press - APNet Home Page, San Diego, USA:

6.               Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA:

7.               Access Excellence:

8.               Acta Botanica Sinica:

9.               Adenium 808's Homepage:

10.           Adenium Ailments:

11.           Adenium Picture Page:

12.           Adeniums:

13.           Aflatoxin:A fungus that crowds out its relatives and steals their food and space could prove to be an important ally to farmers battling aflatoxin across Arizona and Texas. (7/28):

14.           Aflatoxins:

15.           Ag Network inf. Centre:

16.           Agave americanaPassiflora - Passion Flowers:

17.           Agiculture chief notes agency's 50th:USDA secretary Ann Veneman celebrates ARS' 50th anniversary by noting the agency's scientific advances and breakthroughs that have improved the daily lives of people. (12/11):

18.           AGRICOLA (US National Agricultural Library's (NAL):

19.           Agricultural Engineering Societies International List:

20.           Agricultural Research

21.           Agricultural Research Centre of Finland:

22.           Agricultural Web

23.           Agriculture (Search any Topic)

24.           Agriculture and Agrifood Canada (AAFC Online):

25.           Agriculture and food: Related sites:

26.           Agriculture: Ag-Links (WWW Sites of Interest to Agriculture):

27.           Agriculture: AgNet - Australian Agriculture:


29.           AgriSurf! (guide to agriculture on the Internet):

30.           Agronet Services:

31.           Agronomy Research & Information Center, University of California:

32.           Alfalfa silage:Research clues from red clover and potato skins could help alfalfa silage--winter feed for many livestock--hang onto more protein.  (12/5):

33.           Alfalfa:A species of alfalfa called falcata thrives on the Northern
Plains--where other U.S.-grown varieties fizzle out.  (10/7)

34.           Algae -Freshwater Algae in Australia:

35.           Algae Home Page of the Department of Botany at the Smithsonian Institution:

36.           Algae- Listserv for phycologists:

37.           Algae, Bryophytes and Fungi:

38.           Algae, Fresh-Water:Australian Freshwater Algae:

39.           Algae: Home of the Fossil Coralline Algae (Corallinaceae: Rhodophyta):

40.           Algae: Information pertaining to algae:

41.           Algae: COST 49 Phycological Directory, Ireland:

42.           Algae: Culture Collections:

43.           Algae: Diatoms Literature Database, USA:

44.           Algae: International Society for Diatom Research:

45.           Algae: Michael R. Martin's Phytoplankton Image Library:

46.           Algae: Paleolimnology & Diatom Home Page, Botany Dept., Indiana University:

47.           Algae: Provasoli-Guillard National Center for Culture of Marine Phytoplankton:

48.           Algae: The Harmful Algae Page:

49.           Algae: University of Toronto Culture Collection of Algae and Cyanobacteria (UTCC):

50.           Algae:Catalogue of the Benthic Marine Algae of the Indian Ocean:

51.           Algae:Protoplankton & phytoplankton:

52.           Aligarh Muslim University (AMU):

53.           All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS):

54.           Allahabad University (AU):

55.           Allelopathy Research at the University of Savoie, France:

56.           Allergy Internet Resources:

57.           Alpine Field Station of Lautaret (Alpine Biology Research Center of Grenoble University FRANCE):

58.           Alpine Plants Societies by Duncan McAlpine, USA:

59.           Alpine-L, the Electronic Rock Garden Society:

60.           Amaryllis:Hundreds of full-blooming amaryllis are on display in a new exhibit at the ARS-operated U.S. National Arboretum in the nation's capital. (12/12):

61.           American Botanical Council:

62.           American Bryological Lichenological Society:

63.           American Journal of Botany (Europe and Asia):

64.           American Journal of Botany (North America):

65.           American Primrose Society:

66.           American Rose Society:

67.           American Seed Trade Association (ASTA), USA:

68.           American Society of Agronomy (ASA), the Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), and the Soil Science :Society of America (SSSA) Web Site:

69.           American Society of Plant Physiologists, USA:

70.           American Society of Plant Taxonomists:

71.           American Society of Plant Taxonomists:

72.           Amorphophallus titanum:

73.           Amorphophallus:

74.           An Introduction to Lichens:

75.           Anatomia Vegetal:

76.           Ancient Bristlecone Pine:

77.           Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG):

78.           Angiosperm Phylogeny Website:

79.           Animal research news:ARS posts the latest edition of its "Healthy Animals" newsletter.(1/30):

80.           Animal research update:The newest issue of ARS' online newsletter Healthy Animals is posted.(12/12):

81.           Anna University, Chennai:

82.           Annals of Botany, UK:

83.           Annual Flower Garden of Seppo Vesterinen, Finland:

84.           Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology:

85.           Annual Review of Ecology and Systematic:

86.           Annual Review of Genetics:

87.           Annual Review of Microbiology:

88.           Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology:

89.           Annual Reviews Inc. :

90.           Annual

91.           Annual Reviews: Biomedical Sciences:

92.           Anthurium Section Pachyneurium (ARACEAE):

93.           Antioxidant:Eggplant contains high levels of chlorogenic acid--an antioxidant that may protect the body's cells against oxidative damage. (1/8):

94.           Antirrhinum majus:

95.           Anti-rust kit:A new kit for detecting species of wheat rust--one of the crop's worst threats worldwide--relies on a form of rapid DNA testing. (6/16):

96.           Aphid and wheat:Previous research may pay off again--in helping wheat growers battle a new biotype of the destructive Russian wheat aphid. (4/8):

97.           Aphid spreading on soybeans:Researchers step up efforts against the first aphid to colonize U.S.soybean plants, which has spread as far west as South Dakota. (8/12):

98.           Applied Biology Leaf Identification, Illinois Schools Flora and Fauna Project, USA:

99.           Applied BotanyInstitute, University of Hamburg, Germany:

100.      Apricot trees sprouting quickly:Growers are jump-starting a new, early-ripening apricot on its way toward consumers' fruit bowls. (3/25):

101.      Apricot:New apricot trees sprouting quickly:Growers are jump-starting a new, early-ripening apricot on its way toward consumers' fruit bowls. (3/25):

102.      Apricot:The tasty apricot filling in your morning coffee cake might someday be made from "Nicole," a new gourmet variety. (8/25)

103.      Aquatic and Invasive Plants, University of Florida - Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences:

104.      Aquatic and Wetland Plant Forum:

105.      Aquatic Biology resources on the Internet:

106.      Aquatic Plant Image Library, Michael R. Martin's:

107.      Arabidopsis Book:

108.      Arabidopsis Information Management System (AIMS):

109.      Arabidopsis Information Resource (TAIR):

110.      Arabidopsis Information Resource (TAIR):

111.      Arabidopsis thaliana Database, Stanford University, USA:

112.      Arabidopsis thaliana Database:

113.      Arabidopsis: Nottingham Arabidopsis Stock Centre (NASC), UK:

114.      Arabidopsis: Yanofsky Lab, University of California, San Diego:

115.      Arboratum: Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA:

116.      Arboretum - Fullerton Arboretum, California State University, USA:

117.      Arboretum and City Park in Novorossiysk, Russia:

118.      Arboretum at Flagstaff, Arizona, USA:

119.      Arboretum blooms:Springtime visitors to the Nation's Capital have an uncrowded alternative to the traditional venues of the city's world-famous cherry blossoms. (2/26):

120.      Arboretum de Villardebelle, France:

121.      Arboretum Kichberg, Luxembourg:

122.      Arboretum national du Vallon de l'Aubonne (AAVA), Switzerland:

123.      Arboretum Stadt Freiburg (Germany):

124.      Arboretum Voleji Potok, Slovenia (Europe):

125.      Arboretum, The University of North Carolina at Wilmington, USA:

126.      Arboretum: John C. Gifford Arboretum, University of Miami - Florida, USA:

127.      Arboretum: Hebert Arboretum, Pittsfield, MA, USA:

128.      Arboretum: Hoersholm Arboretum, Institute of Botany, Dendrology and Forest Genetics, Denmark:

129.      Arboretum: Holden Arboretum, Kirtland, Ohio, USA:

130.      Arboretum: Holmdel Arboretum, Freehold, New Jersey, USA:

131.      Arboretum: Humber College Arboretum, Toronto, Canada:

132.      Arboretum: Blue Ridge Community College, USA:

133.      Arboretum: Cedar Valley Arboretum & Botanic Garden (Waterloo, Iowa, USA):

134.      Arboretum: Connecticut College Arboretum, USA:

135.      Arboretum: Cora Hartshorn Arboretum and Bird Sanctuary, Short Hills, New Jersey, USA:

136.      Arboretum: Cox Arboretum MetroPark, Dayton, Ohio, USA:

137.      Arboretum: Crosby Arboretum, Mississippi State University, USA:

138.      Arboretum: Currency Creek Arboretum, Adelaide, Australia:

139.      Arboretum: D.A. Murphy Panhandle Arboretum, University of Nebraska, USA:

140.      Arboretum: Dubuque Arboretum & Botanical Gardens at Marshall Park, Iowa, USA:

141.      Arboretum: Idaho State Arboretum, Pocatello, Idaho, USA:

142.      Arboretum: International Society of Arboriculture (ISA) On-Line:

143.      Arboretum: Kivik-Esperods Arboretet, Sweden:

144.      Arboretum: Morris Arboretum of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA:

145.      Arboretum: Mount Pisgah Arboretum, Eugene, Oregon, USA:

146.      Arboretum: National Arborist Association, USA:

147.      Arboretum: Nebraska Statewide Arboretum, USA:

148.      Arboretum: North Carolina Arboretum, USA

149.      Arboretum: Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University:

150.      Arboretum: Palmerton Arboretum, Roger River, Oregon, USA:

151.      Arboretum: Planting Fields Arboretum in Oyster Bay, New York (USA):

152.      Arboretum: Polly Hill Arboretum, West Tisbury, Massachusetts, USA:

153.      Arboretum: Rare Books and Artwork at The Holden Arboretum, Kirtland, Ohio, USA:

154.      Arboretum: Sherwood Fox Arboretum, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada:

155.      Arboretum: Sir Harold Hillier Gardens and Arboretum, Ampfield, UK:

156.      Arboretum: Strybing Arboretum & Botanical Gardens, San Francisco, California, USA:

157.      Arboretum: The Bartlett Arboretum (University of Connecticutt, Stamford, USA):

158.      Arboretum: The Dallas Arboretum, Dallas, Texas, USA:

159.      Arboretum: The Dawes Arboretum, Newark, Ohio, USA:

160.      Arboretum: The Morton Arboretum, Lisle, Illinois, USA:

161.      Arboretum: The University of Alabama in Huntsville Grounds and Arboretum (Huntsville, Alabama, USA):

162.      Arboretum: University of California, Santa Cruz Arboretum, USA:

163.      Arboretum: University of Central Florida Arboretum, USA:

164.      Arboretum: University of Guelph:

165.      Arboretum: University of Minnesota Landscape Arboretum, Chanhassen, USA:

166.      Arboretum:American College Arboretum, Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, USA:

167.      Arboretum: The United States National Arboretum:

168.      Arboretum's new exhibit:The U.S. National Arboretum has new exhibit on the highly specialized science of systematics and its impact on society. (7/28):

169.      Arborists Complete Professional Tree Care Service:

170.      Arborists: American Association of Amateur Arborists:

171.      Archive for Bryology:

172.      Arid Land:IALC, The International Arid Lands Consortium:

173.      Arid Zone Studies, University of Wales, Bangor, UK.:

174.      Arizona State University Lichen Herbarium:

175.      Arkansas Native Plant Society, USA:

176.      Arnica (Asteraceae) Type Specimen Database:

177.      Arthritis, diet and exercise:A regime of regular physical activity and a diet rich in nutrients can help people who suffer from rheumatoid arthritis. (7/16):

178.      Asa Gray Society, University of Michigan, USA:

179.      Ascomycete Research group, Oslo, Norway (ARON):

180.      Asian Freshwater Fungi:

181.      Aspirin and potato:Salicylic acid could help boost potato plants' sluggish defenses against pests and disease. (12/2):

182.      Assam Administrative Staff College (AASC):

183.      Association of State Training Institutions in India (ASTI):

184.      Astrobiology Web:

185.      Atropa belladona (deadly nightshade):

186.      Australian Journal of Botany:

187.      Australian Journal of Plant Physiology - An international journal of plant function:

188.      Australian National University Bioinformatics Hypermedia Service:

189.      Australian Society of Plant Physiologists:

190.      Australian Systematic Botany Society:

191.      Australian Systematic Botany:

192.      Azalea Society of America:

193.      Azaleas: Henning's Rhododendron and Azaleas Page:

194.      Azolla Page:


195.      B12 estimation:A new method has been developed for measuring vitamin B12 in foods anddietary supplements. (9/16):

196.      Bacteria for bugs:A new biological control may provide an important defense against several destructive insects. (12/24):

197.      Bacteria:New bacteria genus:A newly discovered genus of bacteria could aid scientists' search for ways to "deodorize" swine manure. (5/25):

198.      Bacterial Names (List) with Standing in Nomenclature:

199.      Bamboo Bibliographie of Jean Dupin, UK:

200.      Bamboo Garden at Foothill College, USA:

201.      Bamboo Society of Australia:

202.      Bamboo Society, Association Europeenne du Bambou:

203.      Bamboo:

204.      Bamboo:Stinger's Bamboo Links:

205.      Bamboo:The American Bamboo Society, USA:

206.      Bamboo: American Bamboo Society:

207.      Banaras Hindu University (BHU):

208.      Banglore University:

209.      Banking weed seeds:A "lending library" of weeds helps researchers pursue new ways for farmers to cope with the pests. (8/4):

210.      Bean Bag (WWW version from RBG Kew):

211.      Bean Bag from RBG Kew:

212.      Bean Bag Newsletter (Leguminosae/Fabaceae):

213.      Bean Evolution and Genetics, UC Davis, California, USA:

214.      Bean Project:

215.      Bean:A high-yielding line of pinto bean has unique resistance to pathogenic fungi that reside in soil. (10/21):

216.      BeanRef :

217.      Beet future sweet:Scientists are well their way to developing sugar beets with better vigor, sugar content, disease resistance and other traits. (4/12):

218.      Beet generation:A "new guard" of geneticists leads a genetic revolution in the sugarbeet industry. (4/1):

219.      Beetle:A foreign flea beetle could have potential for controlling skunk vine,a weedy vine that has invaded parts of the U.S. (10/8):

220.      Beetle:The first beetle--and first agricultural pest--to have is genes entirely sequenced will be the red flour beetle. (11/13):

221.      Bellevue Botanical Garden, Washington, USA:

222.      Berry bluebird:ARS received an early holiday present this week--a whimsical sculpture honoring ARS berry breeding in Beltsville, Md. (12/3):

223.      Berry Botanic Garde (Portland, Oregon, USA):

224.      Berry good news:Growers have started putting in orders for new blackberry cultivarsbred by ARS scientists. (10/2):

225.      Biblical Garden at Fair Haven, Vermont, USA:

226.      Bignoniaceae, Key to the family:

227.      Bignoniaceae: Alwyn H. Gentry Dataset:

228.      BioBlast CD ofNASA:

229.      BioBox, Finland (server for molecular biology): Biochemistry Chemistry of a specific process or art of living organisms:

230.      Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Molecular Biology (The World-Wide Web Virtual Library):

231.      BIOCISE, Biological Collection Information Service in Europe:

232.      BIOCISE, Biological Collections Identification Service for Europe:

233.      Biocontrol using bacteria:A gene-fingerprinting method may point the way to new strains of helpful bacteria that can naturally control the world's worst pest of soybeans. (3/5):

234.      Biocontrol:Enigma of the dying weed-eaters:Scientists unmask the mystery microbe responsible for killing good-guy weevils that help control water hyacinth. (4/16):

235.      Biocontrol:New insect research to help troops:ARS will seek new ways to protect U.S. armed forces from insect-borne disease--historically a greater cause than combat for taking troops out
of action. (4/23):

236.      Biocontrol:The Hessian fly's own saliva provides tantalizing genetic clues that could  lead to a new strategy for controlling this destructive pest of wheat. (10/17):

237.      Biocontrol:U.S. helps Scotland control ticks:Tactics developed by ARS are helping Scotland fight ticks that plague the Scottish red grouse. (4/22):

238.      Biodiversity and Conservation Biology, Royal Ontario Museum, Canada:

239.      Biodiversity and Conservation:

240.      Biodiversity and Conservation:

241.      Biodiversity and WORLDMAP (Natural History Museum, London):

242.      Biodiversity Conservation Information System:

243.      Biodiversity Data and the World Wide Web Prospects and Problems:

244.      Biodiversity Database Manager, BIOTA:

245.      Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International:

246.      Biodiversity in Boreal Forests:

247.      Biodiversity in Mexico:

248.      Biodiversity Information Managemenet System in Costa Rica:

249.      Biodiversity Information System (China):

250.      Biodiversity Information System (Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, CAS), P. R. China:

251.      Biodiversity Information System, Israel:

252.      Biodiversity Initiative, Nevada:

253.      Biodiversity Network:

254.      Biodiversity of the Australian Flora:

255.      Biodiversity of the Hengduan Mountains Region, PR China:

256.      Biodiversity of the Kuril Archipelago:

257.      Biodiversity on the Web, UK:

258.      Biodiversity Profile for Vietnam at WCMC:

259.      Biodiversity Research Home Page (Finland):

260.      Biodiversity resources in Belgium:

261.      Biodiversity: Illinois Natural History Survey: Center for Biodiversity (USA):

262.      Biodiversity: Costa Rica's National Biodiversity Institute Herbarium:

263.      Biodiversity: ECNC PROJECT: Methodology for an Assessment of Europe's Biodiversity:

264.      Biodiversity: Madagascar Biodiversity and Conservation,:

265.      Biodiversity: National Biodiversity Network, UK:

266.      Biodiversity: Specify Software Project - Biodiversity Collections Management:

267.      Biodiversity: The Neotropical Botany Pages: A Cooperative Information Center for Digital Documentation of Neotropical Plant Diversity:

268.      Biodiversity: WCMC - National Biodiversity Profiles:

269.      Biodiversity: World Biodiversity Database:

270.      BioImages - Virtual Field Guide, UK:

271.      Bioinformatics Institute, European:

272.      Biological Collection Access Service for Europe (BioCASE):

273.      Biological Control Home Page, Cornell University, USA:

274.      Biological data: TDWG Subgroup on Accession Data: Standards, Information Models, and Data Dictionaries for Biological Collections:

275.      Biological Diversity of the Guianas (BDG):

276.      Biological Information Browsing Environment (BIBE):

277.      Biological Resources:Australian Biological Resources Study, ABRS:

278.      Biological, Agricultural & Medical Sciences INFOMINE Search:

279.      Biologists Addresses:

280.      Biology (anatomy & physiology, biochemistry, botany, cell biology, evolution, genetics, marine biology, microbiology, molecular biology, structural biology, and zoology):

281.      Biology Data: IUBio Archive: biology data and software (Indiana University, USA):

282.      Biology Department of the Nova Scotia Agricultural College, Canada:

283.      Biology Department, Reed College, Portland, Oregon, USA:

284.      Biology Project:

285.      Biomass: BIOPAK -- Software for Computing Plant Biomass:

286.      BIOME:

287.      Biometeorology:International Society of Biometeorology:

288.      Biometry: International Biometric Society, Eastern North American Region (ENAR):

289. Newsgroup Archive:

290.      Biophotonics: a technology that uses light to mark molecular changes, is being tried as a tool for detecting salmonella infections in swine.(11/18):

291.      BIOSCI bionet Newsgroup Archives:

292.      BIOSIS:

293.      Biosphere Reserves in Australia (Parks, Reserves, Botanical Gardens:

294.      BioSystematica, software for electrophoretic analysis, UK:

295.      Biota of North American Program:

296.      Biotechnology and Space:By Professor M.A. and Nandini Pai (of the University of Illinois at Urbana).

297.      Biotechnology:Fungus + fiber = lycopene:A fungus may hold the key to a way to manufacture carotenoids from corn fiber and other leftovers from ethanol production. (3/29):

298.      Biotechnology:

299.      Biotechnology: National Center for Biotechnology Information (NDBI), USA:

300.      Biotechnology: National Center for Biotechnology Information Databases:

301.      Biotechnology:Clay + cotton = new textile:Clay and cotton combine to produce a brand-new textile material that offers increased heat tolerance and toughness. (4/6):

302.      Biotechnology:Feathers for fibers:ARS technology for turning chicken feathers into industrial fiber received an award at the "World's Best Technologies 2004" conference.(5/27):

303.      Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany, India:

304.      Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany:

305.      Bishop Museum - Hawaiian Flowering Plant Checklist Database:

306.      Blackwell Science Home Page, UK:

307.      Bloom River On-line Nursery:

308.      Blooming of the Titan Arum:

309.      Blue mold:ARS seeks an industry partner interested in mass-producing the agency's patented natural control for blue mold--the of Decay of stored apples (major cause) (8/8):

310.      Blyttia - the journal of the Norwegian Botanical Society (NBF):

311.      Burma Institute International Floral Design School Holland:

312.      Bogs:Flynn Bogs System, Texas:

313.      Bonsai Clubs International:

314.      Bonsai Primer, UK:

315.      Bonsai Web:

316.      Books:Backhuys Publishers - antiquarian and new books on general botany:

317.      Books:Balogh Scientific Books:

318.      Bose Institute, Kolkata:

319.      Botanic Garden at the University of Copenhagen, Denmark:

320.      Botanic Garden of Smith College and Lyman Plant House, Northampton, MA, USA:

321.      Botanic Garden of the Irkutsk State University, Russia:

322.      Botanic Garden, of USA:

323.      Botanic Garden, Siberia, Russia:

324.      Botanic Gardens Conservation International (BGCI), UK:

325.      Botanical Authors Database:

326.      Botanical Center, Montgomery, Florida, USA:

327.      Botanical Collectors Database, Harvard University Herbarium, USA:

328.      Botanical Database:Western Botanical Database Federation, USA:

329.      Botanical Dermatology Database (BoDD), UK:

330.      Botanical E-Journals:

331.      Botanical Electronic News:

332.      Botanical Exploration of the Mache-Chindul Mountains, Northwestern Ecuador:

333.      Botanical Field Techniques Compiled by R. Liesner, Missouri Botanical Garden, USA:

334.      Botanical Forest Products in British Columbia, Canada - An Overview:

335.      Botanical Frontier - Cultural History from Archives:

336.      Botanical Garden - Fukuoka City Zoological and Botanical Gardens, Japan:

337.      Botanical Garden and Arboretum, University of Nebraska - Lincoln USA:

338.      Botanical Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem Information Server, Germany:

339.      Botanical Garden and Museum, University of Oslo, Norway:

340.      Botanical Garden of the University of Ljubljana, Slovenia: (PassWord)

341.      Botanical Garden of the University of Vienna, Austria (Hortus Botanicus Vindobonensis - HBV):

342.      Botanical Garden Sjloens Heim near Valkenburg, The Netherlands:

343.      Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum of Florence (Firenze), Italy:

344.      Botanical Garden, University of Helsinki, Finland:

345.      Botanical Garden, University of Oslo, Norway:

346.      Botanical Garden, University of Oulu, Finland:

347.      Botanical Garden: Jerusalem Botanic Garden:

348.      Botanical Garden: Johannesburg Botanic Garden, South Africa:

349.      Botanical Garden: Kaunas Botanical garden, University of Lithuania:

350.      Botanical Garden: Photographic Collection of the Australian National Botanic Gardens:

351.      Botanical Garden: The National Botanic Garden of Wales:

352.      Botanical Garden: Botanical Garden: Missouri Botanical Garden Learning Network, USA:

353.      Botanical Garden:Botanischer Garten der Rheinischen Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitat:

354.      Botanical Garden: Botanischer Garten der Universitat des Saarlandes, Saarbrucken (Germany):

355.      Botanical Garden: Botanischer Garten der Universitat Dusseldorf, Germany:

356.      Botanical Garden:Botanischer Garten der Universitat Oldenburg, Germany:

357.      Botanical Garden: Botanischer Garten der Universitat Wien:

358.      Botanical Garden:Botaniska sallskapet i Stockholm - Stockholm Botanical Society, Sweden:

359.      Botanical Garden: Huntsville Botanical Garden, Alabama, UAS:

360.      Botanical Garden: Huntsville-Madison Botanical Garden (Alabama, USA):

361.      Botanical Garden: Internet Server Access from the Australian National Botanic Gardens:

362.      Botanical Garden: Maggie's Garden, Texas, USA:

363.      Botanical Garden: Mamiku Botanical Gardens - St.Lucia, West Indies:

364.      Botanical Garden: Marie Selby Botanical Gardens - Sarasota, Florida, USA:

365.      Botanical Garden: McKee Botanical Garden, Vero Beach, Florida:

366.      Botanical Garden: Missouri Botanical Garden Online Books, USA:

367.      Botanical Garden: Missouri Botanical Garden, Photo Essays:

368.      Botanical Garden: Montreal Botanical Garden:

369.      Botanical Garden: Mounts Botanical Garden, Florida, U.S.A.:

370.      Botanical Garden: Nanjing Botanical Garden, Memorial Sun Yat-sen, Jiangsu, P. R. China:

371.      Botanical Garden: Naples Botanical Garden, Florida, USA:

372.      Botanical Garden: National Tropical Botanical Garden (NTBG, USA):

373.      Botanical Garden: New Orleans Botanical Garden, USA:

374.      Botanical Garden:Petrozavodsk State University Botanic Garden (PSUBG), Karelia, Russia:

375.      Botanical Garden: South Carolina Botanical Garden, Clemson University, USA:

376.      Botanical Garden: University of Lecce, Italy:

377.      Botanical Garden:Australian National Botanic Gardens:

378.      Botanical Garden:Botanischer Garten der Universitat Erlangen-Nurnberg, Germany:

379.      Botanical Garden:Botanischer Garten der Universitat Osnabrueck, Germany:

380.      Botanical Garden:Botanischer Garten der Universitat Ulm, Germany:

381.      Botanical Garden: Botanischer Garten und Alpengarten Patscherkofel Universitat Innsbruck Austria:

382.      Botanical Garden: Botanisches Garten der Universitat Hohenheim, Germany:

383.      Botanical Garden:Botanisches Garten Universitat Leipzig, Germany:

384.      Botanical Garden:Christchurch Botanic Gardens, New Zealand:

385.      Botanical Garden:Daniel Stowe Botanical Garden, Belmont, North Carolina, USA:

386.      Botanical Garden:Directory of Australian Botanic Gardens & Arboreta:

387.      Botanical Garden:Guide to the Plants of the Bajo Calima Region, Colombia from the Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, USA:

388.      Botanical Garden:Hiroshima Botanical Garden, Japan:

389.      Botanical Garden:Joseph Dalton Hooker, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK:

390.      Botanical Garden:Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh Library: (password)

391.      Botanical Garden:Sheffield Botanical Gardens, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, UK:

392.      Botanical Garden:Talbot Botanic Garden, Malahide, Ireland:

393.      Botanical Garden:Tallinn Botanic Garden, Estonia:

394.      Botanical Garden: University of California Botanical Garden, Berkeley:

395.      Botanical Garden: Alpine Botanical Garden Juliana in Trenta Valley, Slovenia: (Password)

396.      Botanical Garden: Archives and Manuscripts, New York Botanical Garden, USA:

397.      Botanical Garden: Arizona Cactus Botanical Garden (Bisbee, AZ, USA):

398.      Botanical Garden: Australian Inland Botanic Gardens:

399.      Botanical Garden: Beijing Botanical Garden, P. R. China:

400.      Botanical Garden: Belize Botanic Gardens:

401.      Botanical Garden: Bergius Botanical Garden (Bergianska Botaniska Tradgarden) - Stockholm, Sweden:

402.      Botanical Garden: BG-Map Botanical Garden Mapping System:

403.      Botanical Garden: Birmingham Botanical Gardens & Glasshouses, UK:

404.      Botanical Garden: Birmingham Botanical Gardens, Alabama, USA:

405.      Botanical Garden: Boerner Botanical Gardens, Wisconsin, USA:

406.      Botanical Garden: Borde Hill Garden, Sussex, UK:

407.      Botanical Garden: Botanische Staatssammlung Muenchen (M) and Systematische Botanik der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen (MSB), Germany:

408.      Botanical Garden: Botanischer Garten der Universitat Bern (Switzerland):

409.      Botanical Garden: Botanisches Institut und Botanischer Garten der TU Braunscweig - Arbeitsgruppe Vegetationokologie (Germany):

410.      Botanical Garden: Brazilian Specimens, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew & Associacao Plantas de Nordeste:

411.      Botanical Garden: Brickmans Botanical Country Garden, UK:

412.      Botanical Garden: Brunei Checklist Project, from Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, UK:

413.      Botanical Garden: Cambridge University Botanic Garden, UK:

414.      Botanical Garden: Central Vancouver Island Botanical Garden Society (British Columbia, Canada):

415.      Botanical Garden: Checklist of the Rio Escalerete Reserve in Colombia, Missouri Botanical Garden:

416.      Botanical Garden: Chicago Botanic Garden (Illinois, USA):

417.      Botanical Garden: Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden, USA:

418.      Botanical Garden: Conservatoire & Botanical Garden of the City of Geneva, Switzerland:

419.      Botanical Garden: Cruickshank Botanic Gardens (Aberdeen, Scotland, UK):

420.      Botanical Garden: Databases at Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK:

421.      Botanical Garden: Denver Botanic Gardens Online Database, USA:

422.      Botanical Garden: Denver Botanic Gardens, Colorado, USA:

423.      Botanical Garden: Desert Botanical Garden, Phoenix, Arizona, USA:

424.      Botanical Garden: Durham University Botanic Garden Picture Library, UK:

425.      Botanical Garden: Fairchild Tropical Garden Botanical Resource Center, USA:

426.      Botanical Garden: Hubei, P. R. China:

427.      Botanical Garden: Missouri Botanical Garden:

428.      Botanical Garden: National Botanic Garden of Belgium:

429.      Botanical Garden: National Botanic Gardens Glasnevin, Dublin, Ireland: Botanical Institute, Kirstenbosch, Cape Town, South Africa:

430.      Botanical Garden: Olympic Park, Botanical Garden, Biodome, Montreal (Quebec, Canada):

431.      Botanical Garden: Quail Botanical Gardens, San Diego, California, USA (via AOL):

432.      Botanical Garden: Quail Botanical Gardens, San Diego, California, USA (via DDC):

433.      Botanical Garden: Quarryhill Botanical Garden, USA:

434.      Botanical Garden: Rimba Ilmu Botanic Garden, Malaysia:

435.      Botanical Garden: Riverbanks Zoo and Botanical Garden, Columbia, South Carolina, USA:

436.      Botanical Garden: Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney, Australia:

437.      Botanical Garden: Royal Botanical Gardens, Hamilton/Burlington, Ontario, Canada:

438.      Botanical Garden: Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew, Library Catalogue, UK:

439.      Botanical Garden: Royal Botanical Society, Belgium:

440.      Botanical Garden: Santa Barbara Botanic Garden, California, USA:

441.      Botanical Garden: Shaw Nature Reserve, Missouri Botanical Garden, USA:

442.      Botanical Garden: Shenzhen Fairy Lake Botanical Garden, Guangdong, P. R. China:

443.      Botanical Garden: Tel Aviv University Botanic Gardens:

444.      Botanical Garden: The Hawaii Botanical and Public Gardens, USA:

445.      Botanical Garden: The Idaho Botanical Garden (Boise, ID, USA):

446.      Botanical Garden: The Memorial University of Newfoundland Botanical Garden, Canada:

447.      Botanical Garden: The New York Botanical Garden, The Bronx, New York, USA:

448.      Botanical Garden: The North Carolina Botanical Garden, USA:

449.      Botanical Garden: The Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, UK:

450.      Botanical Garden: The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, United Kingdom:

451.      Botanical Garden: The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: Library Catalogue, UK:

452.      Botanical Garden: The State Botanical Garden of Georgia, USA:

453.      Botanical Garden: The University of Alberta, Devonian Botanic Garden, Canada:

454.      Botanical Garden: Tropical Botanical Garden, CAS, P. R. China:

455.      Botanical Garden: Tucson Botanical Gardens, Arizona, USA:

456.      Botanical Garden: University of British Columbia:

457.      Botanical Garden: University of Michigan Matthaei Botanical Gardens:

458.      Botanical Garden: University of Nijmegen Botanical Garden, the Netherlands:

459.      Botanical Garden: University of Wales Aberystwyth:

460.      Botanical Garden: Uppsala University Botanical Garden (Sweden):

461.      Botanical Garden: Utrecht University Botanic Gardens, The Netherlands:

462.      Botanical Garden: Ventnor Botanic Garden (Isle of Wight, UK):

463.      Botanical Garden: W.J. Beal Botanical Garden:

464.      Botanical Garden: Wellington Botanic Garden, New Zealand:

465.      Botanical Gardens in Croatia:

466.      Botanical Gardens of Vilnius University, Lithuania:

467.      Botanical Gardens, GA, USA:

468.      Botanical Gardens, University of Michigan (Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA):

469.      Botanical Glossaries:

470.      Botanical Illustrations, Smithsonian Institution :

471.      Botanical Image Database, University of Basel (Switzerland):

472.      Botanical Information Network (BOTNET), Noth Carolina, USA:

473.      Botanical Information System:Andean Botanical Information System (ABIS):

474.      Botanical Institute, University of Copenhagen, Denmark:

475.      Botanical Institute: Allgemeine Botanik und Pflanzenphysiologie, Botanisches Institut, Universitat Tubingen (Germany):

476.      Botanical Institute: Botanica Lithuanica:

477.      Botanical Inventory of Taiwan:

478.      Botanical Inventory of the Rio Escalerete Reserve in Colombia:

479.      Botanical Knowledge Base:

480.      Botanical Latin Translator:

481.      Botanical Links:

482.      Botanical Literature (American) Database:

483.      Botanical Magazine, Curtis:

484.      Botanical Museums, Natural History Museums, Herbaria:

485.      Botanical Names, Roots of:

486.      Botanical Notes, Maine, USA:

487.      Botanical Partners Nursery:

488.      Botanical Photo Archive, Keir's:

489.      Botanical Publications Database, Harvard University Herbaria:

490.      Botanical Research and Herbarium Information System (BRAHMS):

491.      Botanical Research Institute of Texas, USA:

492.      Botanical research organization (Spring, Texas, USA):

493.      Botanical Research: Dr. L. Michael Hill's Botanical Research:

494.      Botanical Science Division - The New York Botanical Garden, USA:

495.      Botanical Scientific Illustrations: Electronic Herbarium:

496.      Botanical Scrapbook by Adam White:

497.      Botanical Societies and Associations:

498.      Botanical Societies and International Botanical Organizations:Includes botany, gardening, horticulture, plant pathology, others:

499.      Botanical Society of America, USA:

500.      Botanical Society of America, USA:

501.      Botanical Society of South Africa:

502.      Botanical Society of the British Isles (BSBI):

503.      Botanical Society of Washington (DC):

504.      Botanical Training Programme (Tanzania):

505.      Botanical Training Programme (Tanzania):

506.      Botanical Type Collection Search Database, Department of Phanerogamic Botany, Swedish Museum of Natural History (S):

507.      Botanical Type Specimens of the CAS and DS Herbaria, USA:

508.      Botanik online (an online botany reader), Germany:

509.      Botanik online: Sammlung von Conjugaten-Kulturen (SVCK) Hamburg:

510.      Botanist:Andre Michaux, Explorer, Collector, Botanist, North Carolina, USA:

511.      Botanists' addresses of South Africa:

512.      Botanists of Ontario, Canada:

513.      Botany - Plant Biology (University of Oklahoma):

514.      Botany & Plant Biology-Related Electronic JournalsIndex:

515.      Botany (Form and Function):

516.      Botany (Past and Future):

517.      Botany Collection Managers Group, UK Systematics Forum:

518.      Botany Collections and Organizations:

519.      Botany Department, Eastern Illinois University, Charleston, USA:

520.      Botany Department, University of New England, Armidale, NSW, Australia:

521.      Botany Department, University of Western Cape, South Africa:

522.      Botany Dept Database:The Natural History Museum in London:

523.      Botany Focus on Species:

524.      Botany General Reference:

525.      Botany Images, Bishop Museum, Hawaii, USA:

526.      Botany Journal: Annales Botanici Fennici:

527.      Botany Newsgroup:

528.      Botany Online, The Internet Hypertextbook:

529.      Botany online:

530.      Botany Page by Toni Corelli, Botanist, California, USA:

531.      Botany Plant "Plant Biology":

532.      Botany Subject Guide, SLIS, University of Alberta:

533.      Botany, Introductory:California State University Stanislaus, USA, Fall 1996:

534.      Bowser the flavor checker:Dogs are sniffing pond water samples to alert scientists about off-flavors in catfish. (4/13):

535.      Boxerwoord Gardens (Lexington, Virginia, USA):

536.      Boxwood--now you can look it up:A new book on this evergreen, shrublike tree is the world's first authoritative illustrated guide to one of the most popular, hardy and useful plants. (6/4):

537.      Boyce Thompson Southwestern Arboretum, Phoenix, Arizona, USA:

538.      Britannica Encyclopedia:

539.      British Agricultural History Society, UK:

540.      British Antartic Survey Herbarium (AAS), Cambridge, UK:

541.      British Bryological Society:

542.      British Clematis Society:

543.      British Desmidieae by John Ralfs:

544.      British Mycological Society, UK:

545.      British Pteridological Society:

546.      Briza Publications:

547.      Bromeliaceae of Ecuador:

548.      Bromeliad Biota:

549.      Bromeliad Encyclopedia-Florida Council of Bromeliad Societies:

550.      Bromeliad Society International:

551.      Bromeliad Society, New England, USA:

552.      Bromeliflorae:

553.      Brooklyn Botanic Garden, USA:

554.      Brucella's goat:Researchers develop a test for detecting in bulk goat milk the pathogenBrucella melitensis, which can harm people and animals. (3/24):

555.      Bruns Lab, University of California at Berkeley:

556.      Bryological Association of South Eastern Europe:

557.      Bryology:

558.      Bryomonitor:

559.      Bryophyta:

560.      Bryophyta:

561.      Bryophyte Collection with Photographs:

562.      Bryophyte Ecology:

563.      Bryophyte Flora of North America:

564.      Bryophyte Names List at the Missouri Botanical Garden:

565.      Bryophytes & Lichens: Dutch Bryological and Lichenological Society (BLWG), The Netherlands:

566.      Bryophytes Page at the Department of Plant Biology at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, USA:

567.      Bryophytes, Swedish Museum of Natural History:

568.      Bryophytes: Japanese Mosses Checklist:

569.      Bryophytes: Moss Flora of Central America at the Missouri Botanical Garden:

570.      Bryophytes: British Bryological Society, UK:

571.      Bryophytes: North American Bryophyte Herbaria:

572.      Bryophytes: The International Association of Bryologists (IAB):

573.      Bryophytes: Bryological Glossary at the Missouri Botanical Garden:

574.      Bryophytes:Bryology at the Missouri Botanical Garden:

575.      Bryophytes: Checklist of Danish Mosses - Sphagnopsida, Andreaeopsida, and Bryopsida:

576.      Bryophytes of Colorado:

577.      Bulbophyllum, Austria:

578.      Buscaplantas, Spain:

579.      Butterfly Center - Calloway Gardens, Pine Mountain, Georgia, USA:

580.      Butterfly WebSite:


581.      Cacti : Henry Shaw Cactus Society, USA

582.      Cacti - Fresno Cactus and Succulent Society, California, USA:

583.      Cacti & Succulents of India:

584.      Cacti and other succulents:

585.      Cacti of the El Paso, Texas Region, USA:

586.      Cacti: BONAP Cactaceae Listing:

587.      Cacti: Brazilian Cacti Project:

588.      Cacti: British Cactus and Succulent Society, UK:

589.      Cacti: Cactussen en Vetplanten (Belgian Cactus Society):

590.      Cacti: Kaktus Austria:

591.      Cacti: Los Angeles Cactus and Succulent Society, USA:

592.      Cacti: Orange County Cactus and Succulent Society (California, USA):

593.      Cacti: Ralph Martin's Cacti and Succulents Page:

594.      Cacti: Serra Gardens Landscape Cacti and Succulents, California, USA:

595.      Cacti: Succulent Society of South Africa:

596.      Cacti: The Austrian Cactus Page:

597.      Cactus & Succulent Society of Maryland:

598.      Cactus & Succulent Society of the Philippines:

599.      Cactus and Succulent Plant Mall:

600.      Cactus and Succulent Societies:

601.      Cactus and Succulent Society of America:

602.      Cactus and Succulent Society of Hawaii:

603.      Cactus and Succulent Society of Malta:

604.      Cactus and Succulent Society of New Zealand:

605.      Cactus and Succulent Society of San Jose (California,USA):

606.      Cactus:Au Cactus Francophone: cactus et plantes succulentes;

607.      Calflora: California plant information:

608.      California Academy of Sciences WWW Server:

609.      California Arboretum Foundation - Arboretum News:

610.      California Exotic Pest Plant Council WebPage (Invasive plants):

611.      California Flora Database, USA:

612.      California Native Plant Society, USA:

613.      California Rare Fruit Growers, Inc.:

614.      California State University Fullerton Biological Science Home Page, USA:

615.      California State University Stanislaus - Botany 3700:

616.      Calories:Three new devices ease the task of measuring how many calories a person burns. (10/14):

617.      CalPhotos: California Plants & Habitats:

618.      Cal's Plant of the Week:

619.      Cambridge University Press - UK:

620.      Cambridge University Press - USA:

621.      Camellia: International Camellia Society (ICS):

622.      Camellia:Gainesville Camellia Society, USA:

623.      Camellias:

624.      Canadian Botanical Association - L'Association Botanique du Canada:

625.      Canadian Botanical Conservation Network:

626.      Canadian Botanical Specialists and Literature:

627.      Canadian Journal of Botany:

628.      Canadian Phytopathological Society - La Societe Canadienne de Phytopathologie:

629.      Carbon dioxide and crop growth:For at least some kinds of soil, how you till it affects how much carbon dioxide--and carbon's value for crop growth--is lost to the atmosphere. (3/8):

630.      Careers in Botany, USA:

631.      Carl W. Sharsmith Herbarium, Department of Biological Sciences, San Jose State:, USA

632.      Carnegie Institution of Washington, Department of Plant Biology (Stanford University, USA) :

633.      Carnegie Mellon University, Department of Biological Sciences - Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA:

634.      Carnivorous Plant FAQ :

635.      Carnivorous Plant FAQ (Venus Flytrap):

636.      Carnivorous Plants Online :

637.      Carnivorous Plants Page, by Barry-Meyers-Rice, Arizona, USA:

638.      Carnivorous Plants UK Forum:

639.      Carnivorous Plants: Australian Carnivorous Plant Society:

640.      Carnivorous Plants: Galleria Carnivora:

641.      Carnivorous Plants: Galleria Carnivora---a carnivorous plant photographic gallery:

642.      Carnivorous Plants: International Carnivorous Plant Society:

643.      Carnivorous Plants: Peter's Carnivorous Plant Page:

644.      Carotenoids in Photosynthesis: A Historical Perspective by Govindjee (1999):

645.      Casuarinaceae Nomenclature and Distribution:

646.      Cattle Genome

647.      Cells of organisms (Cell Biology):

648.      Center for Biology Education:

649.      Center for Genetic Resources and Biotechnology, Brazil:

650.      Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE):

651.      Central Library, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras:

652.      Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI):

653.      Cephaelis (Rubiaceae: Psychotrieae):

654.      CGIAR's System-Wide Information Network for Genetic Resources - SINGER, Washington, DC, USA:

655.      Chanticleer Garden, Pennsylvania, USA:

656.      Chenopodiaceae Listing, BONAP:

657.      Cherries blossom:A ceremonial tree-planting at the National Arboretum marks the 100th anniversary of USDA's first introduction of flowering cherry trees.(4/2):

658.      Cherries:Fresh Bing cherries may help people who suffer from gout and other arthritic inflammations. (5/7):

659.      Chestnut: American Chestnut Foundation:

660.      Chicken checker:ARS' automatic poultry inspection system is ready for its first long-term test in commercial processing plants. (10/15):

661.      Chicken Genome Map:

662.      Chile Pepper:

663.      Chinese Bulletin of Botany:

664.      Chinese herbal sciences and health resources directory from Rocky Mountain Herbal Institute, Hot Springs, Montana, USA:

665.      Chlamydomonas FAQ:

666.      Chlamydomonas Genetics Center at Duke University, USA:

667.      Chocolate and witches' broom disease:Scientists have found genetic markers for resistance to witches' broom, a disease plaguing cacao trees in South America. (2/10):

668.      Cholesterol--bad and worse:Some "bad" cholesterol particles are worse than others. (10/24):

669.      Choline online:With a new database, consumers and others can estimate daily dietary intake of the nutrient choline, important for fat absorption and a key neurotransmitter. (3/16):

670.      Chromium: Scientists develop a new, stable and absorbable form of chromium, an element involved in the transfer of sugar from the blood to muscles.(1/20):

671.      Chrysanthemum Centre, South Australia:

672.      Chrysanthemum:National Chrysanthemum Society (USA):

673.      Cicadas return:After a 17-year wait, billions of periodical cicada insects will soon emerge from the ground in the eastern U.S. (4/21):

674.      Cinnamon and blood sugar:Compounds from cinnamon may become key natural ingredients in new products aimed at lowering blood sugar levels. (4/19):

675.      Cinnamon lowers blood sugar:In a preliminary study reported today, less than a half-teaspoon of cinnamon per day reduced blood sugar levels in people with Type 2 diabetes. (11/21):

676.      CISB - Croatian Information Service for Biodiversity:

677.      Classification of flowering plants - Kare Bremer, Birgitta Bremer and Mats Thulin, 1997:

678.      Classification of Natural and Anthropogenic Vegetation in Madagascar.:

679.      Classification of Plants:

680.      Classification: Albrecht-von-Haller-Institut fur Pflanzenwissenschaften, Systematische Botanik, Georg-August-Universitat Gottingen (Germany):

681.      Clay + cotton = new textile:Clay and cotton combine to produce a brand-new textile material that offers increased heat tolerance and toughness. (4/6):

682.      Clematis Forum:

683.      Clematis on the Web:

684.      Clematis: International Clematis Society:

685.      Clematis:American Clematis Society:

686.      Clematis:British Clematis Society, UK:

687.      Climbers of Guyana, Key to Vegetation:

688.      Clusiaceae with a synopsis of the genus:

689.      Clusiaceae, Key to the family:

690.      Coastal Plants:California's Coastal Plants, USA:

691.      Cochin University of Science And Technology (CUSAT):

692.      Coffee genes:Carefully preserved genes from commercial coffee plants and their wild relatives might be keys to better cups of coffee in the future. (6/10):

693.      Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, USA:

694.      Collecting Permits Page:

695.      College of Agricultural Sciences, Penn State University, USA:

696.      College of Agricultural Sciences, University of Delaware, USA:

697.      Commisssion for Scientific and Technical Terminology (CSTT):

698.      Community of Science Web Server:

699.      Conifer Gallery:

700.      Coniferophyta-Coniferales:

701.      Conifers Forum:

702.      Conifers, University of Alabama:

703.      Conifers: American Conifer Society:

704.      Connecticut Botanical Society:

705.      Conservation Status Listing of Indian Plants at WCMC:

706.      Conservation: Information System on International Species Conservation - German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (Bundersamt fur Naturschutz, BfN):

707.      Conservation: Institute for Regional Conservation (IRC), Florida, USA:

708.      Conservation: CODA: software for nature conservation planning:

709.      Conservation: National Council for the Conservation of Plants and Gardens (NCCPG), UK:

710.      Conservation: National Parks and Conservation Association (NPCA), USA:

711.      Conservation: Pisces Conservation Ltd. Ecological Software:

712.      Conservation: The Idaho Conservation Data Center (CDC), USA:

713.      Conservation: The Indonesian Nature Conservation Database:

714.      Conservation: The Nature Conservancy Home Page, USA:

715.      Conservation: The World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC) ftp server:

716.      Conservation: US Department of Agriculture: Natural Resources Conservation Service:

717.      Conservation: Vietnam Botanical Conservation Program:

718.      Constancea, University of California Electronic Publications in Botany:

719.      Corn for the heart: Heart-friendlier cooking oil, margarine and salad dressing may be among benefits from new corn varieties. (8/15):

720.      Corn Growers Guidebook Compiled by Bob Nielsen, Purdue University in W. Lafayette, Indiana, USA:

721.      Corn:A novel research approach will compare differences in genetic diversity among wild maize, maize grown by Native Americans, and modern corn strains. (10/22):

722.      Corn's "neighborhood watch":For the first time, scientists prove that corn plants under attack by insects use chemical signals to stimulate early defense responses in neighboring plants. (3/26):

723.      Cotton bales:Replacing damaged ties on cotton bales is now simpler, and should reduce the chance that bales are rejected by mill customers--at a cost of about $8 to $36 million a year. (2/25):

724.      Cotton Database: Data Collection Site at the USDA ARS Southern Crops Research Laboratory, College Station, Texas, USA:

725.      Cotton DNA:A DNA-based tagging system that can trace U.S. cotton and textiles-- even after they're exported and re-imported--could be a critical factor in determining proper import tariffs. (2/23):

726.      Cotton gins:A new device for cotton gins cuts one source of noise by 80 percent, thus improving worker comfort and safety. (10/16):

727.      Cotton gins:Now being manufactured commercially is an ARS-invented machine vision system for automating cotton gins. (3/17):

728.      Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), New Delhi:

729.      Cow genes:Genetic measures for how easily a dairy cow gives birth--and how quickly she again becomes pregnant--are new information tools for livestock breeders. (9/25):

730.      Crape Myrtle (Lagerstroemia):

731.      Crape Myrtle Varieties and Descriptions:

732.      Cricket speed:Mormon crickets can "jog" about 1 1/4 miles a day--a finding that will help scientists predict where ranchers and farmers will have to guard against the destructive insects. (9/26):

733.      Crinum (Amaryllidaceae):

734.      Croatian Natural History Museum:

735.      Crop Physiology Laboratory, The Utah State University, USA:

736.      Crop Protection:The American Crop Protection Association:

737.      Cryptocoryne (Araceae):

738.      CSIRO Publishing, Australia:

739.      CSIRO Tropical Forest Research Centre, Australia:

740.      CSUBIOWEB - Images by Steven J. Wolf, California, USA:

741.      Cucurbit Network, USA:

742.      Cyanobacteria: Cyanosite - General Cyanobacterial Research Webserver at Purdue University, USA:

743.      Cyanobacteria:from UC Berkeley:

744.      Cyberbotanica: Plant Compounds and Chemotherapy by Lucy A. Snyder, USA:

745.      CyberFlora California:

746.      Cycad Pages, Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney, Australia:

747.      Cycad Photo Gallery:

748.      Cycad Society:

749.      Cycad Society:

750.      Cycads: Introduction to the Cycads:

751.      Cycads: The World of Cycads:

752.      Cymbidium Society of America:


753.      Dafodils: Northern California Daffodil Society, USA:

754.      Dafodils: American Daffodil Society:

755.      Dafodils: Kentucky Daffodil Society, USA:

756.      Dahlia - Fraser Valley Dahlia Society, Canada:

757.      Dahlia Society, Minnesota:

758.      Dahlia: John E. Stowell Dahlia Society:

759.      Dahlia: Greater Philadelphia Dahlia Society, USA:

760.      Dahlia: Michigan Dahlia Association, USA:

761.      Dahlia: Mid Island Dahlia Society:

762.      Dahlia: North West Dahlia Society, UK:

763.      Dahlia: Colorado Dahlia Society:

764.      Dahlia:Snohomish County Dahlia Society, USA:

765.      Dahlia: American Dahlia Society:

766.      Dahlia: Comox Valley Dahlia Society:

767.      Dahlia: Dahlia Society of Alabama:

768.      Dahlia: Doing Dahlias, Colorado Dahlia Society, USA:

769.      Dahlia: National Capital Dahlia Society, USA:

770.      Dahlia: Pacific Rim Dahlia Society:

771.      Dahlia: Portland Dahlia Society, USA:

772.      Dahlia: Puget Sound Dahlia Association:

773.      Dahlia: Quebec Dahlia Society, Canada:

774.      Dahlias for the home landscape:

775.      Dangerous Herbs:Belgian and European herb legislation/List of Safe and Dangerous Herbs and Mushrooms:

776.      Dar Wood's moss collection:

777.      Database of Indian FacultyINFLIBNET:

778.      Database: 'BABEL' - a Multi-Lingual database for the Vernacular Names of European Wild Plants:

779.      Database: Baltic Sea Region Statistical Database (BASICS): Biodiversity and nature protection:

780.      Database: Bean Genes Database:

781.      Database: BIFLORA Database of Plants, Hainan, P. R. China:

782.      Database: BioFinder Searchable Database:

783.      Database: Botanical and Horticultural Databases, Herbs, and Christmas Trees on the Web:

784.      Day Length for Various Latitudes:

785.      Daylilies Online - An extensive collection of high-resolution daylily photos maintained by Nick Chase.:

786.      Daylily Cultivation:

787.      Daylily Exchange, USA:

788.      Daylily Garden, Tennessee, USA:

789.      Delphinium Society:

790.      Delphiniums, New Zealand:

791.      Dendrochronology - Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow, and Landscape Research:

792.      Dendrochronology:Big Horn Mountains Dendrochronology, Utah, USA:

793.      Dendrology at Virginia Tech, USA:

794.      Department ofBiology, University of Central Florida, USA:

795.      Department ofBiology, University of Dalhousie, Halifax, Canada:

796.      Department ofBiology, University of Freiburg, Germany:

797.      Department ofBiology, University of Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada:

798.      Department ofBotany, University of Cape Town -South Africa:

799.      Department ofBotany, University of Georgia, Athens, USA:

800.      Department ofBotany, University of Guelph, Canada:

801.      Department ofBotany, University of Port Elizabeth, South Africa:

802.      Department ofBotany, University of Queensland, Australia:

803.      Department ofBotany, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA:

804.      Department ofBotany:California Academy of Sciences, USA: type specimens:

805.      Department ofHorticulture, Auburn University, Alabama, USA:

806.      Department ofPlant Biology, University of California; Davis, USA:

807.      Department ofPlant Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Campaign, USA:

808.      Department of Biological Sciences, Idaho State University, USA:

809.      Department of Biological Sciences, Kean College of New Jersey, USA:

810.      Department of Biological Sciences, Kent State University, Ohio, USA:

811.      Department of Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, USA:

812.      Department of Biological Sciences, Northern Illinois University, USA:

813.      Department of Biological Sciences, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, Texas, USA:

814.      Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, Canada:

815.      Department of Biological Sciences, University of California, Santa Barbara - USA:

816.      Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cincinnati, USA:

817.      Department of Biological Sciences, University of Exeter, UK:

818.      Department of Biological Sciences, University of Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada:

819.      Department of Biological Sciences, University of Waikato, New Zealand:

820.      Department of Biology , City University of Hong Kong,:

821.      Department of Biology, Central Michigan University (Mount Pleasant, USA):

822.      Department of Biology, Colby College, USA:

823.      Department of Biology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, USA:

824.      Department of Biology, Denison University, USA:

825.      Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Kochi University, Japan:

826.      Department of Biology, Florida, University of Miami, USA:

827.      Department of Biology, Imperial College of Science, Technology & Medicine, UK:

828.      Department of Biology, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, Virginia, USA:

829.      Department of Biology, La Sierra University, Riverside, California, USA:

830.      Department of Biology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, California, USA:

831.      Department of Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada:

832.      Department of Biology, Montana State University, Bozeman, USA:

833.      Department of Biology, Portland State University, Oregon, USA:

834.      Department of Biology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada:

835.      Department of Biology, University of Michigan, USA:

836.      Department of Biology, University of New Mexico, USA:

837.      Department of Biology, University of Oulu, Finland:

838.      Department of Biology, University of the South Tennessee, Sewanee, USA:

839.      Department of Biology, University of Trieste, Italy:

840.      Department of Biology, University of Waterloo, - Ontario, Canada:

841.      Department of Biology, Utah State University, Logan, Utah, USA:

842.      Department of Biology, Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, New York, USA:

843.      Department of Biology,Yale University, New Haven, Connecticutt, USA:

844.      Department of Biology:Gustavus Adolphus College, - Saint Peter, Minnesota, USA:

845.      Department of Biotechnology, Sindhu Mahavidyalaya:

846.      Department of Botany & Agricultural Biochemistry, University of Vermont, USA:

847.      Department of Botany & Plant Pathology, Purdue University, West Lafayette Indiana, USA:

848.      Department of Botany (BM), The Natural History Museum in London (UK)

849.      Department of Botany and Plant Pathology,Michigan State University, USA:

850.      Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside, USA:

851.      Department of Botany,University of Hawaii at Manoa USA:

852.      Department of Botany,University of Hong Kong:

853.      Department of Botany,University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada:

854.      Department of Botany, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA:

855.      Department of Botany, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel:

856.      Department of Botany, Illinois State Museum, Springfield, USA:

857.      Department of Botany, Iowa State University, Department of Botany, Ames, USA:

858.      Department of Botany, Miami University, Ohio:

859.      Department of Botany, North Carolina State University:

860.      Department of Botany, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, USA:

861.      Department of Botany, Stockholm University:

862.      Department of Botany, University College, Dublin, Ireland:

863.      Department of Botany, University of Concepcion, Chile:

864.      Department of Botany, University of Pretoria, South Africa:

865.      Department of Botany, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil:

866.      Department of Botany, University of Texas at Austin, USA:

867.      Department of Botany, University of Washington, Seattle, USA:

868.      Department of Botany, University of Zagreb, Croatia:

869.      Department of Botany, Washington State University, Pullman, USA:

870.      Department of Computer Science & Engineering, IITK:

871.      Department of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA:

872.      Department of Cryptogamic Botany, Swedish Museum of Natural History:

873.      Department of Ecology, Systematics and Evolution, Hebrew University, Israel:

874.      Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology Home Page, Mississippi State University, USA:

875.      Department of Horticulture, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA:

876.      Department of Horticulture, University of Arkansas, USA:

877.      Department of Life Sciences, National TsingHua University, Taiwan:

878.      Department of Life Sciences:Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Faculty of Natural Sciences,Israel:

879.      Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Massachusetts-Amherst, USA:

880.      Department of Plant Biology,Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, USA:

881.      Department of Plant Biology, Ohio State University, Columbus, USA:

882.      Department of Plant Biology, Southern Oregon University:

883.      Department of Plant Biology, University of California at Berkeley, USA:

884.      Department of Plant Biology, University of New Hampshire, Durham, USA:

885.      Department of Plant Pathology, Iowa State University, College of Agriculture, Ames, USA:

886.      Department of Plant Pathology, University of Arizona:

887.      Department of Plant Pathology, University of Minnesota, USA:

888.      Department of Plant Pathology, University of Nebraska at Lincoln, USA:

889.      Department of Plant Pathology, University of Wisconsin - Madison, USA:

890.      Department of Plant Pathology, Wheat Genetics Resource Center, Kansas State University, USA:

891.      Department of Plant Science, Winnipeg, University of Manitoba, Canada:

892.      Department of Plant Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Israel:

893.      Department of Plant Sciences, The University of Western Ontario, Canada:

894.      Department of Plant Sciences, University of Arizona, USA:

895.      Department of Pomology, UC Davis, USA:

896.      Department of Science & Technology, New Delhi (India), New Website:

897.      Department of Science & Technology, New Delhi (India):

898.      Department of Systematic Botany, Uppsala University, Sweden:

899.      Department of Systematics and Biodiversity, University of Bonn:

900.      Department of Systems Ecology,Stockholm University, Sweden:

901.      Department of Tropical Plant Sciences, James Cook University, Australia:

902.      Depression and folate:Evidence mounts that there's a connection between depression and low blood levels of the B vitamin folate. (4/7)

903.      Descanso Gardens, California, USA:

904.      Desert Native Plants Conservation Initiative, New Mexico, USA:

905.      Dianthus: American Dianthus Society (Gardenweb), USA:

906.      Dictionary of Biologists by Nathaniel C. Comfort, USA:

907.      Dictionary of Botanical Epithets, Chuck Griffith, USA:

908.      Dictionary of Botanical Words:

909.      Dictionary: BioTech's Life Science:

910.      Dioscorea: A New Species of Dioscorea from Costa Rica:

911.      Directory:CRC Dictionary of Agricultural Sciences: &pc=DNA Bank Database, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK:

912.      DNA of a grape destroyer:Genetic experts in California are sorting out who's who in the complex world of Xylella, a devastating microbial pest of grapes. (12/18):

913.      Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Open University (Dr. BRAOU):

914.      Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Regional Engineering College, Jalandhar:

915.      Dr. Fungus:

916.      Drug abuse and addiction:

917.      Duckweed:

918.      Duckweed:The Charms of Duckweed:

919.      Duke Bryology Lab:

920.      Dust busters:
Scientists are collecting new data on the makeup of dust in feedlots to aid efforts to protect air quality. (9/15):

921.      Dwarf trees, sooner:Scientists may have reduced the time for knowing whether an apple tree will grow to be a dwarf and resist diseases. (11/4):


922.      E. coli tests(New)coming:New tests being developed will more quickly identify dangerous strains of E. coli bacteria. (12/31):

923.      E. coli vaccine for cattle:Researchers are pinpointing where microbes called enterohemorrhagic E. coli O157:H7 lurk in calves, as part of en effort to develop an oral vaccine for cattle. (8/4):

924.      Eagle Hill Field Seminars, Humboldt Field Research Institute:

925.      Easter Lily (Lilium longiflorum):

926.      Easter Lily, Clemson Extension:

927.      Eccremocarpus (Bignoniaceae), William G. D'Arcy, Missouri Botanical Garden:

928.      Echinocereus Online by Martina und Andreas Ohr, Germany:

929.      Echinosteliales (Myxomycetes): an INTKEY Package:

930.      Ecocam Worldwide Images:

931.      Ecology & Evolution Community Archive at SunSite, USA:

932.      Ecology and Ecological Monographs:

933.      Ecology and Hydrology, UK:

934.      Ecology and Society Journl:

935.      Ecology WWW page:

936.      Ecology:The Institute of Freshwater Ecology, UK:

937.      Ecology: Amazonian Aquatic Ecology:

938.      Ecology: Canadian mirror of the List of WWW sites of interest to ecologists:

939.      Ecology: Canadian Scientists and Specialists from Ecological Monitoring and Assessment Network:

940.      Ecology: Ecological Software:

941.      Ecology: Ecology and Management of Invasive Plants Program, Cornell University, USA,

942.      Ecology: RAMAS Library of Ecological Software:

943.      Ecology: Research Institutions in Tropical Ecology:

944.      Ecology: The NERC Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Monks Wood, UK:

945.      Economic Botany (CEB), Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK:

946.      Economic Botany at Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, USA:

947.      Economic Botany Herbarium of Oakes Ames, Harvard University:

948.      Economic Botany Links, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK:

949.      Economic Botany: Society for Economic Botany - UK Chapter:

950.      Economic Botany: Society for Economic Botany (SEB):

951.      Economic Botany: Society for Economic Botany Editorial Offices:

952.      Economic Plants in GRIN (Agric. Handb. 505):

953.      Educational Media Research Center (EMRC):

954.      Educational Videotape Programs - Aquatic Plant Information Retrieval System at the University of Florida:

955.      Egg safety:Properly stored chicken eggs can be safely maintained beyond the sell-by date. (6/2):

956.      Eggplant scores high on antioxidant:Eggplant contains high levels of chlorogenic acid--an antioxidant that may protect the body's cells against oxidative damage. (1/8):

957.      Electronic rock and flow control:Concrete "pebbles" fitted with electronics can help scientists estimate how much rock and sediment gets swept into reservoirs by heavy streamflows that follow intense thunderstorms. (10/30):

958.      Elm Tress: - A Comprehensive site devoted to all Aspects of Elm Trees:

959.      Encarta Encyclopedia 2000:

960.      Encyclopedia Farm Animal

961.      Encyclopedia of Plants:

962.      Endangered Lichens:

963.      Endangered Plants, from the Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, USA:

964.      Endangered Plants: Australian Threatened Plants and Ecological Communities:

965.      Endangered Species Program:

966.      Endangered, Rare and Vulnerable Plants of the Republic of Georgia:

967.      Endemic Plants:Catalina's Endemic Plants:

968.      Entrez Taxonomy Browser:

969.      Environment: Aspects of Nature, National Survey on the Natural Environment, Japan:

970.      Environment: Australian Department of Environment and associated agencies:

971.      Environment: Ballerina (Baltic Sea Region On-Line Environmental Information Resources for Internet Access):

972.      Environment: Island Press's Eco-Compass: the Internet Guide to Environmental Information:

973.      Environment: Natural Environment by Country:

974.      Environment: Natural Environment by Subject:

975.      Environment: Natural Environment Research Council, UK:

976.      Environment: Quaternary Environments Network, Palaeovegetation:

977.      Environment: The study of organisms in marine and fresh-water environments (Marine Biology):

978.      Environment:United Nations Environment Programme, UNEP from Geneva, Switzerland:

979.      Environmental Botanists:International Society of Environmental Botanists, UIUC, USA:

980.      Environmental Organizations in Costa Rica and other Central American Countries:

981.      Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), USA:

982.      ePIC, the electronic Plant Information Centre, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew:

983.      Epiphyllum Society (California, USA):

984.      Epiphyllum:Backyard Jungle - The Ultimate Epiphyllum Site:

985.      Ericaceae of Ecuador:

986.      Erodible land:No-till crops like wheat and peas can be grown without undue erosion on land that has been rested in grass under USDA's Conservation Reserve Program. (1/27):

987.      Erodium:related with geranium family:

988.      EROS-AFO Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna Maps, US Geological Survey:

989.      Erythronium americanum in North Carolina, USA:

990.      Erythronium americanum:

991.      Erythronium:

992.      Erythroxylum Collection Database, Field Museum, USA:

993.      Eschscholzia: California Poppies and Their Relatives:

994.      Ethanol can cost less:Scientists show they can cut the cost of producing ethanol fuel by developing less expensive techniques for milling corn. (7/12):

995.      Ethnobiology and Conservation Team:

996.      Ethnobotanical Leaflets:

997.      Ethnobotanical Resource Directory:

998.      Ethnobotanical Seeds, Plants and Cacti:

999.      Ethnobotany and Economic Botany of the North American Flora:

1000.  Ethnobotany Garden:

1001.  Ethnobotany of Native America:

1002.  Ethnobotany of Pinyon Juniper Woodlands, compiled by Peter T. Hraber:

1003.  Ethnobotany:

1004.  Ethnobotany: Legendary Ethnobotanical Resources, USA:

1005.  Ethnobotany: University of Michigan, Laboratory of Ethnobotany USA:

1006.  Ethnobotany:American Indian Ethnobotany Database, University of Michigan:

1007.  Ethnobotany:Amy Greenwell Ethnobotanical Garden (Captain Cook, Hawaii, USA):

1008.  Ethnobotany:Pure Land Ethnobotanicals:

1009.  Ethnobotany:Second International Congress of Ethnobotany, 1997, Mexico:

1010.  Ethnobotany:Society of Ethnobiology:

1011.  Ethnobotany:TAC Ethnobotanicals:

1012.  Eucalypt Collaborative Data Set Project:

1013.  Eucalyptus of California, USA:

1014.  Euell Gibbons Biography:

1015.  Eulophidae, subfamilies: Entedoninae, Euderinae, and Eulophinae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea).:

1016.  European Journal of Plant Pathology:

1017.  European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) in Heidelberg, Germany:

1018.  European Nature Conservation Organizations:

1019.  European Science Foundation ESF Network in Systematic Biology:

1020.  European Topic Center for Nature Conservation (Paris, France):

1021.  Evolution:

1022.  Exotic fruit quality:A new procedure for preparing Hawaiian lychees and logans for shipment to the mainland U.S. doesn't harm the fruits' delightful texture and flavor. (5/4):

1023.  Exotic Plant Management in Redwood National and State Parks, USA:

1024.  Exotic Plants: Database of Exotic Plant Names and Distribution Information:

1025.  Expert Identification Systems:

1026.  Extension Forest Resources - University of Georgia, USA:


1027.  Fabacea:Bean Bag Newsletter (Leguminosae/Fabaceae):

1028.  Families of Vascular Plants, University of Toronto, Canada:

1029.  Farming near the Everglades:To aid Everglades restoration, scientists are developing new computer models to improve water management on farms. (8/21):

1030.  Farming without harming:One of ARS' largest research facilities has reduced pesticide use by 75percent by applying sustainable-ag research technology. (10/6):

1031.  Fast food--and calories--on the rise:Every day, about one-fourth of U.S. adults eat fast food and drink twice as many sugary soft drinks as those who don't eat fast food. (5/21):

1032.  Fast-food nutritional slowdown:A new study confirms kids' lower nutrient status on days when they consume fast food. (1/5):

1033.  Fauna and Flora: A Species Directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and its surrounding seas:

1034.  Fern: Hardy Fern Foundation, USA:

1035.  Fern:Small mite means big trouble for fern:A tiny mite that keeps Old World climbing fern under control in Australia could do the same against the weed in Florida. (7/7):

1036.  Fern:The American Fern Society:

1037.  Ferns of the Canberra Region (David and Christopher Nicholls, Australia):

1038.  Fertilizer:friend or foe?:Some fertilizers inhibit helpful root-dwelling fungi that help plants use water and nutrients while suppressing diseases. (5/6):

1039.  Fertilizer:Grain crop farmers who need to know how much nitrogen fertilizer to apply could save money--and protect the environment--by using an application method studied by ARS and cooperators. (6/29):

1040.  Fertilizing:A new sensing system scans corn plants across an entire field, allowing farmers to apply fertilizer where it's needed most. (12/15):

1041.  Filmy Ferns of South India:

1042.  Find a Story that ran in AR

1043.  Fire Effects Information System, FEIS:

1044.  Fish and Wildlife Service:

1045.  Flood irrigation:ARS research aims at forecasting ecological impacts of resuming flood irrigation on 2,000 acres of tribal land in Oregon. (11/5):

1046.  Flora & Fauna Books:

1047.  Flora and Fauna of the Great Lakes Region: A Multimedia Digital Collection:

1048.  Flora and Vegetation - Catalonia (Spain):

1049.  Flora and Vegetation - Israel, Department of Plant Sciences, Tel Aviv University:

1050.  Flora and Vegetation - New Caledonia:

1051.  Flora and Vegetation - Stintino Coast (Asinara Gulf) - North-West Sardinia, Italy:

1052.  Flora and Vegetation - The Tucson Mountains, Pima County, Arizona , USA:

1053.  Flora Borincana:

1054.  Flora Croatica Database - Bibliography:

1055.  Flora Croatica Database:

1056.  Flora Himalaya:

1057.  Flora ID Northwest - computerized keys for northwestern USA:

1058.  Flora Mesoamericana:

1059.  Flora of Australia Glossary:

1060.  Flora of Australia:

1061.  Flora of Bhutan Umbelliferae:

1062.  Flora of Ceylon Revision project :

1063.  Flora of Chile Project:

1064.  Flora of China Checklist and Distribution Maps (HTML):

1065.  Flora of China Home Page:

1066.  Flora of China Mirror, China:

1067.  Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea Project:

1068.  Flora of Europe - a photographic herbarium:

1069.  Flora of Florida Project:

1070.  Flora of Galicia, NW Spain:

1071.  Flora of Japan:

1072.  Flora of Karlsoy, N Norway:

1073.  Flora of Manitoba, Canada :

1074.  Flora of Missouri:

1075.  Flora of Napa County, California, USA:

1076.  Flora of Nepal:

1077.  Flora of New South Wales:

1078.  Flora of Pakistan:

1079.  Flora of Poland, Vascular Plants - Cumulative Index:

1080.  Flora of Steiermark (Austria) :

1081.  Flora of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago:

1082.  Flora of the Jatun Sacha Biological Station:

1083.  Flora of the Pacific Coastal Range of Northwestern Ecuador:

1084.  Flora of the Southeastern United States Project:

1085.  Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana - the Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, USA:

1086.  Flora of the Washington-Baltimore Area - DC Herbarium Specimen Query:

1087.  Flora of Tropical East Africa - information by RGB Kew, UK:

1088.  Flora of Zimbabwe:

1089.  Flora Ornamental Espanola - Spanish Ornamental Flora:

1090.  Flora Zambesiaca:

1091.  Flora: Jepson Flora Project:

1092.  Flora:Images de la Flore de France:

1093.  Flora: Missouri Flora Website, USA:

1094.  Flora:Muskoka Flora - An Annotated Checklist, Canada:

1095.  Flora: Societas pro Fauna et Flora Fennica (Finland):

1096.  Flora:Asian Flora:

1097.  Flora:Neoflora Database:

1098.  Flora:New York Flora Association:

1099.  Flora:Preliminary checklist of the flora of the Una Biological Reserve, Brazil:

1100.  Flora: American Floral Endowment Research Database Links:

1101.  Flora: Andrew N. Gagg's Photo Flora:

1102.  Flora: Arkansas Diversity - The Vascular Flora, USA:

1103.  Flora: Australian Flora and Vegetation Statistics, Australian National Botanic Gardens:

1104.  Flora: Baja California Islands Flora & Vertebrate Fauna Bibliography by Mary Campana, USA:

1105.  Flora: Beyond the French Riviera:

1106.  Flora: Bilder ur Nordens Flora - Pictures from "Nordens Flora":

1107.  Flora: Cape Flora Nursery:

1108.  Flora: Checklists of flora in Western United States by Michael Moore:

1109.  Flora: Den Virtuella Floran - Flora of Sweden:

1110.  Flora: Digital Flora of Texas:

1111.  Flora: Diversity, endemism and extinction in the flora and vegetation of New Caledonia:

1112.  Flora: Marine Flora of Bermuda:

1113.  Flora: Northeast Wetland Flora, USA:

1114.  Flora: SAXIFRAGA - European Flora Slides:

1115.  Flora: Texas Flora Checklist:

1116.  Flora: Texas Flora Consortium:

1117.  Flora: The Navasota Flora:

1118.  Flora: The Newsletter of the Indigenous Flora and Fauna Association :

1119.  Flora: The Organization for Flora Neotropica (OFN):

1120.  Flora: The riparian flora of the Oker river system (northern part of Germany):

1121.  Flora: Vascular Flora of Madison County, Texas, USA:

1122.  Flore de France:

1123.  Floriculture:Pinch of saltwater might not harm flowers:
California flower growers may get relief, thanks to scientists who are finding that some ornamental flowers can indeed flourish with water previously thought to be too salty. (8/2):

1124.  Florida Agricultural Information Retrieval System (FAIRS):

1125.  Florida Atlantic University - Department of Biology (Boca Raton, USA):

1126.  Florida Atlantic University Herbarium (USA):

1127.  Florida Botanical Gardens, USA:

1128.  Florida Council of Bromeliad Societies:

1129.  Florida Federation of Garden Clubs, Inc.:

1130.  Florida Plants Online Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA:

1131.  Floridata (an online photo reference of plants):

1132.  Floristic Information:Southeastern Regional Floristic Information System (SERFIS), University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, USA:

1133.  Floristic Resources Online:

1134.  Flower Delivery Flowers:

1135.  Flower Images by L. R. Fortney, Durham, NC, USA:

1136.  Flower pigment helps corn:Protecting corn crops with "flower power" is one of about 20 ARS presentations this week at the Phytochemical Society of North America's annual meeting. (8/11):

1137.  FlowerBulb Information Center, Netherlands:

1138.  Flowering Plant Families:

1139.  Flowering Plant Family Identification Key:

1140.  Flowering Plant Gateway (Texas A&M University Bioinformatics Group):

1141.  Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru, Missouri Botanical Garden:

1142.  Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru:

1143.  Flowers & Foliage Photo Library:

1144.  Flowers of the Madonna by Harold N.Moldenke, Co-author of Plants of the Bible:

1145.  Flowers:Maddog 'n' Miracles Flowers, USA:

1146.  Folate and Depression:Evidence mounts that there's a connection between depression and low blood levels of the B vitamin folate. (4/7):

1147.  Foliage-Vermont, USA:

1148.  Food & Nutrition Research Briefs:

1149.  Food & nutrition update:ARS posts the newest issue of its digest of food and nutrition research news. (7/30):

1150.  Food & nutrition update:The latest issue of ARS' quarterly Food & Nutrition Research Briefs is available. (2/2):

1151.  Food & nutrition:ARS expertise in an emerging technique for naturally fortifying six staple food crops will be a central part of a program launched to tackle malnutrition in developing countries. (10/31):

1152.  Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations:

1153.  Food and nutrition update:A new edition of Food and Nutrition Research Briefs is available.(10/31):

1154.  Food and nutrition update:ARS posts the latest issue of its quarterly digest of nutrition news.(5/17):

1155.  Food safety:More help on food safety could come from the world's largest online database on how food pathogens behave in response to environmental conditions. (2/9):

1156.  Food safety:USDA announces a unified agenda for food safety research. (11/19):

1157.  Food supply and safety:Many advances in food supply and safety have resulted from ARS' 50 years as the chief scientific research agency within the U.S. Department of Agriculture. (11/10):

1158.  Food Surveys

1159.  Forage Grasses of the Colorado Plateau Cold Desert, USA:

1160.  Forage Information System:

1161.  Foraging With the Wildman, wild edible and medicinal plants and mushrooms:

1162.  Forest Finland:

1163.  Forest Genetics - international journal on forest genetics:

1164.  Forest Genetics & Tree Breeding:

1165.  Forest History Society:

1166.  Forest Institute, Joensuu, Finland:

1167.  Forest Product (Non-timber)Database:

1168.  Forest: Australian Tropical Rain Forests Home Page:

1169.  Forest:A Comparison of the Structure and Composition of Montane and Lowland Tropical Forest in the Serrania Pilon Lajas, Beni, Bolivia:

1170.  Forestry Sciences Laboratory, Forest Mycology and Mycorrhiza Research Team, Corvallis, Oregon, USA:

1171.  Forestry:

1172.  Forests: History of Paleozoic Forests:

1173.  Forests: Edinburgh Centre for Tropical Forests, UK:

1174.  Forests: European Tropical Forest Research Network, ETFRN (from Germany):

1175.  Forests: Invasive Plant Research at Harvard Forest, USA:

1176.  Forests: Keys to Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants:

1177.  Forests: Rainforests, Diversity and Destruction:

1178.  Forests: Strybing Arboretum Cloud Forest Website:

1179.  Forests: Tama Forest Science Garden, Japan:

1180.  Forests: Temperate Deciduous Forest, Leaf Identification:

1181.  Forests: The Agaricales of Costa Rican Quercus Forests, USA:

1182.  Forests: The Alwyn H. Gentry Forest Transect Data Set:

1183.  Forests: Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute:

1184.  Forests: US Non Timber Forest Product Website:

1185.  Forests: WCMC - Forest Information Service, UK:

1186.  Forests: Canadian Forests:

1187.  Formidable Persuasion by Henry Loconte, a review of contemporary use of cladistics in plant systematics:

1188.  Formosan

1189.  Fossil and Modern Pollen Data:

1190.  Fossils:Louisiana Fossil Page by Paul V. Heinrich, USA:

1191.  Fossils:Mazon Creek Plant Fossils, Illinois, USA:

1192.  Freedom of Information of Act

1193.  Freshwater Ascomycetes and their Anamorphs:

1194.  Fruit Explorers (NAFEX):

1195.  Fruit Explorers Fig Interest Group Page:

1196.  Fruit flies:A new lure could increase the capture of Anastrepha fruit flies that attack many citrus and other crops in the Americas. (8/22):

1197.  Fruit fly battle:Scientists in Hawaii are leading the first successful effort to deal with exotic fruit flies that have long devastated the state's farms and gardens. (2/6):

1198.  Fruit fly fest:New goals and approaches for controlling fruit flies are a focus for scientific experts from more than 20 nations gathering next week in Fort Lauderdale, Fla. (5/14):

1199.  Fruit Key, CSUBIOWEB:

1200.  Fruit mold:A potent substance in cayenne peppers might someday help growers battle molds that attack strawberry, blueberry and grape crops.  (8/29):

1201.  Fruits and Vegetables Market Prices by Today's Market:

1202.  Fruits:Global fruit bank:Exotic peaches and plums from around the globe are safeguarded in a living treasury of these fruits. (4/26):

1203.  Fruits: Historic Fruit Images: The Small Fruits of New York:

1204.  Fuchsia:British Fuchsia Society:

1205.  Fungal Genetics Stock Center:

1206.  Fungal Organism Extensive

1207.  Fungi- Forest Mycology Team, USDA Forest Service:

1208.  Fungi - Forest Slime Moulds of New Zealand:

1209.  Fungi Images on the Net:

1210.  Fungi of Poland:

1211.  Fungi Perfecti:

1212.  Fungi, zoosporic:Anaerobic Zoosporic Fungi Station:

1213.  Fungi:

1214.  Fungi: Central New York Mycological Society (CNYMS) Newsletter, Mycology, Mushrooms, and Club News, USA:

1215.  Fungi: Chytrid Fungi Online:

1216.  Fungi: Classification Lab: Kingdom Fungi:

1217.  Fungi: Culture Collection of Basidiomycetes (CCBAS), Prague, Czech Republic:

1218.  Fungi: Danish Mycological Society (Foreningen til Svampekundskabens Fremme):

1219.  Fungi: Digital Exsiccate of Fungi - A joint project of the universities of Tubingen (Germany)and Gothenburg (Sweden):

1220.  Fungi: Forest Fungi:

1221.  Fungi: Fungal Biodiversity Center - Utrecht, The Netherlands:

1222.  Fungi: Internet Guide to Myxomycetes:

1223.  Fungi: Introduction to the Slime Molds:

1224.  Fungi: Korea Actinomycetes Network:

1225.  Fungi: Myko Web, USA:

1226.  Fungi: Natural Perspective, USA:

1227.  Fungi: New Zealand Fungi:

1228.  Fungi: Philippine Myxomycetes:

1229.  Fungi: Photo Gallery of Myxomycetes:

1230.  Fungi: Physarum Plus, slime molds:

1231.  Fungi: Puget Sound Mycological Society, Seattle, Washington, USA:

1232.  Fungi: Ralph's Finest Fungi, Michigan, USA:

1233.  Fungi: Studies of Neotropical Myxomycetes:

1234.  Fungi: Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory, Agriculture Research Service, USDA:

1235.  Fungi: Zoosporic Fungi Online:

1236.  Fungi:A new method detects the fungal cause of a major sugar beet disease even in plants that lack disease symptoms. (12/22):

1237.  Fungi:Building mold:When looking for toxic molds in buildings, environmental engineers generally test only for Stachybotrys fungi, but new findings suggest another possible source--fungi of the genus Myrothecium:

1238.  Fungi: 80,000 Strains of Actinomycetes, Yeast & bacteria:

1239.  Fungus + fiber = lycopene:A fungus may hold the key to a way to manufacture carotenoids from corn fiber and other leftovers from ethanol production. (3/29):

1240.  Fungus against bad bugs:A new fermentation tactic could overcome hurdles to commercializing a promising fungus that kills insect pests. (8/5):

1241.  Fungus Collections and Inf:

1242.  Future of agriculture:ARS looks to the future while marking its 50th anniversary as the USDA's chief scientific research agency. (11/3):


1243.  Gallica: French Libraries Early Literature:

1244.  Garden & Wildlife Matters Photo Gallery:

1245.  Garden and Botany Software Page by Laurence Hatch:

1246.  Garden and Forest: A Journal of Horticulture, Landscape Art and Forestry (1888-1897):

1247.  Garden Database, Japanes:

1248.  Garden Designer CD-ROM (Russia):

1249.  Garden Forever for Gardeners of All Ages and Abilities:

1250.  Garden Guide on Tulips:

1251.  Garden Guides, Resource for the Gardener:

1252.  Garden Net - The Ardent Gardener:

1253.  Garden Photo Tour, California, USA:

1254.  Garden Project:

1255.  Garden: Green Spring Gardens Park, Alexandria, Virginia, USA:

1256.  Garden:InfoGarden Plant Finders, New Zealand:

1257.  Garden:Alpine Garden:

1258.  Garden:Anderson Gardens, USA:

1259.  Garden:Augusta Golf & Gardens, Georgia, USA:

1260.  Garden:Calendar of Garden Events:

1261.  Garden:Elizabeth F. Gamble Garden, Palo Alto, California, USA:

1262.  Garden: Fairchild Tropical Garden, Coral Gables, Florida, USA:

1263.  Garden:Fitzroy Gardens, Melbourne, Australia:

1264.  Gardener's Journal:

1265.  Gardener's Net

1266.  Gardening & Horticulture:Australian Correspondence Schools:

1267.  Gardening Archive at the Lysator www site in Sweden:

1268.  Gardening Eye, China:

1269.  Gardening Tips & Assistance:

1270.  Gardening with The Garden Helper:

1271.  Gardening:

1272.  Gardening: Mediterranean Climate Gardening Throughout The World:

1273.  Gardening: Kitchen Gardening:

1274.  Gardening:Master Gardener Homepage - Texas A & M Horticulture:

1275.  Gardening: Master Gardener, Washington State University, USA:

1276.  Gardening: National Gardening Association, USA:

1277.  Gardening: Northern Gardening by Terry L. Yockey, USA:

1278.  Gardening: Northwest Louisiana Master Gardeners, USA:

1279.  Gardening: Pacific Northwest Gardening Home Page, USA:

1280.  Gardening: Rochester Gardening:

1281.  Gardening:American Community Gardening Association:

1282.  Gardening:Avant-Gardening: Creative Organic Gardening:

1283.  Gardening:Denver Master Gardener, gardening and horticulture:

1284.  Gardening:East Texas Piney Woods Gardening:

1285.  Gardening:Swedish meeting place for people interested in gardening:

1286.  Gardening: Allexperts Gardening Q&A: Top gardeners answer all your one-on-one gardening questions for free!:

1287.  Gardening: Container Herb Gardening for Beginners:

1288.  Gardens of Menton:

1289.  Gardens: Hodges Gardens, Park and Wilderness area, Louisiana, USA:

1290.  Gardens: Claude Monet's Garden (Giverny, France) :

1291.  Gardens: Longwood Gardens, PA, USA:

1292.  Gardens: Mary's Gardens HomePage:

1293.  Gardens: Red Butte Garden, University of Utah, USA:

1294.  Gardens: Rotary Gardens, Inc. (Janesville, Wisconsin, USA):

1295.  Gardens: Shaded Perennial Gardens:

1296.  Gardens: Sherman Gardens and Library Photo Tour, California, USA:

1297.  Gardens: Sonnenberg Gardens, Canandaigua, NY:

1298.  Gardens: Sunshine Farm & Gardens, Greenbrier County, West Virginia, USA:

1299.  Gardens: The National Garden, Washington D.C., USA:

1300.  Gardens: The Proven Winners Garden Site, USA:

1301.  Gardens: The Rock Garden Club Prague, Czech Republic (RGCP):

1302.  Gardens: The Ruth Bancroft Garden (Walnut Creek, California, USA):

1303.  Gardens: The Secret Garden (Floral Radiographs):

1304.  Gardens: Tropical Gardens of Maui (Hawaii, USA):

1305.  Gardens: Vancouver Island Rock and Alpine Garden Society:

1306.  Gardens: WebGarden - Ohio State University, USA:

1307.  Gardens:Clark Gardens, Mineral Wells, Texas, USA:

1308.  Gardens: Alfred B. Maclay State Gardens (Tallahassee, Florida, USA):

1309.  GardensOnLine Australia:

1310.  GardenWeb Plant Database:

1311.  GardenWeb:

1312.  Gene Bank (NGB), Sweden:

1313.  Genebank birthday:The first genebank solely for flowers is celebrating its second birthday this month and is taking its place among the 25 functional genebanks of the U.S. National Plant Germplasm System. (7/23):

1314.  Genera of the Rubiaceae - database of Elmar Robbrecht, Belgium:

1315.  Generic Tree Flora of Madagascar:

1316.  Genes for better bees:Breeding a better honey bee is the goal of scientists using recently created genomic data to speed the search for disease resistance and other traits. (2/3):

1317.  Genes of tomato microbe being unmasked:Researchers have preliminary findings about roles of the 5,500-plus  genesin a microbe that infects tomato plants--and whose close relatives infect many other crops. (8/18):

1318.  Genetic Resources and Benefit-Sharing - Common Policy Guidelines:

1319.  Genetic resources in agriculture:

1320.  Genetics and Tree Breeding (The World-Wide Web Virtual Library):

1321.  Genetics key to grape microbe:ARS and university scientists are hunting for genes that enable grapevines to fight a devastating microbe. (11/28):

1322.  Genetics:

1323.  Genetics:Bibliography of Genetic Variation in Natural Population:

1324.  Genome: Harvard Biological Laboratories Genome Research, USA:

1325.  Genomics Research: BIOSCI:

1326.  Genus of the Month:

1327.  Geobotanical Institute ETH Zurich, Herbarium, Switzerland:

1328.  Geobotanical Institute ETH Zurich, Switzerland:

1329.  Geographic Information Systems at the Missouri Botanical Garden:

1330.  Geological Survey Mapping Information: Geographic Names Information System (GNIS), USA:

1331.  Georgia Center for Urban Agriculture, University of Georgia, USA:

1332.  Georgia Native Plant Society:

1333.  Geranium:Culture Geranium Culture for Home Gardeners:

1334.  Geranium: International Geranium Society:

1335.  Geranium: The International Geranium Society:

1336.  Gesneriad Descriptions:

1337.  Gesneriad Reference Web:

1338.  Getting Brucella's goat:Researchers develop a test for detecting in bulk goat milk the pathogen Brucella melitensis, which can harm people and animals. (3/24):

1339.  Giant Hogweed: Noxious Weed Identification:

1340.  Giant Kelp - Macrocystis pyrifera:

1341.  Giant Pumpkins:

1342.  Ginkgo biloba (Ohio State), USA:

1343.  Ginkgo biloba: all aspects:

1344.  Ginkgoales, Introduction:

1345.  Giving fish a breather:An new device makes supplemental oxygen available to farm-raised catfish when they most need it. (8/7):

1346.  Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF):

1347.  Global Garden, Internet Gardening Magazine:

1348.  Global Gazetteer:

1349.  Global Herbarium Portal:

1350.  Global Plant Checklist Project (IOPI):

1351.  Global Pollen Database (GPD):

1352.  Global Taxonomy Initiative: