Miao G, Kaiyu G, Yang X, Bernacchi CJ, et al (2018) Sun-Induced Chlorophyll Fluorescence, Photosynthesis, and Light Use Efficiency of a Soybean Field from Seasonally Continuous Measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, AGU Publications (123) https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JG004180
Gomez-Casanovas N, DeLucia NJ, Hudiburg TW, Bernacchi CJ, Delucia EH (2018) Conversion of grazed pastures to energy cane as a biofuel feedstock alters the emission of GHGs from soils in Southeastern United States. Biomass and Bioenergy, (108) 312-322
Wolz KJ, Branham BE, and Delucia EH (2018) Reduced nitrogen losses after conversion of row crop agriculture to alley cropping with mixed fruit and nut trees. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment (258) 172-181.
Beerling DJ, Leake JR, Long SP, Scholes JD, Ton J, et al (2018) Farming with crops and rocks to address global climate, food, and soil security. Nature Plants https://doi.org/10.1038/s41477-018-0108-y
Joo E, Zeri M, Hussain MZ, DeLucia EH and Bernacchi CJ (2017) Enhanced evapotranspiration was observed during extreme drought from Miscanthus, opposite of other crops. Global Change Biology Bioenergy (9), 1306-1319 doi: 10.1111/gcbb.12448Carvalho JLN, Hudiburg TW, Franco HCJ,DeLucia EH (2017) Contribution of above- and belowground bioenergy crop residues to soil carbon. Global Change Biology, (9) 1333-1343, doi: 10.1111/gcbb.12411
Wolz KJ, Lovell ST, Branham BE, Eddy WC, Keeley K, Revord RS, Wander MM, Yang WH, and DeLucia EH (2017) Frontiers in alley cropping: Transformative solutions for temperate agriculture. Global Change Biology DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13986
Whitaker J, Field JL, Bernacchi CJ, Cerri CP, Ceulemans et al., Consensus, uncertainties and challenges for perennial bioenergy crops and land use. (2017) Global Change Biology, doi: 10.1111/gcbb.12488
Wolz KJ and DeLucia EH (2018) Alley Cropping: Global Patterns of Species Composition and function. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 252, 61-68. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2017.10.005Black CK, Masters MD, LeBauer DS, Anderson-Teixera KJ, Delucia EH (2017) Root volume distribution of maturing perennial grasses revealed by correcting for minirhizotron surface effects. Plant Soil, DOI 10.1007/s11104-017-3333-7.
Kantola IB, Masters MD, DeLucia EH (2017) Soil particulate organic matter increases under perennial bioenergy crop agriculture. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, Volume 113, 184-191
Khanna M, Wang W, Hudiburg TW, DeLucia EH (2017) The Social Inefficiency of Regulating Indirect Land Use Change due to Biofuels. Nature Communications (article) published 6/26/17 DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15513
Chamberlain SD, Groffman PM, Boughton EH, Gomez-Casanovas N, DeLucia EH, Bernacchi CJ, Sparks JD (2017) The impact of water management practices on subtropical pasture methane emissions and ecosystem service payments. Ecological Applications 27(4)
Joo E, Hussain MZ, Zeri M, Masters MM, Miller JN, Gomez-Casanovas N, DeLucia EH, and Bernacchi CJ (2016) The influence of drought and heat stress on long-term carbon fluxes of bioenergy crops grown in the Midwestern USA. Plant, Cell and Environment 39 pp. 1928-1940, doi: 10.1111/pce.12751
Black CK, Davis SD, Hudiburg TW, Bernacchi CJ, DeLucia EH(2016) Elevated CO2 and Temperature Increase Soil C Losses From a Soybean-Maize Ecosystem. Global Change Biology doi:10.1111/gcb.13378
Chamberlain SD, Gomez-Casanovas N, Walter MT, Boughton EH, Bernacchi CJ, DeLucia EH, Groffman PM, Keel EW and Sparks JP (2016) Influence of transient flooding on methane fluxes from subtropical pastures. AGU Publications Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, pp.965-977, doi:10.1002/2015JG003283
Gomez-Casanovas N, Hudiburg TW, Bernacchi CJ, Parton WJ, DeLucia EH(2016) Nitrogen deposition and greenhouse gas emissions from grasslands: uncertainties and future directions. Global Change Biology, Volume 22: 1348-1360 doi: 10.1111/gcb13187
Hudiburg TW, Wang WW, Khanna M, Long SP, Dwivedi P, Parton WJ, Hartman M, DeLucia EH (2016) Impacts of a 32-billion-gallon bioenergy landscape on land and fossil fuel use in the US. Nature Energy, Volume 1 pp1-7.
DeLucia EH (2016) Grasses better than Corn for Ethanol Production, says new study (Illinois Public Media News, Christine Herman)
Duval BD, Hartman M, Marx E, Parton WJ, Long SP, DeLucia EH(2015) Biogeochemical consequences of regional land use change to a biofuel crop in the southeastern United States. Ecosphere Volume 6 (12) Article 265
DeLucia EH (2015) How biofuels can cool our climate and strengthen our ecosystems. EOS 96, doi:10.1029/2015EO041583. Published on 22 December 2015.
Masters MM, Black CK, Kantola IB, Woli KP, Voight T, David MB, and DeLucia EH (2016) Soil nutrient removal by four potential bioenergy crops: Zea mays, Panicum virgatum, Miscanthus x giganteus and prairie. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment. Volume 216: 51-60
Miller AD, Dietze MC, DeLucia EH, and Anderson-Teixeira KJ (2015) Alteration of forest succession and carbon cycling under elevated CO2. Global Change Biology, doi: 10.1111/gcb.13077
Dwivedi P, Wang W, Hudiburg T, Deepak J, Parton W, Long S, DeLucia E, and Khanna M (2015) Cost of Abating Greenhouse Gas Emissions with Cellulosic Ethanol. Environmental Science Technology. Volume 49: 2512-2522 (see Larson article)
DeLucia EH, Gomez-Casanovas N, Greenberg JA, Hudiburg TW, Kantola IB, Long SP, Miller AD, Ort DR, and Parton WJ (2014) The Theoretical Limit to Plant Productivity. Environmental Science and Technology. Vol. 48: 9471−9477 dx.doi.org/10.1021/es502348e
Hudiburg TW, Davis SC, Parton W, and DeLucia EH (2014) Bioenergy crop greenhouse gas mitigation potential under a range of management practices.GCB Bioenergy. DOI: 10.1111/gcbb.12152
Zeri M, Hussain MZ, Anderson-Teixeira KJ, DeLucia EH, Bernacchi CJ(2013) Water use efficiency of perennial and annual bioenergy crops in central Illinois. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Volume 118: 581-589 doi:10.1002/jgrg.20052
Gomez-Casanovas N, Anderson-Teixeira KJ, Zeri M, Bernacchi CJ, and DeLucia EH (2013) Gap filling strategies and error in estimating annual soil respiration. Global Change Biology. Volume 19: 1941-1952 DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12127
Zangerl AR, Miresmailli S, Nabity P, Lawrance A, Yanahan A, Mitchell CA, Anderson-Teixeira KJ, David MB, Berenbaum MR, and DeLucia EH (2013) Role of arthropod communities in bioenergy crop litter decomposition. Insect Science. Volume 20: 671-678, DOI 10.1111/j.1744-7917.2012.01532.x
Nabity PD, Haus MJ, Berenbaum MR, and DeLucia EH (2013) Leaf-galling phylloxera on grapes reprograms host metabolism and morphology. PNAS Early Edition (www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1220219110)
Duval BD, Anderson-teixeira KJ, Davis SC, Keogh C, Long, SP, Parton WJ, DeLucia EH (2013) Predicting Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Soil Carbon from Changing Pasture to an Energy Crop. PLOS One Volume 8 (8) E72019.
Anderson-Teixeira KJ, Miller AD, Mohan JE, Hudiburg TW, Duval BD, DeLucia EH (2013) Altered dynamics of forest recovery under a changing climate. Global Change Biology (doi: 10.1111/gcb.12194)
Donovan MP, Nabity PD, DeLucia EH (2013) Salicylic acid-mediated reductions in yield in Nicotiana attenuata challenged by aphid herbivory. Arthropod-Plant Interactions, (7):45-52 DOI 10.1007/s11829-012-9220-5
Zavala JA, Nabity PD, DeLucia EH (2013) An Emerging Understanding of Mechanisms Governing Insect Herbivory Under Elevated CO2. Annual Review of Entomology, (58):79-97
Smith CM, David MB, Mitchell CA, Masters MM, Anderson-Teixeira KJ, Bernacchi CJ, DeLucia EH (2013) Reduced Nitrogen Losses after Conversion of Row Crop Agriculture to Perennial Biofuel Crops. Journal of Environmental Quality. Volume 42:219-228[News Coverage]
Anderson -Teixeira KJ, Masters MM, Black CJ, Zeri, M, Hussain MZ, Bernacchi CJ and DeLucia EH (2013) Altered Belowground Carbon Cycling Following Land-Use Change to Perennial Bioenergy Crops. Ecosystems (DOI: 10.1007/s10021-012-9628-x)
Photosynthesis Responses to Biotic Stress (Chapter 22) Terrestrial Photosynthesis in a Changing Enviromment: A Molecular, Physiological and Ecological Approach, ed. J. Flexas, F. Loreto and H. Medrano. Cambridge University Press 2012
Optical Methods for Investigation of Leaf Photosynthesis (Chapter 10) Terrestrial Photosynthesis in a Changing Enviromment: A Molecular, Physiological and Ecological Approach, ed. J. Flexas, F. Loreto and H. Medrano. Cambridge University Press 2012
Casteel CL, Segal LM, Niziolek OK, Berenbaum MR, DeLucia EH (2012) Elevated Carbon Dioxide Increases Salicylic Acid in Glycine max. Environmental Entomology 41 (6): 1435-1442 (DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/EN12196)
Nabity PD, Orpet R, Miresmailli S, Berenbaum MR, DeLucia EH (2012) Silica and Nitrogen Modulate Physical Defense Against Chewing Insect Herbivores in Bioenergy Crops Miscanthus x giganteus and Panicum virgatum (Poaceae). Journal of Economic Entomology 105(3):878-883 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/EC11424
Niziolek OK, Berenbaum MR, DeLucia EH (2012) Impact of elevated CO2 and increased temperature on Japanese beetle herbivory. Insect Science, (00):1-11 DOI 10.1111/j.1744-7917.2012.01515.x
Buckeridge MS, De Souza AP, Arundale RA, Anderson-Teixeira KJ, and DeLucia, EH(2012) Ethanol from sugarcane in Brazil: a 'midway' strategy for increasing ethanol production while maximizing environmental benefits. GCB Bioenergy, (4):199-126 doi: 10.1111/j.1757-1707.2011.01122.x
Delucia EH, Nabity PD, Zavala JA, Berenbaum MR (2012) Climate Change: Resetting Plant-Insect Interactions. Plant Physiology. Volume 160: 1677-1685
Nabity PD, Zavala JA, DeLucia EH (2012) Herbivore indication of jasmonic acid and chemical defences reduce photosynthesis in Nicotiana attenuata. Journal of Experimental Botany (doi:10.1093/jxb/ers364)
Anderson-Teixeira KJ, Duval BD, Long, SP, and DeLucia EH (2012) Biofuels on the landscape: Is "land sharing" preferable to "land sparing"? Ecological Applications, 22(8): 2035-2048
Casteel CL, Niziolek OK, Leakey ADB, Berenbaum MR, DeLucia EH ( 2012) Effects of elevated CO2 and soil water content on phytohormone transcript induction in Glycine max after Popillia japonica feeding. Arthropod-Plant Interactions, 6:439-447 (DOI 10.1007/s11829-012-9195-2)
Nabity PD, Hillstrom ML, Lindroth RL, DeLucia EH (2012) Elevated CO2 interacts herbivory to alter chlorophyll fluorescence and leaf temperature in Betula papyrifera and Populus tremuloides. Oecologia, 169: 905-913
Miresmailli S, Zeri M, Zangerl AR, Bernacchi CJ, Berenbaum MR, and DeLucia EH (2012) Impacts of herbaceous bioenergy crops on atmospheric volatile organic composition and potential consequences for global climate change. GCB Bioenergy (doi: 10.1111/j.1757-1707.2012.01189)
Hamilton J, Zangerl AR, Berenbaum MR, Sparks JP, Elich L, Eisenstein A, DeLucia EH (2012) Elevated atmospheric CO2 alters the arthropod community in a forest understory. Acta Oecologica, 43:80-85
Davis SC, Dietze MC, DeLucia EH, Field C, Hamburg SP, Loarie S, Parton W, Potts M, Ramage B, Wang D, Youngs H and Long SP (2012) Harvesting Carbon from Eastern US Forests: Opportunities and Impacts of an Expanding Bioenergy Industry. Forests, Volume 3: 370-397
Anderson-Teixeira KJ, Snyder PK, Twine TE, Cuadra SV, Costa MH, DeLucia EH (2012) Climate-regulation services of natural and agricultural ecoregions of the Americas. Nature Climate Change Letters (online publication) DOI 10.1038/NClimate1346 (News&Views, Hungate & Hampton)
Zeri M, Anderson-Teixeira KJ, Hickman G, Masters M, DeLucia EH, and Bernacchi CJ(2011) Carbon exchange by establishing biofuel crops in Central Illinois. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, Volume 144: 319-329
Davis SC, House JI, Diaz-Chavez RA, Molnar A, Valin H, DeLucia EH (2011) How can land-use modelling tools inform bioenergy policies? Interface Focus, Volume 1:212-223 doi:10.1098/rfs.2010.0023
Nabity PD, Zangerl AB, Berenbaum MR, DeLucia EH (2011) Bioenergy Crops Miscanthus x giganteus and Panicum virgatum Reduce Growth and Survivorship of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Journal Econ. Entomol, Volume 104(2): 459-464 DOI: 10.1603/EC10311
Davis SC, Parton WJ, Del Grosso SJ, Keough C, Marx E, Adler PR, and DeLucia EH (2011) Impact of second-generationa biofuel agriculture on greenhouse-gas emissions in the corn-growing regions of the US. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment (doi:10.1890/110003)
O'Neill BF, Zangerl AR, DeLucia EH, Casteel C, Zavala JA, Berenbaum MR (2011) Leaf Temperature of Soybean grown unidereleated CO2 increases Aphis glycines (Hemiptera: Aphididae) population growth. Insect Science, 1-7
Drake JE, Gallet-Budynek A, Hofmockel KS, Bernhardt ES, Billings SA, Jackson RB, Johnsen KS, Lichter J, McCarthy HR, McCormack ML, Moore DP, Oren R, Palmroth S, Phillips RP, Pippen JS, Pritchard SG, Treseder KK, Schlesinger WH, DeLucia EH, Finzi AC (2011) Increases in the flux of carbon belowground stimulate nitrogen uptake and sustain the long-term enhancement of forest productivity under elevated CO2. Ecology Letters, Volume 14:349-357
Do Biofuels life cycle analyses accurately quantify the climate impacts of biofuels-related land use change? March 2011 issue of Law Review
Drake JE, Davis SC, Raetz LM, and DeLucia EH (2011) Mechanisms of age-related changes in forest production: the influence of physiological and successional changes. Global Change Biology, Volume 17: 1522-1535
Anderson-Teixeira K and DeLucia EH (2011) The greenhouse gas value of ecosystems. Global Change Biology, Volume 17: 425-438
O'Neill BF, Zangerl AR, DeLucia EH, Berenbaum (2010) Olfactory Preferences of Popillia japonica, Vanessa cardui, and Aphis glycines for Glycine max Grown Under Elevated CO2. Environmental Entomology, Volume 39(4): 1291-1301
Drake JE, Raetz LM, Davis SC, DeLucia EH (2010) Hydraulic limitation not declining nitrogen availability causes the age-related photosynthetic decline in loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.). Plant, Cell and Environment, Volume 33, 1756-1766
Bilgin DD, Zavala JA, Zhu J, Clough SJ, Ort DR, DeLucia EH (2010) Biotic stress globally downregulates photosynthesis genes. Plant, Cell and Environment, Volume 33: 1597-1613
Gray SB, Dermody O, DeLucia EH (2010) Spectral reflectance from a soybean canopy exposed to elevated CO2 and O3. Journal of Experimental Botany, doi:10.1093/jxb/erq244
Eastburn DM, Degennaro MM, DeLucia EH, Dermody O, McElrone AJ (2010) Elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide and ozone alter soybean diseases at SoyFACE. Global Change Biology, Volume 16: 320-330
O'Neill BF, Zangerl AR, Dermody O, Bilgin DD, Casteel CL, Zavala JA, DeLucia EH, Berenbaum MR (2010) Impact of Elevated Levels of Atmospheric CO2 and Herbivory on Flavonoids of Soybean (Glycine max Linnaeus). Journal of Chemical Ecology, Volume 36: 35-45
McElrone AJ, Hamilton JG, Krafnick AJ, Aldea M, Knepp RG, DeLucia EH (2010) Combined effects of elevated CO2 and natural climatic variation on leaf spot diseases of redbud and sweetgum trees. Environmental Pollution, Volume 158: 108-114
Davis SC, Parton WJ, Dohleman FG, Smith CM, Del Grosso S, Kent AD, DeLucia EH(2010) Comparative Biogeochemical Cycles of Bioenergy Crops Reveal Nitrogen-Fixation and Low Greenhouse Gas Emissions in a Miscanthus X giganteus Agro-Ecosystem. Ecosystems, Volume 13: 144-156
Tang J, Zielinksi R, Aldea M, DeLucia E (2009) Spatial association of photosynthesis and chemical defense in Arabidopsis thaliana following herbivory by Trichoplusia ni. Physiologia Plantarum, Volume 137:115-124
Zavala JA, Casteel CL, Nabity PD, Berenbaum MR, DeLucia EH (2009) Role of cysteine proteinase inhibitors in preference of Japanese beetles (Popillia japonica) for soybean (Glycine max) leaves of different ages and grown under elevated CO2. Oecologia, Volume 161:35-41
Anderson-Teixeira KJ, Davis SC, Masters MD, DeLucia EH (2009) Changes in soil organic carbon under biofuel crops. GCB Bioenergy, Volume 1:75-96 doi: 10.1111/j.1757-1707.2008.01001.x
Bilgin D, DeLucia EH, Clough SJ (2009) A robust plant RNA isolation method suitable for Affymetrix GeneChip analysis and quantitative real-time RT-PCR. Nature Protocols, Volume 4, no. 3: 333-340
Nabity, PD, Zavala, JA, and DeLucia EH (2009) Indirect Suppression of Photosynthesis on Individual Leaves by Arthropod Herbivory. Annals of Botany, Volume 103:655-663(DOI 10.1093/aob/mcn127)
O'Neill BF, Zangerl AR, Casteel CL, Zavala JA, DeLucia EH, and Berenbaum MR (2008) Larval development and mortality of the painted lady butterfly, Vanessa cardui (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae), on foliage grown under elevated carbon dioxide. The Great Lakes Entomologist, Volume 41(1&2):103-110
Moore DJP, Gonzalez-Meler MA, Taneva L, Pippen JS, Kim HS, DeLucia EH (2008) The effect of carbon dioxide enrichment on apparent stem respiration from Pinus taeda L. is confounded by high levels of soil carbon dioxide. Oecologia Volume 158:1-10 (DOI 10.1007/s00442-008-1118-7)
Davis S, Anderson-Teixeira KJ, and DeLucia EH (2008) LIfe-Cycle analysis and the ecology of biofuels. Trends in Plant Science, Volume 14, No. 3:140-146
Drake J, Stoy P, Jackson RB, and DeLucia EH (2008) Fine-root respiration in a loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) forest exposed to elevated CO2 and N fertilization. Plant, Cell and Environment, Volume 31, 1663-1672
Bilgin D, Aldea M, O'Neill B, Benitez M, Li M, Clough S, and DeLucia EH (2008) Elevated Ozone Alters Soybean-Virus Interaction. MPMI, Volume 21(10): 1297-1308
Dermody, O, O'Neill, B, Zangerl, A, Berenbaum, M, DeLucia, EH (2008) Effects of elevated CO2 abd O3 on leaf damage and insect abundance in a soybean agroecosystem. Arthropod-Plant Interactions, Volume 2:125-135 (DOI 10.1007/s11829-008-9045-4)
O'Neill B, Zangerl, A, DeLucia, E, and Berenbaum, MR (2008) Longevity and Fecundity of Japanese Beetle (Popilla japonica) on Foliage Grown Under Elevated Carbon Dioxide. Environmental Entomology, Volume 37(2): 601-607
Zavala J., Casteel C., DeLucia E., Berenbaum M (2008) Anthropogenic increase in carbon dioxide compromises plant defense against invasive insects. PNAS, Volume 105; 5129-5133 [UPI and other media articles on this paper] (Correction for Zavala et al)
Casteel C, O'Neill B, Zavala, J, Bilgin DD, Berenbaum M, DeLucia EH (2008)Transcriptional profiling reveals elevated CO2 and elevated O3 alter resistance of soybean (Glycine max) to Japanese beetles (Popillia japonica). Plant, Cell and Environment, Volume 31; 419-434
DeLucia EH, Casteel C, Nabity P, O'Neill B (2008) Insects take a bigger bite out of plants in a warmer, higher carbon dioxide world. PNAS, Vol 105 (6) p. 1781-1782
Dermody O, Long S, McConnaughay K, DeLucia EH (2008) How do elevated CO2and O3 affect the interception and utilization of radiation by a soybean canopy? Global Change Biology, Vol. 14; 556-564
Knepp R, Hamilton J, Zangerl A, Berenbaum M, DeLucia EH (2007) Foliage of Oaks Grown Under Elevated CO2 Reduces Performance of Antheraea polyphemus (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) Environmental Entomology, Vol 36 (3):609-617
DeLucia E, Drake JE, Thomas RB, Gonzalez-Meler M (2007) Forest Carbon use efficiency: is respiration a constant fraction of gross primary production? Global Change Biology, Vol. 13; 1157-1167. This is an electronic version of an article published in Global Change Biology: Complete citation information for the final version of the paper, as published in the print edition of Global Change Biology, is available on the Blackwell Synergy online delivery service, accessible via the journal's website at http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/GCB or http://www.blackwell-synergy.com.
Aldea M, Frank TD, DeLucia EH (2006) A method for quantitative analysis of spatially variable physiological processes across leaf surfaces. Photosynthesis Research, Vol. 90; 161-172.
Schlesinger WH, DeLucia EH, Finzi AC, Hendrey GR, Hofmockel KS, Lichter J, Matamala R, Moore D, Oren R. Pippen JS, Thomas RB (2006) The Duke Forest FACE Experiment: CO2 Enrichment of a Loblolly Pine Forest. Managed ecosystems and CO2: Case studies, processes and perspectives. Ecological Studies, Vol. 187; Nösberger, J.; Long, S.P.; Norby, R.J.; Stitt, M.; Hendrey, G.R.; Blum, H. (Eds.); Springer Verlag, 459 p
Ort DR, Ainsworth EA, Aldea M, Allen DJ, Bernacchi CJ, Berenbaum MR, Bollero GA, Cornic G, Davey PA, Dermody O, Dohleman FG, Hamilton JG, Heaton EA, Leakey ADB, Mahoney J, Mies TA, Morgan PB, Nelson RL, O'Neil B, Rogers A, Zangerl AR, Zhu X-G, DeLucia EH, Long SP (2006) SoyFACE: the Effects and Interactions of Elevated [CO2] and [O3] on Soybean. Ecological Studies 18: 71-86. .
Prater MR, DeLucia EH(2006) Non-native grasses alter evapotranspiration and energy balance in Great Basin sagebrush communities Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 139:154â€“163
Aldea M, Hamilton JG, Resti JP, Zangerl AR, Berenbaum MR, Frank TD, and DeLucia EH (2006) Comparison of photosynthetic damage from arthropod herbivory and pathogen infection in understory hardwood saplings. Oecologia 149:221-232.
Dermody O, Long SP and DeLucia EH (2006) How does elevated CO2 or ozone affect the leaf-area index of soybean when applied independently? New Phytologist 169:145-155.
Finzi AC, Moore DJP, DeLucia EH, Lichter J, Hofmockel KS, Jackson RB, Kim H.-S, Matamala R, McCarthy HR, Oren R, Pippen JS, and Schlesinger WH(2006) Progressive nitrogen limitation of ecosystem processed under elevated CO2 in a warm-temperate forest. Ecology 87:15-25.
Moore, D.J.P., S. Aref, R.M. Ho, J.S. Pippen, J.G. Hamilton, and E.H. DeLucia (2006) Annual basal area increment and growth duration of Pinus taeda in response to eight years of free-air carbon dioxide enrichment. Global Change Biology 12:1367-1377. This is an electronic version of an article published in Global Change Biology 12:1367-1377, as published in the print edition of Global Change Biology, is available on the Blackwell Synergy online delivery service, accessible via the journal's website at http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/GCB or http://www.blackwell-synergy.com.]
Prater, M.R., D. Obrist, J.A. Arnone III, and E.H. DeLucia (2006) Net carbon exchange and evapotranspiration in postfire and intact sagebrush communities in the Great Basin. Oecologia 146:595-607.
Tang, J.Y., R.E. Zielinski, A.R.Zangerl, A.R. Crofts, M.R. Berenbaum, and E.H.DeLucia (2006) The differential effects of herbivory by first and fourth instars of Trichoplusia ni (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on photosynthesis in Arabidopsis thaliana. Journal of Experimental Botany 57:527-536.
Aldea, M., J.G. Hamilton, J.P. Resti, A.R. Zangerl, M.R. Berenbaum, and E.H. DeLucia (2005) Indirect effects of insect herbivory on leaf gas exchange in soybean. Plant, Cell and Environment 28:402-411.
DeLucia, E.H., D.J. Moore, and R.J. Norby (2005) Contrasting responses of forest ecosystems to rising atmospheric CO2: implications for the global C cycle. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 19:GB3006,doi:10.1029/2004GB002346.
DeLucia, E.H., O. Dermody, B. O'Neill, M. Aldea, J.G. Hamilton, A.R. Zangerl, A. Rogers, and M.R. Berenbaum (2005) Influence of elevated ozone and carbon dioxide on insect densities. Proceedings of the Illinois Crop Protection Conference. Pages 13-15, University of Illinois Extension, College of Agriculture, Consumer and Environmental Sciences.
DeLucia, E.H., D.J. Moore, J.G. Hamilton, R.B. Thomas, C.J. Springer and R.J. Norby (2005) The changing role of forests in the global carbon cycle: responding to elevated carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. In: Climate Change and Global Food Security, R. Lal, J. Duxbury, B.A. Steward and D.O. Hansen, eds., pp. 179-214. CRC Press.
Gog, L., M.R. Berenbaum, E.H. DeLucia, and A.R. Zangerl (2005) Autotoxic effects of essential oils on photosynthesis in parsley, parsnip, and rough lemon. Chemoecology 15:115-119.
Hamilton, J.G., O. Dermody, M. Aldea, A.R. Zangerl, A. Rogers, M.R. Berenbaum, and E.H. DeLucia (2005) Anthropogenic changes in tropospheric composition increase susceptibility of soybean to insect herbivory. Environmental Entomology 34(2):479-485.
Knepp, R.G., J.G. Hamilton, J.E. Mohan, A.R. Zangerl, M.R. Berenbaum, and E.H. DeLucia (2005) Elevated CO2 reduces leaf damage by insect herbivores in a forest community. New Phytologist 167(1):207-218.
Norby, R.J., E.H. DeLucia, B. Gielen, C. Calfapietra, C.P. Giardina, J.S. King, J. Ledford, H.R. McCarthy, D.J.P. Moore, R. Ceulemans, P. DeAngelis, A.C. Finzi, D.F. Karnosky, M.E. Kubiske, M. Lukac, K.S. Pregitzer, G.E. Scarascia-Mugnozza, W.H. Schlesinger, and R. Oren (2005) Forest response to elevated CO2 is conserved across a broad range of productivity. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102:18052-18056. [See what theoreticians say about this paper...]
Springer, C.J., E.H. DeLucia, and R.B. Thomas (2005) Relationships between net photosynthesis and foliar nitrogen concentrations in a loblolly pine forest ecosystem grown in elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide. Tree Physiology 25:385-394.
Zou, J., S. Rodriguez-Zas, M. Aldea, M. Li, J. Zhu, D.O. Gonzalez, L.O. Vodkin, E.H. DeLucia, and S.J. Clough (2005) Expression profiling soybean response to Pseudomonas syringae reveals new defense-related genes and rapid HR-specific downregulation of photosynthesis. MPMI 18:1161-1174.
Bidart-Bouzat, M.G., S. Portnoy, E.H. DeLucia, and K.N. Paige (2004) Elevated CO2 and herbivory influence trait integration in Arabidopsis thaliana. Ecology Letters 7:837-847.
Davey, P.A., S. Hunt, G.J. Hymus, E.H. DeLucia, B.G. Drake, D.F. Karnosky, and S.P. Long (2004) Respiratory oxygen uptake is not decreased by an instantaneous elevation of [CO2], but is increased by long-term growth in the field at elevated [CO2]. Plant Physiology 134:520-527.
Hamilton, J.G., A.R. Zangerl, M.R. Berenbaum, J. Pippen, M. Aldea, and E.H. DeLucia (2004) Insect herbivory in an intact forest understory under experimental CO2 enrichment. Oecologia 138:566-573.
Rogers, A., D.J. Allen, P.A. Davey, P.B. Morgan, E.A. Ainsworth, C.J. Bernacchi, G. Cornic, O. Dermody, F.G. Dohleman, E.A. Heaton, J. Mahoney, X.-G. Zhu, E.H. DeLucia, D.R. Ort, and S.P. Long (2004) Leaf photosynthesis and carbohydrate dynamics of soybeans grown throughout their life-cycle under Free-Air Carbon dioxide Enrichment. Plant, Cell and Environment 27:449-458.
DeLucia, E.H., D. Whitehead, and M.J. Clearwater (2003) The relative limitation of photosynthesis by mesophyll conductance in co-occurring species in a temperate rainforest dominated by the conifer Dacrydium cupressinum. Functional Plant Biology 30:1197-1204.
Corrigendum (2004) Functional Plant Biology 31:759.
DeLucia, E.H., M.H. Turnbull, A.S. Walcroft, K.L. Griffins, D.T. Tissue, D. Glenny, T.M. McSeveny, and D. Whitehead (2003) The contribution of bryophytes to the carbon exchange for a temperate rainforest. Global Change Biology 9:1158-1170.
George, K., R.J. Norby, J.G. Hamilton, and E.H. DeLucia (2003) Fine-root respiration in a loblolly pine and sweetgum forest growing in elevated CO2. New Phytologist 160:511-522.
Luo, Y., L.W. White, J.G. Canadell, E.H. DeLucia, D.S. Ellsworth, A. Finzi, J. Lichter, & W.H. Schlesinger (2003) Sustainability of terrestrial carbon sequestration: A case study in Duke Forest with inversion approach. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 17:1021.
Naik, V., D.J. Wuebbles, E.H. DeLucia, & J.A. Foley. (2003) Influence of geoengineered climate on the terrestrial biosphere. Environmental Management 32(3):373-381.
Obrist, D., E.H. DeLucia, and J.A. Arnone III (2003) Consequences of wildfire on ecosystem CO2 and water vapour fluxes in the Great basin. Global Change Biology 9:563-574.
Singsaas, E.L., D.R. Ort, & E.H. DeLucia (2003) Elevated CO2 effects on mesophyll conductance and its consequences for interpreting photosynthetic physiology. Plant, Cell and Environment 27:41-50.
Zangerl, A.R., M.R. Berenbaum, E.H. DeLucia, & J.K. Nitao (2003) Father, fruits and photosynthesis: pollen donor effects on fruit photosynthesis in wild parsnip. Ecology Letters 6:966-970.
DeLucia, E.H., K. George, and J.G. Hamilton (2002) Radiation-use efficiency of a forest exposed to elevated concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Tree Physiology 22:1003-1010.
Finzi, A.C., E.H. DeLucia, J.G. Hamilton, D.D. Richter, and W.H. Schlesinger (2002). The nitrogen budget of a pine forest under free air CO2 enrichment. Oecologia 132:567-578.
Hamilton, J.G., E.H. DeLucia, K. George, S.L. Naidu, A.C. Finzi, and W.H. Schlesinger (2002). Forest carbon balance under elevated CO2. Oecologia 131:250-260.
Maherali, H., B.L. Williams, K.N. Paige, and E.H. DeLucia (2002) Hydraulic differentiation of Ponderosa pine populations along a climate gradient is not associated with ecotypic divergence. Functional Ecology 16:510-521.
Nitao, J.K., A.R. Zangerl, M.R. Berenbaum, J.G. Hamilton, & E.H. DeLucia (2002). CNB: requiescat in pace? Oikos 98(3):540-547. (See counter-point article by Lerdau and Coley.)
Zangerl, A.R., J.G. Hamilton, T.J. Miller, A.R. Crofts, K. Oxborough, M.R. Berenbaum, and E. H. DeLucia (2002) Impact of folivory on photosynthesis is greater than the sum of its holes. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99:1088-1091.
DeLucia, E.H., J. Coleman, T. Dawson, and R. Jackson (2001) Plant physiological ecology: Linking the organism to scales above and below. New Phytologist 149:9-16.
Finzi, A.C., A.S. Allen, E.H. DeLucia, D.S. Ellsworth, and W.H. Schlesinger (2001) Forest litter production, chemistry, and decomposition following two-years of free-air CO2 enrichment. Ecology 82:470-484.
Hamilton, J.G., R.B. Thomas, and EH DeLucia (2001) Direct and indirect effects of elevated CO2 on leaf respiration in a forest ecosystem. Plant, Cell and Environment 24:975-982.
Hamilton, JG, AR Zangerl, EH DeLucia, MR Berenbaum (2001) Carbon nutrient balance hypothesis (CNB): Its rise and fall. Ecology Letters 4:86-95.
Hartz-Rubin, J.S. and E.H. DeLucia (2001) Canopy development of a model herbaceous community exposed to elevated atmospheric CO2 and soil nutrients. Physiologia Plantarum 113:258-266.
Maherali, H. and E.H. DeLucia (2001) Influence of climate-driven shifts in biomass allocation on water transport and storage in ponderosa pine. Oecologia 129:481-491.
E.L., D.R. Ort, and E.H. DeLucia (2001) Variation of photosynthetic quantum yield in
ecophysiological studies. Oecologia 128:15-23.
Arntz A.M., E.H. DeLucia, and N. Jordan (2000) Fitness effects of a photosynthetic mutation across contrasting environments. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 13:792-803.
Arntz A.M., E.H. DeLucia, and N. Jordan (2000) From fluorescence to fitness: variation in photosynthetic rate affects fecundity and survivorship. Ecology 81(9):2567-2576.
DeLucia, E.H. and R.T. Thomas (2000) Photosynthetic responses of four hardwood species in a forest understory to atmospheric [CO2] enrichment. Oecologia 122:11-19.
DeLucia, E.H., H. Maherali, and E.V. Carey (2000) Climate-driven changes in biomass allocation compromise the ability of pines to store atmospheric carbon. Global Change Biology 6:587-593.
H. and E.H. DeLucia (2000) Interactive effects of elevated
and temperature on water transport in ponderosa pine.
American Journal of Botany 87:243-249.
E.L., D.R. Ort, and E.H. DeLucia (2000) Diurnal regulation of photosynthesis in understory
saplings. New Phytologist 145:39-49.
E.H., R.B. Thomas, and J.K. Ward, editors. (1999) Critical assessment of the response of forest ecosystems
atmospheric carbon dioxide. Tree
Physiology (special volume) 19 (4/5):211-335.
DeLucia, E.H., et al. (1999) Net primary production of a forest ecosystem under experimental CO2 enrichment. Science 284:1177-1179.
Myers, D.A., R.B. Thomas, and E.H. DeLucia (1999) Photosynthetic responses of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) needles to experimental reduction in sink demand. Tree Physiology 19:235-242.
D.A., R.B. Thomas, and E.H. DeLucia (1999) Photosynthetic capacity of loblolly pine (Pinus
taeda L.) trees during the first year of carbon dioxide enrichment
forest ecosystem. Plant, Cell and Environment 22:473-481.
Naidu, S.L. and
E.H. DeLucia (1999) First-year
growth response of trees in an intact forest exposed to elevated
Global Change Biology 5:609-614.
Arntz, A.M., E.H. DeLucia, and N.
Jordan (1998) Contribution
of photosynthetic rate to growth and reproduction in Amaranthus
Carey, E.V., R.M.
E.H. DeLucia (1998) Increased photosynthesis offsets costs of allocation to
sapwood in an
arid environment. Ecology
DeLucia, E.H., T.W. Sipe, J. Herrick, and H. Maherali (1998) Sapling biomass allocation and growth in the understory of a deciduous hardwood forest. American Journal of Botany 85:955-963.
Naidu, S.L. and E.H. DeLucia (1998) Physiological and morphological acclimation of shade-grown tree seedlings to late-season canopy gap formation. Plant Ecology 138:27-40.
S.L., E.H. DeLucia, and R.B. Thomas (1998) Contrasting patterns
of biomass allocation in dominant and suppressed loblolly pine. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 28:1116-1124.
Delucia EH, Callaway RM, Thomas EM, and Schlesinger WH (1997) Mechanisms of Phosphorus Acquisition for Ponderosa Pine Seedlings under Hight CO2 and Temperature. Annals of Botany 79: 111-120
Carey, E.V., R.M. Callaway, and E.H. DeLucia (1997) Stem respiration of ponderosa pines grown in contrasting climates: implications for global climate change. Oecologia 111:19-25.
Heckathorn, S.A., E.H. DeLucia, and R.E. Zielinski. (1997) The contribution of drought-related decreases in foliar nitrogen concentration to decreases in photosynthetic capacity during and after drought in prairie grasses. Physiologia Plantarum 101:173-182.
H., E.H. DeLucia, and T.W. Sipe (1997) Hydraulic adjustment of maple saplings to canopy gap
formation. Oecologia 112:472-480.
Naidu, S.L. and E.H. DeLucia (1997) Acclimation of shade-developed leaves on saplings exposed to late-season canopy gaps. Tree Physiology 17:367-376.
S.L. and E.H. DeLucia (1997) Growth, allocation and water relations of shade-grown Quercus
rubra L. saplings exposed to a late-season canopy gap.
Annals of Botany 80:335-344.
W.K., T.C. Vogelmann, E.H. DeLucia, D.T. Bell, and K.A. Shepherd (1997) Leaf form and
DeLucia E, Nelson K, Vogelmann TC, and Smith WK (1996) Contribution of intercellular reflectance to photosynthesis in shade leaves. Plant, Cell and Environment, Volume 19, 159-170
R.M., E.H. DeLucia, D. Moore, R. Nowak, and W.H. Schlesinger (1996) Competition and
facilitation: contrasting effects of Artemisia
tridentata on desert vs. montane pines.
E.V., E.H. DeLucia, and J.T. Ball (1996) Stem maintenance and construction respiration in Pinus
in different concentrations of
E.H (1996) Tropical forest canopies. Book
review of Lowman and Nadkarini. Forest
Press. Ecology 77:1645
DeLucia, E.H., K. Nelson, and T.C. Vogelmann (1996) Contribution of internal reflectance to light absorption and photosynthesis of shade leaves. Plant, Cell and Environment 19:159-170.
S.A. and E.H. DeLucia (1996) Potential benefits of drought-induced retranslocation of
to rhizomes and roots in perennial prairie grasses. Functional
DeLucia, E.H. and W.H. Schlesinger (1995) Photosynthetic rates and nutrient-use efficiency among evergreen and deciduous shrubs in Okeefenokee Swamp. International Journal of Plant Science 156:19-28.
P., E.H. DeLucia H. Margolis, A. Schoettle and H. Smolander (1995) Photosynthetic light capture
and processing from the cell to the canopy. Chapter
Physiological Ecology of Coniferous
Forests: A Contemporary Synthesis.
W.K. Smith and T. Hinckley, eds. Academic
Press, NY. (Invited paper).
DeLucia, E.H., R.M. Callaway, and W.H. Schlesinger (1994) Offsetting changes in biomass allocation and photosynthesis in ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa) under future climatic conditions. Tree Physiology 14:669-677 (Invited paper).
DeLucia, E.H., S.L. Naidu, and J. Chen (1994) Effects of simulated stratospheric ozone depletion on seedling growth of several species of hardwood trees. Erigenia 13:132-140 (Invited paper).
Callaway, R.M., E.H. DeLucia, and W.H. Schlesinger (1994) Biomass allocation of montane and desert ponderosa pine: an analog for response to climate change. Ecology 75:1474-1481.
Callaway, R.M., E.H. DeLucia, E.M. Thomas, and W.H. Schlesinger (1994) Compensatory responses of CO2-exchange and biomass allocation and their effects on the relative growth rate of ponderosa pine in different CO2 and temperature regimes. Oecologia 98:159-166.
B., M. Ruth, and E.H. DeLucia. (1994) The natural ecosystem as a standard for
sustainability: a thermodynamic
approach. In: Sustainable
agriculture in the Midwest: Lessons
Ecosystem and Human Prospects for the Future. Pp.
125-143, G. McIsaac and W.R. Edwards, eds.
The University of Illinois Press, Champaign, IL. (Invited
Heckathorn, S.A. and E.H. DeLucia. (1994) Drought-induced nitrogen retranslocation in perennial C4 grass of tallgrass prairie. Ecology 75:1877-1895.
Heckathorn, S.A. and E.H. DeLucia. (1994) Ammonia volatilization during drought in perennial C4 grasses of tallgrass prairie. Oecologia 101:361-365.
B., M. Ruth, and E.H. DeLucia. (1993) A physical view of sustainability. Ecological
M., J.O. Dawson, and E.H. DeLucia. (1993) Phenology and recruitment of Ohio buckeye and sugar maple
forest stands. 9th Central Hardwood
Forest Conference Proceedings of a meeting held at Purdue
Lafayette, IN, March 8-10, Central Hardwood Forest Conference. St.
North Central Forest Experiment Station, Forest Service,
U.S. Dept. of
Agriculture, 1993. pp. 107-118.
Naidu, S.L., J.H. Sullivan, A.H. Teramura, and E.H. DeLucia. (1993) The effects of ultraviolet-B radiation on photosynthesis of different needle ages in field-grown loblolly pine. Tree Physiology 12:151-162.
M.A. and E.H. DeLucia. (1993) Photosynthetic and structural acclimation to light
direction in vertical
leaves of Silphium terebinthinaceum.
T.A., T.C. Vogelmann, and E.H. DeLucia. (1992) Are some plant life forms more effective than others in
ultraviolet-B radiation? Oecologia
E.H., S.A. Heckathorn, and T.A. Day. (1992) Soil temperature effects on growth, biomass allocation,
acquisition of Andropogon gerardii.
New Phytologist 120: 543-549.
DeLucia, E.H., T.A. Day, and T.C. Vogelmann. (1992) Ultraviolet-B and visible light penetration into needles of two subalpine conifers during foliar development. Plant, Cell and Environment 15:921-929.
DeLucia, E.H., T.A. Day, and T.C. Vogelmann. (1991) Ultraviolet-B radiation and the Rocky Mountain environment: Measurement of incident light and penetration into foliage. Current Topics in Plant Biochemistry and Physiology, 10:32-48 (Invited paper).
DeLucia, E.H. and W.H. Schlesinger. (1991) Resource-use efficiency and drought tolerance in adjacent Great Basin and Sierran plants. Ecology 72:51-58.
DeLucia, E.H., T.A. Day, and G. Oquist. (1991) The potential for photoinhibition of Pinus sylvestris L. seedlings exposed to high light and low soil temperature. Journal of Experimental Botany 42:611-617.
DeLucia, E.H., H.D. Shenoi, S.L. Naidu, and T.A. Day. (1991) Photosynthetic symmetry of sun and shade leaves of different orientations. Oecologia 87:51-57.
W.D., J.O. Dawson, and E.H. DeLucia. (1991) Stomatal conductance of seedlings of three oak species
nitrogen fertilization and drought treatments. Proceedings
8th Central Hardwood Forest Conference, USDA, Forest Service,
Forest Experiment Station, General Technical Report NE-148.
L.H. McCormick and K.W. Gottschalk (eds.), pp. 187-193.
S.A. and E.H. DeLucia. (1991) Effects of leaf rolling on gas exchange and leaf
temperature in Andropogon
gerardii and Spartina pectinata.
Botanical Gazette 152:263-268.
Day, T.A., E.H. DeLucia, and W.K. Smith. (1990) Effect of soil temperature on stem sap flow, shoot gas exchange, and water potential of Picea engelmannii during snow melt. Oecologia 84: 474-481.
E.H., T.A. Day, and T.C. Vogelmann. (1990) Ultraviolet-B radiation and the Rocky Mountain environment:
Measurement of incident light and penetration into foliage.
Current Topics in Plant Biochemistry and Physiology,
Missouri, 10:32-48 (Invited paper).
E.H. and W.H. Schlesinger. (1990)
Ecophysiology of Great Basin and Sierran vegetation on
contrasting soils. Invited chapter for Plant Biology
of the Basin and Range, C.B. Osmond, L.F. Pitelka, G.M. Hidy eds.
Studies Series 80, Springer-Verlag, pp. 143-178.
Schlesinger, and W.D. Billings. (1989) Edaphic limitations to growth and photosynthesis in
Sierran and Great
Basin vegetation. Oecologia 78:184-190.
Day, T.A., E.H. DeLucia, and W.K. Smith. (1989) Influence of cold soil and snowcover on photosynthesis and conductance in two Rocky Mountain conifers. Oecologia 80:546-552.
T.A., E.H. DeLucia, and W.K. Smith. (1989) Dorsiventrality of the photosynthetic light response in
occurring C3 dicots.
Proceedings of the VIIIth International Congress on
E.H. (1989) Ecophysiological aspects of the frost survival of plants. Book review of Sakai and Larcher. Frost
Survival of Plants. Springer-Verlag. Ecology 70:290
DeLucia, E.H. and S.A. Heckathorn. (1989) The effect of soil drought on water-use efficiency in a contrasting Great Basin desert and Sierran montane species. Plant, Cell and Environment 12:935-940.
Neave, I.A., J.O. Dawson, and E.H. DeLucia. (1989) Autumnal photosynthesis is extended in nitrogen-fixing European black alder compared with white basswood: possible adaptive significance. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 19:12-17.
W.H., E.H. DeLucia, and W.D. Billings. (1989) Nutrient-use efficiency of woody plants on contrasting
soils in the
western Great Basin. Ecology
DeLucia, E.H., W.K. Schlesinger, and W.D. Billings. (1988) Water relations and the maintenance of Sierran conifers on hydrothermally altered rock. Ecology 69:303-311.
W.K., E.H. DeLucia, and A.K. Knapp. (1988) Environmental limitations to photosynthesis in subalpine
plants of the
central Rocky Mountains, USA. USDA
Forest Service Publication #1463.
DeLucia, E.H. (1987) The effects of freezing nights on photosynthesis, stomatal conductance, and internal CO2 concentration in seedlings of Engelmann spruce (Picea engelmannii Parry). Plant, Cell and Environment 10:333-338.
E.H. and W.K. Smith. (1987) Air and soil temperature limitations on photosynthesis in
spruce during summer. Canadian Journal
of Forest Research 17:527-533.
E.H. (1986) Effect of low root temperature on net photosynthesis,
conductance and carbohydrate concentration in Engelmann spruce (Picea
engelmannii Parry) seedlings. Tree
DeLucia, E.H., T.W. Sasek, and B.R. Strain. (1985) Photosynthetic inhibition after long-term exposure to elevated levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Photosynthesis Research 7:175-184.
Sasek, T.W., E.H. DeLucia, and B.R. Strain. (1985) Reversibility of photosynthetic inhibition in cotton after long-term exposure to elevated CO2 concentrations. Plant Physiology 78:619-622.
DeLucia, EH and GP Berlyn (1984) The effect of increasing elevation on leaf cuticle thickness and cuticular transpiration in balsam fir, Abies balsamea. Canadian Journal of Botany 62:2423-2431. Downloaded from www.nrcresearchpress.com by Canadian Science Publishing 9/24/15