Carl Bernacchi's Research Group

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Lab Publications

Gomez-Casanovas, N., DeLucia, N.J., Bernacchi, C.J., & DeLucia, E.H.  Conversion of grazed pastures to energy cane as a biofuel feedstock alters soil GHG fluxes.  Journal of Environmental Quality, Submitted.

Ruiz-Vera U.M., Siebers M.H., Drag D.W., Ort, D.R., and Bernacchi C.J. Canopy warming caused photosynthetic acclimation and reduced seed yield in maize grown at ambient and elevated [CO2].  Global Change biology, accepted.

Miller J.N., VanLoocke A., Gomez-Casanovas N. and Bernacchi, C.J. Candidate perennial bioenergy grasses have a higher albedo than annual row crops in the Midwestern U.S.  Global Change Biology Bioenergy, accepted.

Siebers, M, Yendrek, C, Drag, D.W., Locke, A, Rios Acosta, L., Leakey, A.D.B., Ainsworth, E.A., Bernacchi, C.J., & Ort, D.R.  Heat waves imposed during early pod development in soybean (Glycine max) cause significant yield loss despite a rapid recovery from oxidative stress.  Global Change Biology, In Press.

Bagley, J., Miller, J., and Bernacchi C.J.  Biophysical Impacts of Climate-Smart Agriculture in the Midwest United States.  Plant Cell & Environment, In press.

Toomey M., Friedl, M.A., Frolking, S., Hufkens, K, Klosterman S., Sonnentag, O,. Baldocchi, D.D., Bernacchi, C.J., Bohrer, G., Brzostek, E., Burns, S.P., Coursolle, C., Hollinger, D.Y., Margolis, H.A., McCaughey, H., Monson R.K., Munger, J.W., Pallardy, S., Phillips, R.P., Torn, M., Wharton, S., Zeri, M., Richardson, A.D., Greenness indices from digital cameras predict the timing and seasonal dynamics of canopy-scale photosynthesis. Ecological Applications, 25, 99–115. 2015.

Bagley, J., Rosenthal, D.M., Ruiz-Vera, U.M., Siebers, M., Kumar P., Ort, D.R., and Bernacchi, C.J.  The influence of photosynthetic acclimation to rising CO2 and warmer temperatures on leaf and canopy photosynthesis models. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 29, 194-206. 2015.

Bernacchi, C.J. and VanLoocke, A.  Terrestrial Ecosystems in a Changing Environment: A Dominant Role for Water.  Annual Review of Plant Biology, 66, 18.1–18.24.  2015.

Kimball, B.A., White, J.W., Ottman, M.J., Wall, G.W., Bernacchi, C.J., Morgan, J., and Smith, D.P.  Predicting Canopy Temperatures and Infrared Heater Energy Requirements for Warming Field Plots.  Agronomy Journal, 107, 129-141. 2015.

Woo, D.K., Quijano, J., Kumar, P., Chaoka, S., and Bernacchi, C.J.  Threshold Dynamics in Soil Carbon Storage for Bioenergy Crops. Environmental Science and Technology, 48, 12090–12098. 2014.

Bagley, J.E., Davis, S.C., Georgescu, M., Hussain, M.Z., Miller, J., Nesbitt, S.W., VanLoocke, A., Bernacchi, C.J. The biophysical link between climate, water, and vegetation in bioenergy agro-ecosystems. Biomass & Bioenergy, 71, 187–201. 2014.

Rosenthal D.M., Ruiz-Vera, U.M., Siebers M.H., Gray, S.B., Bernacchi, C.J., and Ort, D.R. Biochemical acclimation, stomatal limitation and precipitation patterns underlie decreases in photosynthetic stimulation of Soybean (Glycine max) at elevated [CO2] and temperatures under fully open air field conditions.  Plant Science, 226, 136-146. 2014.

Sun, J., Feng Z., Leakey A.D.B., Zhu, X.-G., Bernacchi, C.J., and Ort, D.R.  Inconsistency of mesophyll conductance estimate causes the inconsistency for the estimates of maximum rate of Rubisco carboxylation among the linear, rectangular and non-rectangular hyperbola biochemical models of leaf photosynthesis – A case study of CO2 enrichment and leaf aging effects in soybean.  Plant Science, 226, 49-60. 2014.

Gilmanov, T. G., Baker, J. M., Bernacchi, C. J., Billesbach, D. P., Burba, G. G., Castro, S., et al. Productivity and Carbon Dioxide Exchange of Leguminous Crops: Estimates from Flux Tower Measurements. Agronomy Journal, 106(2), 545-559. 2014.

Locke, A.M., Sack, L., Bernacchi, C.J., and Ort, D.R. Soybean leaf hydraulic conductance does not acclimate to growth at elevated [CO2] or temperature in growth chambers or in the field.  Annals of Botany, 112: 911–918. 2013.

Zeri, M., Hussain, M.Z., Anderson–Teixeira, K.J., DeLucia, E.H., and Bernacchi, C.J. Water use efficiency of perennial and annual bioenergy crops in central Illinois. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, 118, 581–589. 2013.

Ruiz–Vera, U.M., Siebers, M., Gray, S., Rosenthal, D., Kimball, B.A., Ort, D.R., and Bernacchi, C.J. Global warming can negate the expected CO2 stimulation in photosynthesis and productivity for soybean grown in the Midwest United States. Plant Physiology, 162:410–23. 2013.

Twine, T.E., Bryant, J.J., Richter, K., Bernacchi, C.J., McConnaughay, K.D.M., Morris, S., and Leakey, A.D.B. Impacts of elevated CO2 concentration on the productivity and surface energy budget of the soybean and maize agroecosystem in the Midwest US. Global Change Biology, 19: 2838–2852. 2013.

Bernacchi, C.J., Bagley, J.E., Serbin, S.P., Ruiz–Vera, U.M., Rosenthal, D.M., and VanLoocke, A. Modelling C3 photosynthesis from the chloroplast to the ecosystem. Plant, Cell and Environment, 36: 1641–1657. 2013.

Gomez–Casanovas, N., Anderson–Teixeira, K., Zeri, M., Bernacchi, C.J., and DeLucia, E.H. Analysis of gap filling strategies and errors for estimating total annual soil respiration. Global Change Biology, 19, 1941–1952. 2013.

Hussain, M.Z., VanLoocke, A., Markelz, R.J.C., Siebers, M.H., Leakey, A.D.B., Ort, D.R., and Bernacchi, C.J. Future carbon dioxide concentration decreases canopy evapotranspiration and soil water depletion by field–grown maize. Global Change Biology, 19, 1572–1584. 2013.

Smith, C.M., David, M.B., Mitchell, C.A., Masters, M.D., Anderson–Teixeira, K.J., Bernacchi, C.J., and DeLucia, E.H. Reduced nitrogen losses following conversion of row crop agriculture to perennial biofuel crops. Journal of Environmental Quality. 42, 219–228. 2013.

Anderson–Teixeira, K., Masters, M., Black, C.K., Zeri, M., Hussain, M.Z., Bernacchi, C.J., and DeLucia, E.H. Altered belowground carbon cycling following land use change. Ecosystems. 16: 508–520. 2013.

Miresmailli, S., Zeri, M., Zangerl, A.R., Bernacchi, C.J., Berenbaum, M.R., and DeLucia, E.H. Impacts of herbaceous bioenergy crops on atmospheric volatile organic composition and potential consequences for global climate change. Global Change Biology Bioenergy. 5: 375–383. 2013

Gilmanov, T., Wylie, B., Tieszen, L., Meyers, T., Amiro, B., Baron, V., Bernacchi, C.J., et al. CO2 uptake and ecophysiological parameters of the grain crops of midcontinent North America: estimates from flux tower measurements. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 164: 162–175. 2013.

VanLoocke, A., Twine, T.E., Zeri M., and Bernacchi, C.J. A regional comparison of water use efficiency for miscanthus, switchgrass and maize. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 164:82–95. 2012.

VanLoocke, A., Betzelberger, A.M., Ainsworth, E.A., and Bernacchi, C.J. (2012) Rising ozone concentrations decrease soybean evapotranspiration and water use efficiency whilst increasing canopy temperature. New Phytologist 195:164–171. 2012.

Zeri, M., Anderson–Teixeira, K., Hickman, G., Masters, M., DeLucia, E.H., and Bernacchi, C.J. Carbon exchange by establishing biofuel crops in Central Illinois. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 144:319–329. 2011.

Bernacchi, C.J., Leakey, A.D.B., Kimball, B.A., and Ort, D.R. Growth of soybean at future tropospheric ozone concentrations decreases canopy evapotranspiration and soil water depletion. Environmental Pollution. 159:1464–1472. 2011.

Drewry, D.T., Kumar, P., Long, S.P., Bernacchi, C.J., Liang, X–Z., and Sivapalan, M. Ecohydrological responses of dense canopies to environmental variability. Part 1: Interplay between vertical structure and photosynthetic pathway. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeoscience. 115:G04022. 2010.

Drewry, D.T., Kumar, P., Long, S.P., Bernacchi, C.J., Liang, X–Z., and Sivapalan, M. Ecohydrological responses of dense canopies to environmetnal variability. Part 2: Role of acclimation under elevated CO2. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeoscience. 115:G04023. 2010.

Hickman, G., VanLoocke, A., Dohleman, F.G., and Bernacchi, C.J. A comparison of canopy evapotranspiration for maize and two perennial grass species identified as potential bioenergy crops. Global Change Biology – Bioenergy. 2:157–168. 2010.

VanLoocke, A., Bernacchi, C.J., and Twine, T.E. The impacts of Miscanthus X giganteus production on the Midwestern U.S. hydrologic cycle. Global Change Biology – Bioenergy. 2:180–191. 2010.

West, T.O., Brandt, C.C., Baskaran, L.M., Hellwinckel, C.M., Mueller, R., Bernacchi, C.J., Bandaru, S.P., Wilson, B.S., Yang, B., Marland, G., Nelson, R.G., and De La Torre Ugarte, D.G. Net Carbon Flux and Net Ecosystem Exchange from Croplands in the United States:  Increasing Geospatial Resolution of Inventory–Based Carbon Accounting. Ecological Applications. 20:1074–1086. 2010.

Tao, Z., Malvick, D., Claybrooke, R., Floyd, C., Bernacchi, C.J., Spoden, G., Kurle, J., Gay, D., Bowersox, V., and Krupa, S. Predicting the risk of soybean rust in Minnesota based on an integrated atmospheric model. International Journal of Biometeorology. 53:509–521. 2009.

Castro, J.C., Dohleman, F.G., Bernacchi, C.J., and Long, S.P. Elevated CO2 Significantly Delays Reproductive Development of Soybean under Free–Air Concentration Enrichment (FACE). Journal of Experimental Botany. 60:2945–2951. 2009.

Lokupitiya, E., Denning, S., Paustian, K., Baker, I., Schaefer, K., Verma, S., Meyers, T., Bernacchi, C.J., Suyker, A., and Fischer, M. Incorporation of crop phenology in Simple Biosphere Model (SiBcrop) to improve land–atmosphere carbon exchanges from croplands. Biogeosciences. 6:969–986. 2009.

Leakey, A.D.B., Ainsworth, E.A., Bernacchi, C.J., Rogers, A., Long, S.P., and Ort, D.R. Elevated CO2 effects on plant carbon, nitrogen and water relations:  Six important lessons from FACE. Journal of Experimental Botany. 60:2859–2876. 2009.

Kowles, R.V., Walch, M.D., Minnerath, J.M., Bernacchi, C.J., Stec, A.O., Rines, H.W. Rines, and Phillips, R.L. Expression of C4 photosynthetic enzymes in oat–maize chromosome addition lines. Maydica. 53:69–78. 2008.

Pimentel, C., Bernacchi, C.J., and Long, S.P. Limitations to photosynthesis at different temperatures in the leaves of Citrus limon. Brazilian Journal of  Plant Physiology. 19:141–147. 2007.

Bernacchi C.J., Thompson, J.N., Coleman, J.S., and McConnaughay, K.D.M. Allometric analysis reveals relatively little variation in nitrogen vs. biomass accrual in four plant species exposed to varying light, nutrients, water, and CO2. Plant, Cell & Environment. 30:1216–1222. 2007.

Sharkey, T.D., Bernacchi, C.J., Farquhar, G.D., and Singsaas, E.L. In Practice: Fitting photosynthetic carbon dioxide response curves for C–3 leaves. Plant, Cell & Environment. 30:1035–1040. 2007.

Bernacchi C.J., Kimball, B.A., Quarles, D.R., Long, S.P., and Ort, D.R. Decreases in stomatal conductance of soybean under open–air elevation of [CO2] are closely coupled with decreases in ecosystem evapotranspiration. Plant Physiology. 143:134–144. 2007.

Bernacchi C.J., Leakey, A.D.B., Heady, L.E., Morgan, P.B., Dohleman, F.G., McGrath, J.M., Gillespie, K.M., Wittig, V.E., Rogers, A., Long, S.P., and Ort, D.R. Hourly and seasonal variation in photosynthesis and stomatal conductance of soybean grown at future CO2 and ozone concentrations for three years under fully open air field conditions. Plant Cell & Environment. 29:2077–2090. 2006.

Leakey, A.D.B., Bernacchi, C.J., Ort, D.R., and Long, S.P. Long–term growth of soybean at elevated [CO2] under fully open–air conditions does not cause acclimation of stomatal conductance. Plant, Cell & Environment. 29:1794–1800. 2006.

Rogers, A., Gibon, Y., Stitt, M., Morgan, P.B., Bernacchi, C.J., Ort, D.R., and Long, S.P. Increased carbon availability at elevated carbon dioxide concentration improves nitrogen assimilation in a legume. Plant Cell & Environment. 29:1651–1658. 2006.

Davey, P. A., Olcer, H., Zakhleniuk, O., Bernacchi, C.J., Calfapietra, C., Long, S.P., and Raines, C.A. Can fast–growing plantation trees escape biochemical down–regulation of photosynthesis when grown throughout their complete production cycle in the open air under elevated carbon dioxide? Plant Cell & Environment. 29:1235–1244. 2006.

Bernacchi, C.J., Hollinger, S.E., and Meyers, T. Carbon sequestration potential of no–till corn/soybean ecosystem in the Midwestern U.S. Global Change Biology. 11:1867–1872. Corrigendum. 12:1585–1586. 2005.

Gielen, B., Calfapietra, C., Lukac, M., Wittig, V.E., De Angelis, P., Janssens, I.A., Moscatelli, M.C., Grego, S., Cotrufo, M.F., Godbold, D.L., Hoosbeek, M., Long, S.P., Miglietta, F., Polle, A., Bernacchi, C.J., Davey, P.A., Ceulemans, R., and Scarascia–Mugnozza, G.E. Integrated carbon budget of a high–density poplar plantation exposed to elevated atmospheric [CO2] (POPFACE). Tree Physiology. 25:1399–1408. 2005.

Hollinger, S.E., Bernacchi, C.J., and Meyers, T.  A reply to “Comment on ‘Carbon budget of mature no–till ecosystem in North Central Region of the United States’ by Dobermann et al.” Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 136:85–87. 2005.

Hollinger, S.E., Bernacchi, C.J., and Meyers, T. Carbon budget of mature no–till ecosystem in North Central Region of the United States. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 130:59–69. Corrigendum. 136:88–89. 2005.

Wittig, V.E., Bernacchi, C.J., Zhu, X., Ceulemans, R., DeAngelis, P., Gielen, B., Miglietta, F., Morgan, P.B., and Long, S.P. Is gross primary production stimulated for three Populus species grown under free–air CO2 enrichment from planting through canopy closure?  Global Change Biology. 11:644–656. 2005.

Bernacchi, C.J., Morgan, P.B., Ort, D.R., and Long, S.P. The growth of soybean under free air [CO2] enrichment (FACE) stimulates photosynthesis while decreasing in vivo Rubisco capacity. Planta. 220:434–446. 2005.

Morgan, P.B., Bernacchi, C.J., Ort, D.R., and Long, S.P. An in vivo analysis of the effect of season–long open–air elevation of ozone to anticipated 2050 levels on photosynthesis in soybean. Plant Physiology. 135:2348–2357. 2005.

Rogers, A., Allen, D.J., Davey, P.A., Morgan, P.B., Ainsworth, E.A., Bernacchi, C.J., Cornic, G., Dermody, O., Heaton, E.A., Mahoney, J., Zhu, X–G., DeLucia, E.H., Ort, D.R., and Long, S.P. Leaf photosynthesis and carbohydrate dynamics of soybeans grown throughout their life–cycle under Free–Air Carbon dioxide Enrichment. Plant, Cell & Environment. 27:449–458. 2005.

Leakey, A.D.B., Bernacchi, C.J., Dohleman, F.G., Long, S.P. Long, and Ort, D.R. Will photosynthesis of maize (Zea Mays) in the U.S. Corn Belt increase in future [CO2] rich atmospheres?  An analysis of diurnal courses of CO2 uptake under Free–Air Concentration Enrichment (FACE). Global Change Biology. 10:951–962. 2004.

Long, S.P., and Bernacchi, C.J. Gas exchange measurements, what can they tell us about the underlying limitations to photosynthesis?  Procedures and sources of error. Journal of Experimental Botany. 54:2393–2401. 2003.

Bernacchi, C.J., Calfapietra, C., Davey, P.A., Wittig, V.E., Scarascie–Mugnozza, G.E., Raines, C.A., and Long, S.P. Photosynthesis and stomatal conductance responses of poplars to free–air CO2 enrichment (PopFACE) during the first growth cycle and immediately following coppice. New Phytologist. 159:609–621. 2003.

Bernacchi, C.J., Pimental, C., and Long, S.P. In vivo temperature response functions for parameters required to model RuBP–limited photosynthesis. Plant, Cell & Environment. 26:1419–1430. 2003.

Bernacchi, C.J., Portis, Jr., A.R., von Caemmerer, S., and Long, S.P. Temperature response of mesophyll conductance: Implications for the determination of Rubisco enzyme kinetics and for limitations to photosynthesis in vivo. Plant Physiology. 130:1992–1998. 2002.

Ainsworth, E.A., Davey, P.A., Bernacchi, C.J., Dermody, O.C., Heaton, E.A., Moore,  D.J., Morgan, P.B., Naidu, S.L., Yoo, H., Zhu, X–G., Curtis, P.S., and Long, S.P. A meta–analysis of elevated [CO2] effects on soybean (Glycine max) physiology, growth and yield. Global Change Biology. 8:695–709. 2002.

Bernacchi, C.J., Singsaas, E.L., Pimental, C., Portis, Jr., A.R., and Long, S.P. Improved temperature response functions for models of Rubisco–limited photosynthesis. Plant, Cell & Environment. 24:253–260. 2001.

Bernacchi, C.J., Coleman, J.S., Bazzaz, F.A., McConnaughay, K.D.M. Biomass allocation in old–field annual species grown in elevated CO2 environments: no evidence for optimal partitioning. Global Change Biology. 6:855–863. 2000.