References for coevolution between parsnips and webworms


Berenbaum, M.R., A.R. Zangerl, and J.K. Nitao. 1986. Constraints on chemical coevolution: wild parsnips and the parsnip webworm. Evolution 40:1215-1228.

Zangerl, A.R., M.R. Berenbaum, and E. Levine. 1989. Genetic control of seed chemistry and morphology in wild parsnip (Pastinaca sativa). J. Heredity 80:404-407.

Berenbaum, M.R., A.R. Zangerl, and K. Lee. 1989. Chemical barriers to adaptation by a specialist herbivore. Oecologia 80:501-506.

Berenbaum, M.R. and A.R. Zangerl. 1992. Genetics of physiological and behavioral resistance to host furanocoumarins in the parsnip webworm. Evolution 46:1373-1384.

Zangerl, A.R. and M.R. Berenbaum. 1992. Plant chemistry, insect adaptations to plant chemistry, and host plant utilization patterns. Ecology 74:47-54.

Lohman, D.J., A.R. Zangerl, and M.R. Berenbaum. 1996. Impact of floral herbivory by parsnip webworm (Oecophoridae: Depressaria pastinacella Duponchel) on pollination and fitness of wild parsnip (Apiaceae: Pastinaca sativa L ). The American Midland Naturalist. 136:407-412.

Zangerl, A.R. and M.R. Berenbaum. 1997. Costs of chemically defending seeds:furanocoumarins and Pastinaca sativa. Amer. Natur. 150:491-504.

Zangerl, A.R., Green, E.S., Lampman, R.L., and M.R. Berenbaum. 1997. Phenological changes in primary and secondary chemistry of reproductive parts in wild parsnip. Phytochemistry 44:825-831.

Berenbaum and Zangerl. 1998. Chemical phenotype matching between a plant and its insect herbivore. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. in press.

Carroll, M.J., A.R. Zangerl, and M.R. Berenbaum. 2000. Heritability estimates for octyl acetate and octyl butyrate in the mature fruit of the wild parsnip. Journal of Heredity. 91:68-71.

Zangerl, A.R. and M.R. Berenbaum. 2003. Phenotype matching in wild parsnips and parsnip webworms: causes and consequences. Evolution 57: 806-815.  Plant data file and insect data file.