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References for webworm spinning

 

Berenbaum, M.R., A.R. Zangerl, and E.S. Green. 1993. Web costs and web defense in the parsnip webworm (Lepidoptera: Oecophoridae). Environmental Entomology 22:791-795

Green, E.S., A.R. Zangerl, and M.R. Berenbaum. 1988. An ecological benefit of silk-spinning behavior in the parsnip webworm, Depressaria pastinacella (Lepidoptera: Oecophoridae). In press.